Peary Land

Peary Land

Peary Land is a peninsula in northern Greenland, extending into the Arctic Ocean. It reaches from Victoria Fjord in the west to Independence Fjord in the south and southeast, and to the Arctic Ocean in the north, with Cape Morris Jesup, the northernmost point of Greenland's mainland, and Cape Bridgman in the northeast. It is bounded by Lincoln Sea (west of Cape Morris Jesup) and Wandel Sea of the Arctic Ocean in the north. Oodaaq island, the northernmost point of land of the world, lies off the north coast. Frederick E. Hyde Fjord, which cuts into Peary Land from the east 150 km deep, divides it into Northern Peary Land and Southern Peary Land. The coastline is deeply indented by smaller fjords.

Peary Land belongs to the county of Avannaa (North Greenland). It is not part of any municipality, but is part of the Northeast Greenland National Park.

The size of the region is about 375 km east-west and 200 km north-south, with an estimated area of 57 000 km². It is only a bit more than 700 km south of the North Pole. The area is mountainous, with elevations to 1 950 m in the heavily glaciated Roosevelt Range and to comparable heights in the little-explored H.H. Benedict Range. It is free of Greenland's inland ice cap. Being mostly north of the 82°N parallel, it contains the most northerly ice-free region of the world, mostly in Southern Peary Land (such as Melville Land just north of the Independence Fjord. Precipitation levels are so low (only about 25 to 200 mm per year, all as snow) that it is called a polar desert. It was not covered by glaciers during the most recent ice age. However, in its western part, there is a local icecap, Hans Tausen Icecap, with ice at least 344 m thick.

Caribou and musk oxen are supported by the sparse vegetation, which covers only about 5% of the surface, and which includes 33 species of flowering plants. Other fauna includes arctic fox, polar wolf, polar bear, and arctic hare.

One to two million years ago, when climates were warmer, trees such as larch, black spruce, birch, yew, and thuja grew in the northernmost Peary Land.

The area is named after Robert E. Peary, who first explored it during his expedition of 1891 to 1892.

There are two Arctic research stations on Jørgen Brønlund Fjord, Brønlundhus (erected in 1948) and Kap Harald Moltke (erected in 1972). Both stations were built on initiative of Eigil Knuth, and have been the basis for many scientific expeditions. Kap Harald Moltke station was built later in connection with use of the natural runway east of Jørgen Brønlund Fjord mouth. [] . The stations located 10 km from each other on either side of the fjord, with Brønlundhus on the western side, and communication between them in summer is by boat, depending on ice conditions. Since the death of Eigil Knuth, the stations are administered by Peary Land Foundation. Today, Brønlundhus can be characterised as a museum, with a collection of artefacts from polar explorations.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peary Land — ▪ region, Greenland       region, northern Greenland, extending about 200 miles (320 km) east and west along the Arctic Ocean, between Victoria Fjord and the Greenland Sea. One of the northernmost land regions of the world, ending at Cape Morris… …   Universalium

  • Peary Land — geographical name region N Greenland on Arctic Ocean …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Peary Land — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peary — may refer to:* Peary (crater), the closest large lunar impact crater to the lunar north pole * Peary Caribou, a caribou subspecies * USS Peary (DD 226), a Clemson class destroyerPeople named Peary:* Danny Peary (born 1949), American film critic… …   Wikipedia

  • Peary —   [ pɪərɪ], Robert Edwin, amerikanischer Nordpolarforscher, * Cresson Springs (Pa.) 6. 5. 1856, ✝ Washington (D. C.) 20. 2. 1920; erforschte seit 1886 Grönland und stellte 1901 durch Umfahrung im Norden dessen Inselnatur fest. Er erforschte 1905… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Peary, Robert Edwin — ▪ American explorer born May 6, 1856, Cresson, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 20, 1920, Washington, D.C.  U.S. Arctic explorer usually credited with leading the first expedition to reach the North Pole (1909).       Peary entered the U.S. Navy in 1881 and… …   Universalium

  • Tierra de Peary — La Tierra de Peary localización en Groenlandia. Mapa señalando los ámbitos de l …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of land mammals of Nunavut — This article contains non English characters and may require the use of special fonts available [ here] Nunavut has several species of land mammals, of which the Inuit found use for almost all. The larger …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Peary — For United States Navy ships named after Robert Peary, see USS Robert E. Peary. Rear Admiral Robert Peary Peary in naval uniform circa 1910 Born May 6, 1856(1856 05 06) …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Peary — Robert E. Peary (1856–1920) Robert Edwin Peary (* 6. Mai 1856 in Cresson, Pennsylvania; † 20. Februar 1920 in Washington (D.C.)) war ein US amerikanischer Ingenieur und Polarforscher. Er behauptete, im Jahre 1909 als erster Mensch den Nordpol… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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