366th Infantry Regiment (United States)

366th Infantry Regiment (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=366th Infantry Regiment

caption=366th Infantry Regiment coat of arms
dates= 1917 - 1945
country= United States of America
branch= Army
type= Infantry
size= Regiment
garrison=Fort Devens, Massachusetts
colonel_of_the_regiment=Edmund R. Andrews,
West Hamilton,
Howard D. Queen,
Alonzo Ferguson
motto="Labor Conquers All Things."
battles=World War I,
World War II
battle_honours=Meuse-Argonne Offensive,
Rome-Arno Campaign
US Regiments
previous=365th Infantry Regiment
next=367th Infantry Regiment
The 366th Infantry Regiment was an all African American (segregated) unit of the United States Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II. The unit was unique because it was one of the few Negro units with all its own officers and personnel; the U.S. military did not desegregate until after World War II, and in most of the segregated units, all of the officers were white. During World War II, the unit saw combat in Italy as part of the 92nd Infantry Division (colored), 5th Army.


World War I

The 366th Infantry was constituted 16 August 1917 in the National Army as the 366th Infantry and assigned to the 92nd Division and organized at Camp Dodge, Iowa, in November 1917.

In WWI the regiment served overseas as a part of the 92nd Division, National Army and earned credit for battle participation as follows:

*St. Die Sector (Lorraine), August 23, 1918-September 20, 1918

*Meuse-Argonne Sector, September 26, 1918-October 5, 1918

*Marbach Sector (Lorraine) October 8, 1918-November 1918

The 366th Infantry was demobilized 25 March 1919 at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, and reconstituted 16 December 1940 in the Regular Army.

World War II

It was activated 10 February 1941 at Fort Devens, Massachusetts and assigned to the Eastern Defense Command on 30 April 1942.

*Attached to the 1st Service Command on 1 May 1943 and to the XIII Corps on 1 September 1943.

*Moved to A. P. Hill Military Reservation, Virginia 14 October 1943 and to Camp Atterbury, Indiana 23 November 1943 under XX Corps.

*Assigned XXII Corps 21 January 1944 and staged at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia 22 March 1944 until it departed Hampton Roads P/E (Point of Embarkation) 28 March 1944.

*Arrived North Africa 6 April 1944 and attached to 15th Air Force Service Command for airfield security duties from Sardinia to the Adriatic coast.

*Assigned to Fifth Army 4 November 1944 and arrived Livorno, Italy 21 November 1944 for attachment to the 92nd Infantry Division until 25 February 1945.

*Disbanded in Italy on 28 March 1945 and personnel transferred into the 224th and 226th Engineer General Service Regiments.

Combat chronicle

Colonel Howard Donovan Queen was the CO at the time of embarkation in March 1944. Although the 366th Infantry had been at "Combat Readiness", after a prolonged period which was devoted only to guard duty, Queen felt that they needed at least three months for preparation to be "Combat Ready". Queen wrote a significant request for withdrawal from Active Command and included his guarded reservations in regard to his deeply held tenets. In spite of this it was decided in November 1944 to attach the 366th Infantry to the 92nd Division.

They saw action at the Battle of Monte Cassino, and were in the vanguard of the 5th Army's liberation of Rome as one of the first units to reach the city, two days before the Normandy Invasion. (As a gesture of thanks, they received a papal blessing at a special ceremony in Saint Peter's Square.)

Notable veterans

* Edward William Brooke III - First African American after Reconstruction elected to the United States Senate.

* John Robert Fox - posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in January, 1997 for his heroic self-sacrifice on December 26, 1944 in Italy.


The 366th Infantry Regiment was awarded two campaign streamers for the Colours; the first for Meuse-Argonne Lorraine (September, 1918 to November, 1918), and the second for Rome-Arno (January, 1944 to September, 1944).

The incorporated the Cross of Lorraine. The was, "Labor Conquers All Things."

See also

* Buffalo Soldier
* Military history of African Americans
* Winter Line
* United States Colored Troops



External links

* [http://www.wiz-worx.com/366th/ 366th Infantry Regiment Veterans Association]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 442nd Infantry Regiment (United States) — 442nd Regimental Combat Team 442nd Infantry Regiment Coat of Arms Active August 1944–August 1946 July 1947–December 1969 …   Wikipedia

  • 92nd Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=92nd Infantry Division (Colored) caption= Shoulder sleeve insignia dates= October 1917 November 1945 country= United States of America branch= Army type= Infantry size= Division command structure= current commander …   Wikipedia

  • United States Colored Troops — The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments of the United States Army during the American Civil War that were composed of African American soldiers. The men of the USCT were the forerunners of the famous Buffalo Soldiers.HistoryThe U.S …   Wikipedia

  • United States invasion of Panama — Invasion of Panama US soldiers prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City, December 1989 …   Wikipedia

  • Presidential Unit Citation (United States) — Presidential Unit Citation Army and Air Force P.U.C …   Wikipedia

  • History of baseball in the United States — National League Baltimore Orioles, 1896 Part of the Baseball series on …   Wikipedia

  • Structure of the United States Armed Forces — The structure of the United States armed forces is a chain of command leading from the President (as commander in chief) to the newest recruits. The United States armed forces are organized through the United States Department of Defense, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Infantry Regiments — Coats of arms of US Infantry Regiments are heraldic emblems associated with infantry regiments in the US Army. By Army regulation, all regiments of the US Army organized under a Table of Organization and Equipment are authorized a coat of arms to …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of African Americans — The 332nd Fighter Group attends a briefing in Italy in 1945. The military history of African Americans spans from the arrival of the first black slaves during the colonial history of the United States to the present day. There has been no war… …   Wikipedia

  • John R. Fox — Infobox Military Person name= John Robert Fox born= birth date|1915|5|18 died= death date and age|1944|12|26|1915|5|18 placeofbirth= Cincinnati, Ohio placeofdeath= KIA in Sommocolonia, Italy placeofburial= caption= John Fox, posthumously received …   Wikipedia