company_name = Skanska AB
company_type = Public (OMX|SSE283|SKA B)
foundation = 1877
location = Solna,
key_people = Johan Karlström (President and CEO), Sverker Martin-Löf (Chairman of the board)
products = Residential, commercial and
revenue = SEK 138,781 million (2007)cite web |url=http://www.skanska.com/upload/Investors/Reports/2007/annual_report/skanska_annual_report_2007.pdf |title=Annual Report 2007 |accessdate=2008-04-15 |publisher=Skanska]
net_income = profit SEK 5,667 million (2007)
num_employees= 60,430 (2007)
homepage = [http://www.skanska.com/ www.skanska.com]
Skanska, is a multinational
constructionand development company based in Sweden, where it is also the largest construction company.
Aktiebolaget Skånska Cementgjuteriet was established in 1887 and started by manufacturing concrete products. It quickly diversified into a construction company and within 10 years the company received its first international order. The company played an important role in building up Sweden’s infrastructure including roads, power plants, offices and housing.
Swedenwas followed by international expansion. In the mid 1950s Skånska Cementgjuteriet made a major move into international markets. During the next decades it entered South America, Africaand Asia, and in 1971 the United Statesmarket, where it today ranks among the largest in its sector. The company was listed on the Stockholm Stock ExchangeA-list in 1965. In 1984 the name “Skanska”, already in general use internationally, became the Group’s official name.During the latter part of the 1990s, Skanska initiated its most expansive phase ever. Sales doubled in only a few years. While the major portion of this growth was organic, a string of successful acquisitions also paved the way for Skanska’s growth into a global company.
Skanska is a local player in many countries. Primary markets are the Nordic region, the U.S.,
United Kingdom, Central Europeand Latin America. The Group’s operations are based on local business units, which have good knowledge of their respective markets, customers and suppliers. These local units are backed by Skanska’s common values, procedures, financial strength and Groupwide experience. Skanska is thereby both a local construction company with global strength and an international builder with strong local roots. Skanska has constructed the new public hospital in Malta, a project which cost around $USD 1 billion.
Skanska’s mission is to develop, build and maintain the physical environment for living, traveling and working. Skanska aims to be a leader in its home markets. Today Skanska operates in four business streams; construction, residential development, commercial development and infrastructure development. The company’s overall goal is to generate customer and shareholder value. Projects are the core of Group operations and value is generated in well-implemented and profitable projects. Generally, there are several thousand ongoing projects.
Skanska has a common set of values world wide and are published in their Code of Conduct
Revenue in 2006 amounted to SEK 125.6 billion. Skanska Group operating income totaled SEK 4.985 billion, and after-tax profit was SEK 3.655 billion. Earnings per share amounted to SEK 8.68. The Group had 2006 an average of 56,805 employees. The Skanska Group has its head quarter in Solna,
In mid 2004, Skanska decided to divest its Asian investments, which had been acquired indirectly, and sold its Indian subsidiary to the
Thailandbased construction firm Italian Thai Development Company.
In 2008, Skanska was chosen as a construction manager for the
Madison Square Garden's renovation project. [http://nyrej.com/25389]
Bribes scandal in Argentina
In 2005 Skanska was the subject of an official investigation by Argentinian tax enforcement office (AFIP) in which Skansa responsibles in Buenos Aires finally admitted having paid bribes to government officials. Skanska was building part of two gas pipelines, and in what still is an open investigation and a high profile case in
Argentina, involving influential Planning and Public Investment Minister Julio de Vido, it is believed Skanska paid bribes for the amount of up to 17 million US dollars. As a consequence of the scandal, Skanska finally fired its Latin American CEO and 6 other executives, and launched an internal audit that has been provided to all the Argentine authorities for their use in the investigation. Skanska is still committed to the Latin American market. [http://english.pravda.ru/world/americas/20-03-2007/88460-argentina-0] [http://www.clarin.com/diario/2007/04/26/elpais/p-00503.htm]
Refusal to Offer Same-Sex Benefits in Washington State
In 2008 Skanska USA was denied bidding in the construction of a new city hall in Olympia, Washington. The city of Olympia's laws governing contracts mandates that if a company wishes to do business with the city, and offers benefits to heterosexual couples, they must also extend those benefits to same-sex couples. Skanska refused to sign an affidavit to that effect, and was subsequently cut out of the bidding process. [http://www.theolympian.com/southsound/story/484208.html]
Major projects have included
30 St Mary Axein Londoncompleted in 2004.Skanska is currently constructing Heron Towerin London, which will be 246m when complete, the tallest in the City of London and the UK, before being soon overtaken by Bishopsgate Towerand London Bridge Tower. Heron Tower is to be completed by early 2011.
* [http://www.skanska.com/ Skanska AB's official website]
* [http://www.skanska.co.uk/ Skanska UK's official website]
* [http://www.usa.skanska.com/ Skanska USA's official website]
* [http://upsidedownworld.org/main/content/view/972/1/ An article on Skanska's real policy]
* [http://www.usatoday.com/money/companies/management/2007-08-19-advice_N.htm Q&A with Skanska's American CEO]
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