- William Smith (South Carolina senator)
jr/sr and state=Junior Senator,
December 4, 1816– March 3, 1823 November 29, 1826– March 3, 1831
Robert Y. Hayne Stephen D. Miller
date of birth=birth date|1762|9|6|mf=y
place of birth=
North Carolina, U.S.
date of death=death date and age|1840|6|26|1762|9|6|mf=y
place of death=
Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.
William Smith (
September 6, 1762– June 26, 1840) was chosen as a Democratic-Republicanto the U.S. Senate representing South Carolinain 1816. The legislature declined to re-elect him when his term expired in 1823. He was narrowly chosen Senator in 1826 and was again replaced in 1831.
Smith was one of the first Southerners to argue, at the time of the
Missouri Compromisein 1820, that slavery was a positive good; nevertheless, he opposed John C. Calhoun's doctrine and tactic of nullification. In 1828, seven electors from Georgia chose him for Vice President, instead of Calhoun, the Democratic nominee. He was also a splinter candidate for Vice President in 1836: Virginia refused to accept Richard Mentor Johnsonas the Democratic Vice Presidential candidate, and voted for the ticket of Martin Van Burenand William Smith, putting Johnson two electoral votes short of a majority; the Senate chose Johnson.
In 1832, he moved to Louisiana, having lost his political base in South Carolina; in 1836, he moved on to
Huntsville, Alabama, and was elected to the Alabama Legislature; he held that seat for the rest of his life.
March 3, 1837, outgoing President Andrew Jacksonnominated Smith to the Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed Smith's nomination by a vote of 23–18; nevertheless, Smith declined to serve.
###@@@KEY@@@###U.S. Senator box| state=South Carolina| class=3| before=William Harper| after=
Stephen D. Miller| alongside= Robert Y. Hayne
title=Democratic Party vice presidential candidate(1)
Martin Van Buren
years=1828 (lost)succession box
title=Democratic Party vice presidential candidate(2)
Martin Van Buren
after=Richard M. Johnson,
Littleton W. Tazewell,
James K. Polk(3)
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