- Flexible baton round
The flexible baton round is the trademarked name for a "bean bag round," a type of
shotgunshell used for semi-lethal apprehension of suspects.
A flexible baton round is the trademarked name for a "bean bag round." The flexible baton round consists of a small fabric “pillow” filled with #9 lead shot weighing about an ounce and a half. It is fired from a normal 12 gauge shotgun. When fired, the bag is expelled at around 70-90 meters/second; it spreads out in flight and distributes its impact over about 6 cm² of the target. It is designed to deliver a blow that will cause minimum long-term trauma and no penetration but will result in a muscle spasm or other reaction to briefly render a violent suspect immobile. The shotgun round is inaccurate over about 6 meters, has a maximum range of around 20 meters, and is unsafe to use from less than 3 meters.Changes to the bean bag round since its inception in the early 1970s have included a velocity reduction from 400 to 300 feet per secondcite web|url=http://www.policeone.com/writers/columnists/SteveIjames/articles/118328/ |title=In defense of the 12-gauge "bean bag" round |publisher=Policeone.com |date=August 29, 2005 |accessdate=2008-09-14] as well as a shift from the square shape to a more rounded sock shaped projectile. .
Shotguns dedicated to being used for bean bag rounds are often visibly modified with either yellow or green markings or bright orange stocks and stops to avoid the possibility of a user loading lethal munitions into the weapon or vice versa.
In British military and police usage, baton round is the designation used for plastic bullets.
"Bean bag" rounds are used when a person is a danger to himself or others. 50% of cases are when the assailant has a bladed weapon. Nearly half of the uses also involve a suicidal and armed individual. Bean bag rounds have caused around a death a year since their introduction in the UScite web|url=http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/206089.pdf |title=Impact Munitions Use: Types, Targets, Effects |date= |format=PDF |accessdate=2008-09-14]
A flexible baton round can severely injure or kill in a wide variety of ways. A baton round can hit the chest, break the ribs and send the broken ribs into the heart. A shot to the head can break the nose, crush the larynx or even break the neck or skull of the subject. This is why many officers are taught to aim for the extremities when using a bean bag round. A strike in the abdominal area can cause internal bleeding or strike the
solar plexuswhich can disrupt breathing or heartbeat, but such a hit is generally safer than most other areas as well as presenting a larger target than an extremity. Fatalities are occasionally the result of mistaking other shotgun rounds for bean bags.
In movies and television
Bean-bag rounds have been used in many movies and a few TV shows. They are usually portrayed as an always safe non-lethal weapon.
In the movie "
The Rundown", the protagonist is shot with flexible-baton rounds to subdue him.
In "", Johnny Knoxville is shot in the stomach with a bean-bag round.
In an episode of the television series "24", Jack Bauer uses a bean-bag round to subdue a terrorist.
In episode 1 of the Australian police drama Rush, Constable Michael Sandrelli uses two bean bag rounds to subdue a charging man wielding a machete, as well as in episode 4 to stop a burglar.
In the movie "
Inside Man", bank-robbers are dressed identically to their hostages, so the police decide to shoot everyone with bean-bag rounds.
In the movie "
The Last Castle", beanbags are used to keep prisoners under control, and even to kill a prisoner by a shot to the head.
In the movie "The Hunter", bounty hunter Papa Thorson subdues a burly bail jumper with a large bean-bag round.
In the movie "Phone Booth", the main character is shot by what turns out to be a non-lethal round at the climax of the film; the bruise left by the impact is large and diffuse, indicating a bean-bag round, although (probably for clarity) the chief tells him it was a
rubber bullet. (*Note: Ammunitions mfgr Sellier and Berlot markets a 12g less-lethal round that uses 2 large rubber balls. There are police-grade rubber slugs available as 12g cartridges for situations where a hostile criminal can be taken alive, and which would fit the description of the projectile and its wound/welt shown in Phone Booth. Some variation of these rubber slugs were used in the Baker Park riots in California in recent history.)
* [http://www.slate.com/id/2165735/ What's a Socklike Projectile?] Slate,
May 7, 2007.
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