infobox UK place
country = England
population = 99,876 [ [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=8271&More=Y 2001 urban areas headcounts] ] (2001)
region= East of England
postcode_district= SS13, SS14, SS15, SS16
Basildon (pronEng|ˈbæzɪldən) is a New Town located in south
Essex, Englandat coord|51|34|34|N|0|29|19|E|. It was designated as a New Town after World War IIin 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. Basildon was created from four small villages; Pitsea, Laindon, Basildonand Vange. The larger Basildon district was formed in 1974 by the Local Government Act of 1972, and includes two neighbouring towns Billericayand Wickford, as well as rural villages and smaller settlements set among the surrounding countryside.
The first historical reference to Basildon is in records from 1086. It is mentioned in the
Domesday Bookas 'Belesduna'. [cite web | title = National Archive Summary Record for Basildon | publisher = nationalarchives.gov.uk | date= November 2006 | url = http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?Edoc_Id=7568162&queryType=1&resultcount=1
format = HTML | accessdate = 2006-11-08]
The name 'Basildon' means 'Beorhtel's hill' and is derived from the Anglo-Saxon personal name 'Beorhtel' and the Anglo-Saxon word 'dun', meaning hill. In historical documents, this name had various forms over the centuries, including Berdlesdon, Batlesdon & Belesduna.
The constituency of Basildon is considered a barometer of public opinion in
General Elections. The results of the constituency elections have been the same as the overall result of general elections since 1974.
History and politics came together in 1989 when the newly re-opened Towngate Theatre commissioned a community play from
Arnold Weskerfor the town's 40th anniversary. He chose to create a potted history of Basildon called "Beorhtel's Hill", which referred either to a Saxon hero Beorhtel or, more likely, to a version of the word "bright". (then see "dun" = "hill", above). It was generally very positive about the place and the way it has always been a haven and a "bright hill" for different generations, and to "strangers in our midst". It was quite gentle, a little sentimental, tremendously heartfelt (by the 100 or so members of the community who put it on). But it also said some uncomfortable things about the dyed-in-the-wool racism of politicians in the 1970s and this inevitably led to some controversy.
A significant number of residents commute to
London, which is assisted by excellent transport links to the city by rail and by road.
The London, Tilbury & Southend line transects the south of the town. The line is operated by
c2cand there are three train stations in the town: Pitsea railway station, Basildon railway station[ Railway service started in the nineteenth century to Pitsea (1856) and Laindon (1888). Later, proposals to provide service to the New Town of Basildon were shelved for many years, because of concerns that it would simply become a commuter suburb of London. The objections were eventually overcome, and the new station at Basildon finally opened in 1974.] and Laindon railway station. This line connects Basildon to central London via London Fenchurch Streetby rail. From Basildon, Fenchurch street can be reached in 35 minutes, Southend in around 20. Basildon is well situated for access into Central London.
On the north side of the town, the
A127Southend Arterial Road is next to Basildon and on the south side is the A13. The A13 allows easy access to the M25 and the rest of the motorway network, placing Stansted within 36 miles (58 km), Gatwick within 51 (82 km) and London City Airport just 25 miles (40 km). The A127 and the A13 are both important commuter trunk roads to London and the M25 and in addition, link the town to Southend. Locally, the A13 gives easier access to Pitsea and Vange and the A127 gives more convenient access to the town centre and Laindon. Within the town, many main road names have include, 'mayne,' in their name. "Broadmayne" goes through the town. There is also a "Nethermayne" to the west and "Southmayne" to the south, along with 'East Mayne' and 'West Mayne'.
Buses provide a local form of
public transportand also connect Basildon to nearby towns, such as the District towns of Billericayand Wickford, which although they both have their own rail service on the Shenfield to Southend Lineof the Great Eastern Main Linefrom London Liverpool Street Station, are difficult to reach directly from Basildon by rail. First Essex Buses Ltd is the dominant bus operator in the town.
The town centre boasts many high street chainstores and independent local retailers. As well as shops and coffee houses in East Walk there is the Eastgate Shopping Centre which is also situated in the Town Centre, home to over 100 retailers including one of the largest Debenhams department stores in the UK. Further outlets can be found at Westgate Shopping park and there is also a pavement market selling fresh fruit and vegetables, clothing and household goods.
There are several secondary schools in the Basildon District:
Barstable School(federated with Chalvedon School)
Chalvedon School(federated with Barstable School)
De La Salle School
James Hornsby High School
Mayflower High School
* Woodlands School
Barstable School & Chalvedon School became federated in 2005 to become
The Federation Of Barstable & Chalvedon School. This was initiated by the need to stabilise and improve Barstable School's reputation as a good secondary school.POV-statement|date=December 2007
Heiligenhaus( Germany) [ [http://www.basildon.gov.uk/80256B7C004D0BCB/vWeb/wpEFEN6ABEGA Basildon Council - Basildon's Twin Towns, Heiligenhaus & Meaux ] ]
Meaux( France) [ [http://www.basildon.gov.uk/80256B7C004D0BCB/vWeb/wpEFEN6ABEGA Basildon Council - Basildon's Twin Towns, Heiligenhaus & Meaux ] ]
The New Town included a large industrial estate which attracted manufacturing plants. This included the defence division of STC and the transfer from Dagenham of the Ford tractor factory, now Case New Holland (CNH). Basildon District is a prosperous business location and has in recent years seen significant inward investment and jobs growth. Throughout Basildon there are major developments planned estimated to total nearly £2 billion. These include:
*The regeneration of
Basildon, Pitseaand LaindonTown Centres
*A new Sporting Village and improvements to playing pitches and sports facilities throughout the District to make Basildon the Centre for Sport in South Essex
*The creation of a health and education research centre near Basildon and Thurrock University Hospital and FE College
*Investment in the Basildon Enterprise Corridor, the largest business area in the Thames Gateway outside of London, home to 45,000 jobs and over 5,000 businesses, including Ford, Selex, Visteon, Case New Holland, First Data Europe,
International Financial Data Services Limited (IFDS), RBS, and Starbucks
*The creation of one of the largest wetland nature reserves in Europe in the Thames Marshes by the RSPB, Land Restoration Trust, Basildon District Council and Veolia
*A strategic review of the District's housing, with investment in housing estates such as Craylands, Five Links and Felmores to create first class places to live
Coordinating and promoting this programme of investment is the
Basildon Renaissance Partnershipwhich was set up in 2003 by Basildon District Council. Its partners also include the East of England Development Agency, English Partnerships, Essex County Council, and the Thames Gateway South Essex Partnershipwith support from the Department for Communities and Local Government.
Festival Leisure Park
Festival Leisure Park is a trading
leisure parklocated in the north of Basildon. It is owned by Norwich Union. [cite web | title = Leisure real estate market makes waves (appeared in Property Week February 1998) | publisher = davidlawson.co.uk | date= November 2006 | url = http://www.davidlawson.co.uk/Files/LEIS_FE8.htm
format = HTML | accessdate = 2006-11-08] The Festival Leisure Park includes several restaurants, a bowling and arcade centre, two hotels, a twelve screen cinema, two premium health clubs while the green acres of Gloucester Park with its lakes, is just a short stroll away. Festival Leisure Park is affectionately known locally as Bas Vegas. [cite web | title = Viva Baz Vegas | publisher = Queen Bee: www.jour.city.ac.uk/queenbeemag/ | date= November 2006 | url = http://www.jour.city.ac.uk/queenbeemag/www/pages/features_essex2.html
format = HTML | accessdate = 2006-11-08]
In popular culture
The Festival Leisure Park in Basildon is known as 'Bas Vegas' in popular street culture, mainly due to
Big Brotherwinner Brian Belo (see 'Famous Basildonians') constantly referring to his home town using this name. In fact the term Bas Vegas was coined by local website Basildoneye. A site that started in 2001. Basildon has also been mentioned a few times in film and television, most notably in the film Love Actually, where one character states he lives there, On the Buses, where on many occasions references to Iris from Basildon was mentioned, EastEnders, where some characters frequently refer to moving there and They Think It's All Overwhen Jonathan Rossstated that cricketer Nasser Hussain'lives in a flat above a chip shop in Basildon'.
Basildon was also mentioned in
Russell Brand's autobiography, My Booky Wookas he is from the neighbouring area Grays.
Also, on Thursday
20 March 2007, BBC Radio 2 DJChris Evans mentioned 'Bas Vegas' in a message and stated that he likes it.
James Tomkins (footballer)– Defender for West Ham United FC
* Brian Belo – Big Brother 2007 winner
Stuart Bingham– 1996 Amateur Snooker World Champion, currently ranked in the top 20 players in the world
Darren Caskey– ex- Tottenham Hotspur F.C.and Reading F.C.football player.
Rob Denmark– Gold medallist at 1994 Commonwealth Games in the 5000 metres
Depeche Mode– an influential English electronic music band was formed in 1980 in Basildon.
** Andrew Fletcher
Vince Clarke(currently a member of Erasure)
Perry Bamonte(ex-guitarist, The Cure)
*Iron Maiden – early
hard rockband, not linked to the current band of the same name.
Michael Kightly– footballer with Wolverhampton Wanderers, previously with Southend United and Grays Athletic
Eamonn Martin– Marathon runner & 1993 London Marathon winner
QBoy– UK's leading gay rapper
Scott Robinsonfrom Five (band)
Joan Sims– Star of the Carry On films
Georgie Smith– ex-Light-welterweight boxing champion
Kara Tointon– Actress who plays Dawn Swann in EastEndersand also appeared in the film The Football Factory
Denise Van Outen– TV hostess, born at Basildon Hospital but never lived at a Basildon address.
Nathaniel Woodard, educationalist
Keith Chapman– Creator of Bob The Builder.
Blinks– Hip Hop/Neo-Soul Recording Artist
Alison Moyet– Singer with Yazoo. Now a solo artist.
* Ollie Flynn - 30 km Race walker : 1978 Commonwealth Games winner
Jay Howard- Race car driver
Terry Marsh- Boxer. He is the only English boxer ever to retire as an undefeated World Champion.
* [http://www.basildon.com/index.html Basildon History]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Basildon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Basildon Basildon … Wikipedia Español
Basildon — Plaza Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Basildon — [ bæzldən], Stadt in der County Essex, England, östlich von London, 100 900 Einwohner; Wirtschaft: vielseitige Industrie in drei Industrieparks, Traktorenwerk. Geschichte: Basildon wurde 1949 zur New Town bestimmt … Universal-Lexikon
Basildon — [baz′əl dən] city in Essex, SE England: county district pop. 161,000 … English World dictionary
Basildon — 51° 34′ 34″ N 0° 29′ 19″ E / 51.5761, 0.4886 … Wikipédia en Français
Basildon — /bay zeuhl deuhn, baz euhl /, n. a town in S Essex, in SE England: designated as a model residential community after World War II. 138,100. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom new town, Basildon district, administrative and historic county of… … Universalium
Basildon — 1 Original name in latin Basildon Name in other language Basildon, Bazildon, Bazildonas, Bazildun, ba xi er deng, baejildeon, bzyldwn, Базилдон, Базилдън, Басилдон State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.56844 latitude 0.45782… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Basildon — geographical name town SE England in Essex population 157,500 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Basildon — noun A new town in Essex, England … Wiktionary
Basildon — ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en el SE de Inglaterra, condado de Essex; 152 301 h … Enciclopedia Universal