- My Tho
Thành phố Mỹ Tho
Coordinates: Country Vietnam Province Tien Giang Area – Total 30.8 sq mi (79.8 km2) Population – Total 215,000 Website Thành phố Mỹ Tho
My Tho was founded in the 1680s by Chinese refugees fleeing Taiwan when the general of the Qing Dynasty Shi Lang defeated the remnants of Southern Ming Dynasty in 1683. The area, at the time, was once part of the Khmer kingdom and it was annexed to Vietnam in the 18th century. The city is named after the River My Tho, which means Beautiful (My) Reed (Tho) .
Due to its proximity to Saigon, My Tho was the traditional gateway to the Mekong Delta. In the 17th century, the city had become one of the biggest commercial hubs in today's Southern Vietnam.
In 1860s, My Tho, along with Saigon, was a major strategic city during the French colonial campaign towards Vietnam. In 1862, French's capture of My Tho is regarded as a conclusion to the establishment of the French colony of Cochinchina, a development that inaugurated nearly a century of French colonial dominance in Vietnam.
During the colonization period, the economy continued to prosper, attracting more immigrants, mainly from Teochew and Minnan. In 1876, My Tho Province was established as one of 6 provinces in the southeast of Vietnam.
Today the economy is based on tourism, fishing, and agricultural products such as coconuts, bananas, longans. During World War II The French Vichy Government interned foreign nationals in My Tho. In May, 1945, the Japanese seized control of the camps fearing an allied attack. The foreign nationals were confined throughout the war but their treatment was benign compared to other camps in Southeast Asia.
Mỹ Tho is famous for its noodle soup Hu Tieu My Tho, (more common in South Vietnam is Hu Tieu Nam Vang - literally Hu Tieu Phnom Penh Style). Hu Tieu My Tho is typically a clear pork broth with rice vermicelli and wheat flour noodles (mi) combined. Sliced pork, meaty pork bones, offal such as intestines, liver, and heart and fresh shrimp, and possibly deep fried wonton. The soup is then garnished by the diner to the individual taste with salad leaves, garlic chives, beans sprouts, lime, fresh chili, soy sauce, and vinegar. The noodles can be served dry with the soup on the side, or as a noodle soup.
Also famous in My Tho is Bo Vien or beef balls. There are very busy stalls near the My Tho market that serve only Bo Vien in beef broth or with Hu Tieu noodle. It is eaten with very hot chili sauce (tuong ot).
As the regional capital My Tho is the main market dealing in all the produce from the region as well as fish and seafood from My Tho's large ocean-going fishing fleet. The very large and exuberant market is one of South Vietnam's biggest sources for dried fish and other dried seafood products such as Kho Muc (dried squid). At night the market is dedicated to the dealing and sorting of Mekong River fish, particularly catfish for Ho Chi Minh City's wholesale markets. Produce, especially fruit and vegetables, is delivered by boat directly to the market.
It is a popular starting point for tourists to take a boat trip on the Mekong River.
My Tho is the subject of "The Lesson", a chapter in a memoir of the Vietnam War by Tobias Woolf, In Pharoah's Army: Memories of the Lost War, describing the events of the 1968 Tet Offensive there.
Notable people from My Tho
- Nguyễn Thị Thập - Chairman of the Women's Federation of Vietnam (Hội liên hiệp phụ nữ Việt Nam) from 1956–1974
- General Nguyen Khanh - former Prime Minister, General and Ambassador of South Vietnam.
- Thach Thi Ngoc - former member of the South Vietnamese Olympic Team from 1966-1968.
- Madame Nguyen Van Thieu, the last serving First Lady of South Vietnam from 1967 to 1975 and wife of the President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu.
Cities in Vietnam Centrally-controlled citiesSpecial-class1st-class Provincial cities1st-class2nd-class3rd-classBac Lieu • Bac Giang • Bac Ninh • Bao Loc • Ben Tre • Cao Lanh • Cam Ranh • Dong Ha • Dong Hoi • Dien Bien Phu • Ha Tinh • Hoa Binh • Hoi An • Hung Yen • Kon Tum • Lang Son • Lao Cai • Mong Cai • Ninh Binh • Phan Rang-Thap Cham • Phu Ly • Quang Ngai • Rach Gia • Soc Trang • Son La • Tam Ky • Tan An • Thai Binh • Tra Vinh • Tuy Hoa • Tuyen Quang • Vi Thanh • Vinh Long • Vinh Yen • Yen Bai
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tho Pa Ga — Cala Millor et Tho Pa Ga dans le port d Ibiza Autres noms Tres Hernanos (1924 1930) Cala Tuent (1930 1978) … Wikipédia en Français
Tho — puede referirse a: T Hó, ciudad maya, antecedente de la ciudad de Mérida (Yucatán), México. Pájaro Tho, ave que habita en México y Centroamérica desde la Península de Yucatán hasta Costa Rica, científicamente llamada Eumomota superciliosa. Cần… … Wikipedia Español
Tho Chau — Island or Tho Chu Island (Vietnamese Thổ Châu or Thổ Chu ) is Vietnam s furthest island from its shore.In 1977, during the Cambodian Vietnamese War, Khmer Rouge forces attacked and occupied the island for a short time before Vietnam reclaimed it… … Wikipedia
Tho — Tho, pron. pl. Those. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] This knowen tho that be to wives bound. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Tho — Tho, adv. [AS. [thorn][=a].] Then. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] To do obsequies as was tho the guise. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
tho|rax — «THR aks, THOHR », noun, plural tho|rax|es, tho|ra|ces «THR uh seez, THOHR ». 1. the part o the body between the neck and the abdomen. A man s chest is his thorax. The thorax contains the chief organs of circulation and respiration. 2. the second … Useful english dictionary
Tho — ([th][=o]), def. art. The. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Tho — Tho, conj. Though. [Reformed spelling.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Tho Xuan — ( vi. Thọ Xuân) is a district ( huyện ) of Thanh Hoa Province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam … Wikipedia
tho — [thō] conj., adv. phonetic sp. of THOUGH … English World dictionary
Tho — Tho, japanischer Name für China … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon