- Cairn O' Mounth
Cairn O' Mounth/Cairn O' Mount ( _gd. Càrn Mhon) is a high
mountainpass in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. [Skene, 1867] The place name is a survival of the ancient name for what are now the Grampian Mountains, earlier called "the Mounth" (in Gaelic: "monadh", meaning " moorland"). The name change happened from circa 1520 AD. The Ordnance Surveyshows the name as "Cairn o' Mount".
Cairn O' Mounth is at 1488 feet (454 m) above
mean sea level, [Scottish Mountaineering Club, 1920] and there are various commanding views of the surrounding landscape which extend as far as the North Sea.
Before the modern
A90 roadwas constructed, the pass served as one of the eight major crossing points for those travelling over the Grampians to Deesideand into Northern Scotland; this entire crossing trackwayis historically known as the " Cairnamounth". C. Michael Hogan has noted that the alignment of the Cairnamounth trackwayinfluenced ancient and medievalsiting decisions for various castles, fortifications and other settlements in this region. [Hogan, 2007] Deriving from this theory, a small villagegrew up in the pass. The high granite torof Clachnabenoverlooks the road (now called the B974 road) through the pass. The Scottish Tourist Boarddescribes the modern B974 as an "adventurous" road, and it is often impassable due to snow or flooding in winter. Despite this, it is said that the [http://www.allans.org/Terry/Places/Scotland/Aberdeenshire/Clatterin/Clatterin.html Clatterin' Brig] restaurant on the south B974 ascent to Cairn O'Mounth is open all year round. In the summer fatalities are commonly reported in the press.
The presence of the
mountain passhistorically boosted the fortunes of the Howe o' the Mearns, a fertile area commanding the rough drovers roadsknown as the cairnamounth, approaching the Cairn O'Mounth pass from the south. Once over the top, on the northern side the road descends to the Bridge of Dye(or "Brig O' Dye"), and then proceeds to the drovers' favoured rest stop of Kincardine O'Neilvillage.
The Cairn O'Mounth pass was used by Edward I's English army in
1296 AD, en route back to England. The route over the pass is probably prehistoric: there is a cairnin the pass that has been dated to approximately 2000 BC. It is possible that this cairn is the one named in the name of Cairn O'Mounth.
* Scottish Mountaineering Club, "Scottish Mountaineering Club Journal", 1920
* C. Michael Hogan, "Elsick Mounth", The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=18037]
* William Forbes Skene, "Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots, and Other Early Memorials", 1867, H. M. General Register, Scotland, 499 pages
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mounth — The Mounth is the range of hills on the southern edge of Strathdee in northeast Scotland. It was usually referred to with the article, i.e. the Mounth . The name is a corruption of the Scottish Gaelic monadh which in turn is akin to the Welsh… … Wikipedia
Cairn (disambiguation) — A cairn is an artificial pile of stones, often in a conical form.Cairn may also refer to:* Cairn Terrier * Cairn Magazine * Cairn Energy * Cairn Hill * Carn Clonhugh * Cairn O Mounth * Cairn Toul * Cairnryan * Cairn Valley Light Railway * Cairn… … Wikipedia
Cairn Mon Earn — is a mountain peak in Aberdeenshire, Scotland in the Mounth region of the Grampian Mountains. [United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map Landranger 45, Stonehaven and Banchory, 1:50,000 scale, 2004] The peak elevation of this mountain is 378 metres… … Wikipedia
Ballater — Coordinates: 57°02′41″N 3°02′58″W / 57.0448°N 3.04942°W / 57.0448; 3.04942 … Wikipedia
River Dee, Aberdeenshire — For other places with the same name, see River Dee (disambiguation). River Dee (Uisge Dè) River … Wikipedia
Marr — For other uses, see Marr (disambiguation). Map of Scotland showing the present day committee area of Marr Marr is one of six committee areas in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, bordering Atholl, Badenoch, Gowrie, The Mearns, Banff and Buchan.[ … Wikipedia
Clachnaben — from Glen Dye Elevation 589 m (1,932 ft) … Wikipedia
Balmoral Castle — South front of Balmoral Castle Location: Royal Deeside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland Coord … Wikipedia
Crathes Castle — Part of Aberdeenshire Near Banchory, Aberdeenshire, Scotland … Wikipedia
Craigievar Castle — Location of Craigievar Castle within Aberdeenshire. Craigievar Castle is a pinkish … Wikipedia