- Lapland, Sweden
Norrbotten County, Västerbotten County
Lapland ( _sv. Lappland) is a province in northernmost
Sweden. It borders Jämtland, Ångermanland, Västerbotten, Norrbotten, Norwayand Finland. About a quarter of Sweden's surface area is in Lapland.
Lapland originally extended eastward. However, in
1809Russia annexed the eastern part of the Swedish realm, and created the Grand Duchy of Finland, which in effect split Lapland into a Swedish part and a Finnish part, both of which still exist today.
provinces of Swedenserve no administrative or political purposes, but are cultural and historical entities. Administratively Lapland constitutes the western part of two counties of Sweden, Norrbotten Countyin the north and Västerbotten Countyin the south. In contrast to most other areas of Sweden there is more of an identification with the "counties" rather than to "provinces". Thus, most people in these counties refer to the entire county, including the areas in Lapland, when they say 'Norrbotten' or 'Västerbotten'.
Citizens of Sami descent are eligible to stand and vote in elections for the Swedish
Sami Parliament, which is the case with Sami people elsewhere in Sweden as well. Sami language has an official minority status in Kiruna Municipality, Gällivare Municipality, Jokkmokk Municipalityand Arjeplog Municipality.
Lapland itself was never considered a duchy but on
January 18, 1884the Privy Council gave all Provinces the right of use to a ducal coronet for their arms. Blazon Swedish version: "Argent, a Wildman stantant Gules wrapped with birch leaves Vert on the head and around the waist holding a Club Or in dexter over the shoulder."
Parts of Lappland have been named a
UNESCO World heritage site, the Laponian area.
The history of Lappland is in many ways connected to the history of
Norrbotten Countyand Västerbotten County, since Lappland is a historic region connected to these counties. During the middle ages, Norrbotten/Lappland was basically a no man's land. The area was sparsely populated by nomadic Sami people, but the region became increasingly settled by Swedish, Finnish and Norwegian settlers, especially along the coasts and large rivers. From the Middle ages on, the Swedish kings tried hard to colonize and Christianize the area using settlers from what is now Finland and southern Sweden. Today, despite large-scale assimilation into the dominant Swedish culture, Finnish and Sami minorities continue to maintain their cultures and identities.
During the industrialization of Sweden, natural resources (hydroelectricity, timber and minerals) from Lappland and surrounding provinces played a key role. Still, mining, forestry and hydroelectric power are the backbone of the local economy, together with municipal services. The unemployment has however been relatively high for several decades and many young people leave for the larger cities by the coast or in southern Sweden.
*Culture of the
*The conservative Lutheran Laestadian movement is prominent in the region
*Referenced in Herman Melville's Moby Dick in a chapter entitled "The Whiteness of the Whale"
*Laponia (the province prior to 1809, including the present-day Finnish part)
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/holiday/destinations/sweden_icehotel/index.shtml Swedish Lapland] - BBC Holiday Destinations
* [http://www.arvidsjaur.eu Arvidsjaur.eu] - Arvidsjaur, the heart of Swedish Lapland
* [http://viaterra.net/photopages/1990-2000/sweden-north.htm viaterra.net] - Photos from the North of Sweden (Abisko, Lapporten, Torneträsk)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lapland — can refer to:* English name of the Lapland Province ( Lappi ) in Finland * English name of Lapland, Sweden ( Lappland ); the name is not in official use * Sápmi (area), the entire cultural region inhabited by the Sami people minority in northern… … Wikipedia
Lapland and Lapps — • This singular race is divided into three different groups: mountain, forest, and fisher Lapps Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lapland and Lapps Lapland and Lapps … Catholic encyclopedia
Lapland — [lap′land΄] region of N Europe, including the N parts of Norway, Sweden, & Finland, & the NW extremity of European Russia, inhabited by the Lapps … English World dictionary
Lapland — /lap land /, n. a region in N Norway, N Sweden, N Finland, and the Kola Peninsula of the NW Russian Federation in Europe: inhabited by Lapps. * * * Region, northern Europe. Located within the Arctic Circle, it stretches across northern Norway,… … Universalium
Lapland Province — Infobox Lääni name=Lapland name fin=Lapin lääni/maakunta name swe=Lapplands län/landskap isocode=LL capital=Rovaniemi governor=Hannele Pokka historical=Laponia Österbotten Västerbotten regions=Lapland () arearank=1st/ area=98,946 areapercent=Not… … Wikipedia
Lapland War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Lapland War caption = German withdrawal From Finland 1944 partof=World War II place=Lapland, Finland date= October 1 1944 – April 25 1945 result=German strategic retreat combatant1 = flagicon|Germany|Nazi Nazi… … Wikipedia
LAPLAND — (28), a stretch of country in the N. of Europe, between the Atlantic and the White Sea; is divided between Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. Its climate is very severe; mountainous in the W., it becomes more level in the E., where are many… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Lapland — /ˈlæplænd/ (say lapland) noun a region inhabited by Sami in northern Norway, northern Sweden, northern Finland, and the Kola peninsula of north western Russia. –Laplander, noun … Australian English dictionary
Lapland — geographical name region N Europe above the Arctic Circle in N Norway, N Sweden, N Finland, & Kola Peninsula of Russia • Laplander noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
Lapland — Lap|land an area of northern Europe consisting of parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The people who live there are called Saami, though the old English name for them was Lapps. >Laplander n … Dictionary of contemporary English