Levada


Levada

A levada (Portuguese for "led") is an irrigation channel or aqueduct on the island of Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean (about convert|500|mi|km southwest of Portugal).

The levadas originated out of the necessity of bringing large amounts of water from the west and northwest of the island to the drier southeast, which is more conducive to habitation and agriculture (such as sugar cane production). In the sixteenth century the Portuguese started building levadas to carry water to the agricultural regions. The most recent were made in the 1940s. Madeira is very mountainous, and building the levadas was often difficult. Many are cut into the sides of mountains, and it was also necessary to dig convert|25|mi|km of tunnels.

Today the levadas not only supply water to the southern parts of the island but provide hydro-electric power. There are over convert|1350|mi|km of levadas and they provide a remarkable network of walking paths. Some provide easy and relaxing walks through beautiful countryside, but others are narrow, crumbling ledges where a slip could result in serious injury or death.

A popular levada to hike is the "Levada do Caldeirão Verde" which continues as the "Levada Caldeirão do Inferno". Together it is about convert|23|mi|km long. Along both parts there are long sections which should not be attempted by hikers prone to vertigo; and several tunnels for which flashlights and helmets are essential. The "Levada do Canical" is a much easier walk. This levada runs convert|7.1|mi|km from Maroços to the "Canical Tunnel". It is known as the "mimosa levada" because acacias (commonly misnamed mimosas) are found all along the route. [J. and P. Underwood, "Landscapes of Madeira" (Sunflower Books) is the most widely used guide to the levadas. It provides detailed instructions and maps covering 42 levadas and other walks.]

ee also

*The Canary island of La Palma also has a network of visitable water tunnels.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Levada — cerca de Rabaçal. Para otros usos de este término, véase Levada (desambiguación). Una levada (del portugués levar, llevar ) es un canal de irrigación o acueducto de la isla de Madeira en el Océano Atlántico (Portugal). Las levadas se crearon… …   Wikipedia Español

  • levada — s. f. 1. Ato de levar. 2. Corrente de água encanada para regar ou para moer. 3. Canal construído para conduzir água. 4. Cascata. 5. Construção para reter a água. = AÇUDE, BARRAGEM, REPRESA 6. ir de levada: correr precipitadamente.   ‣ Etimologia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • levadă — LEVÁDĂ s. f. (echit.) mişcare de dresaj constând în aceea că animalul ridică în sus bipedul anterior, sprijinindu se pe cel posterior, cu jaretele apropiate de sol. (< germ. Levade) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • levada — leváda ž DEFINICIJA reg. sport propinjanje konja u konjičkom sportu ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Levade ← fr. levade ≃ lever: dići …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • levada — (De levar). 1. f. En la cría de los gusanos de seda, porción de estos que se alza y muda de una parte a otra. 2. Esgr. Molinete que se hace con las lanzas, espadas, floretes, etc., antes de ponerse en guardia. 3. Esgr. Ida y venida, o lance que… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Levada — Levadas sind künstliche Wasserläufe auf der portugiesischen Insel Madeira, mit denen Wasser aus den niederschlagsreicheren Gebieten im Norden und im Zentrum der Insel zu den landwirtschaftlichen Anbaugebieten im Süden geleitet wird. Da dabei zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Levada — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Levada (homonymie). Une levada est un canal d irrigation ou un aqueduc sur l île portugaise de Madère. Les levadas furent créées par la nécessité d acheminer d importantes quantités d eau du versant nord ouest de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • levada — ► sustantivo femenino 1 ZOOLOGÍA Grupo de gusanos de seda que se alza y muda de una parte a otra. 2 DEPORTES Movimiento circular que se hace en esgrima con la espada u otra arma antes de ponerse en guardia. SINÓNIMO molinete 3 DEPORTES Ida o… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Levada — nf levée de terre Puy de Dôme, Alpes Maritimes …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • levada — levado f. levée; digue; fressure; entrailles …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu


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