- Abortion in the Czech Republic
Abortion in the Czech Republic is legally allowed up to 12 weeks of
pregnancy, with medical indications up to 24 weeks of pregnancy, in case of grave problems with fetusat any time. Those performed for medical indications are covered by public health insurance, but, otherwise abortionis relatively affordable in the Czech Republic. In Czech, induced abortion is referred to as "interupce" or "umělé přerušení těhotenství", often incorrectly "potrat" ("miscarriage").
1957abortions were legalized in Czechoslovakia, although with restrictions that depended on the current policy of the government. In 1986the restrictions were lifted resulting in growth the number of abortions. Since 1993, abortions for non-medical reasons have not paid for by the public health system. The absolute peak of the number of abortions was reached in 1990at over 100,000 per year, but has declined steadily down since then, reaching less than 1/3 of the peak level in 2004. Reasons for this decrease have included the wider availability of contraceptions and better sex education.
Total number of abortions in 2006 was 40,000 of which 13,300 were spontaneous abortions, 25,400 induced abortions (historically the lowest number ever) of which 77% were "mini-interruptions" (within 8 weeks of pregnancy). 1,300 ectopic pregnancies were aborted. Total abortions per woman is 0.53, induced abortions is 0.34. [cite web|url=http://www.czso.cz/csu/csu.nsf/informace/coby032207.doc|title=Population movement in the Czech republic in 2006|language=Czech|accessdate=2007-08-04|publisher=
Czech Statistical Office]
Regionally, the highest abortion ratio is in northern and north-western
Bohemiadue the structure of the population (in 2002 in Tachov District31.3% of abortions were induced). The lowest ratios are in rural districts of southern Moraviaand Czech-Moravian Highlands(in 2002 in Žďár nad Sázavou District15.5% of abortions were induced). [cite web|title=Regional ratios of induced abortions in 2002|url=http://www.czso.cz/csu/2004edicniplan.nsf/t/E50044958A/$File/402804m2.pdf] [cite web|title=Regional ratios of induced abortions in 2006|url=http://aktualne.centrum.cz/domaci/spolecnost/foto.phtml?id=99998&cid=478979] Abortion ratios in large industrial cities are generally higher compared to small towns and the countryside.
Married women form the largest segment but their ratio is decreasing in favour of unmarried young women. Women with tertiary level of education have about 6% of induced abortions. After 1995 over 5% of the women are foreigners living in the Czech Republic. Official statistics about
abortion tourism(mainly from neighbouring Polandwhere legal induced abortion is strictly limited) do not exist but the numbers are estimated to be low.
The public in the Czech Republic generally supports the legality of abortion. This has been confirmed by a number of
*An April 2003 CDC/ORC Macro report examined opinions on abortion among women aged 15 to 44, asking, "Do you think that a woman always has the right to decide about her pregnancy, including whether to have an abortion?" In 1993, 85% of Czechs surveyed thought a woman always had the right to an abortion and 15% did not. Of those 15%, 91% believed abortion was acceptable in cases of life endangerment, 74% in cases of fetal defects, 72% in cases of risk to health, 71% in cases of rape, 16% if the family could not financially support a child, and 8% if the woman was unmarried. [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ORC Macro. (2003). [http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pub_details.cfm?ID=410&srchTp=advanced Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health in Eastern Europe and Eurasia: A Comparative Report] . Retrieved February 12, 2007.]
* A May 2005
Euro RSCG/TNS Sofres poll examined attitudes toward abortion in 10 European countries, asking polltakers whether they agreed with the statement, "If a woman doesn't want children, she should be allowed to have an abortion". 66% of Czechsreplied "very much", 15% replied "a little", 8% replied "not really", and replied 10% "not at all". Support for the availability of abortion in the Czech Republic, at 81%, was the highest out of all the nations featured in the poll. [TNS Sofres. (May 2005). [http://www.thebrusselsconnection.be/tbc/upload/attachments/European%20Values%20Overall%20EN.pdf European Values] . Retrieved January 11, 2007.]
*A May 2007 CVVM poll found that 72% of Czechs believe that abortion should be allowed "at the request of the woman", 19% that it should be allowed for "societal reasons", 5% that it should be allowed only if "a woman’s health is at risk", 1% that it should be "banned". [" [http://www.angus-reid.com/polls/index.cfm/fuseaction/viewItem/itemID/16054 Most in Czech Republic Support Abortion Rights] ." (June 10, 2007). "Angus Reid Global Monitor". Retrieved June 20, 2007.]
Religion and abortion
(all texts in Czech language)
* [http://www.czso.cz/csu/edicniplan.nsf/o/4028-04--uvod Legal details]
* Abortion statistics: [http://www.czso.cz/cz/cisla/0/02/020100/potraty.htm overview] , [http://www.czso.cz/csu/2004edicniplan.nsf/publ/4028-04- detailed] .
* [http://web.mvcr.cz/rs_atlantic/ftp/sbirka/1986/sb22-86.pdf Text of current abortion law] (PDF)
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