- 366th Infantry Regiment (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=366th Infantry Regiment
caption=366th Infantry Regiment
coat of arms
dates= 1917 - 1945
country= United States of America
Fort Devens, Massachusetts
colonel_of_the_regiment=Edmund R. Andrews,
Howard D. Queen,
motto="Labor Conquers All Things."
World War I, World War II
Rome-Arno CampaignUS Regiments
previous=365th Infantry Regiment
next=367th Infantry RegimentThe 366th
Infantry Regimentwas an all African American(segregated) unit of the United States Armythat served with distinction in both World War Iand World War II. The unit was unique because it was one of the few Negrounits with all its own officers and personnel; the U.S. military did not desegregate until after World War II, and in most of the segregated units, all of the officers were white. During World War II, the unit saw combat in Italyas part of the 92nd Infantry Division (colored), 5th Army.
World War I
The 366th Infantry was constituted
16 August 1917in the National Army as the 366th Infantry and assigned to the 92nd Division and organized at Camp Dodge, Iowa, in November 1917.
In WWI the regiment served overseas as a part of the 92nd Division, National Army and earned credit for battle participation as follows:
*St. Die Sector (Lorraine),
August 23, 1918- September 20, 1918
September 26, 1918- October 5, 1918
*Marbach Sector (Lorraine)
October 8, 1918-November 1918
The 366th Infantry was demobilized
25 March 1919at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, and reconstituted 16 December 1940in the Regular Army.
World War II
It was activated
10 February 1941at Fort Devens, Massachusettsand assigned to the Eastern Defense Command on 30 April 1942.
*Attached to the 1st Service Command on
1 May 1943and to the XIII Corps on 1 September 1943.
*Assigned XXII Corps
21 January 1944and staged at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia 22 March 1944until it departed Hampton Roads P/E (Point of Embarkation) 28 March 1944.
North Africa 6 April 1944and attached to 15th Air Force Service Command for airfield security duties from Sardiniato the Adriatic coast.
*Assigned to Fifth Army
4 November 1944and arrived Livorno, Italy 21 November 1944for attachment to the 92nd Infantry Division until 25 February 1945.
*Disbanded in Italy on
28 March 1945and personnel transferred into the 224th and 226th Engineer General Service Regiments.
Colonel Howard Donovan Queen was the CO at the time of embarkation in March 1944. Although the 366th Infantry had been at "Combat Readiness", after a prolonged period which was devoted only to guard duty, Queen felt that they needed at least three months for preparation to be "Combat Ready". Queen wrote a significant request for withdrawal from Active Command and included his guarded reservations in regard to his deeply held tenets. In spite of this it was decided in November 1944 to attach the 366th Infantry to the 92nd Division.
They saw action at the
Battle of Monte Cassino, and were in the vanguard of the 5th Army's liberation of Romeas one of the first units to reach the city, two days before the Normandy Invasion. (As a gesture of thanks, they received a papal blessing at a special ceremony in Saint Peter's Square.)
The 366th Infantry Regiment was awarded two
campaign streamers for the Colours; the first for Meuse-Argonne Lorraine (September, 1918 to November, 1918), and the second for Rome-Arno (January, 1944 to September, 1944).
The incorporated the
Cross of Lorraine. The was, "Labor Conquers All Things."
Military history of African Americans
United States Colored Troops
* [http://www.wiz-worx.com/366th/ 366th Infantry Regiment Veterans Association]
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