- Safari park
A safari park is a
zoo-like commercial tourist attraction where visitors can drive in their own vehicles and observe the wildlife, rather than viewing animals in cages or small enclosures. The main attraction is large animals from Sub-Saharan Africa such as giraffes, lions, rhinoceros, elephants, zebras, and antelope.A safari park, while larger than a zoo, is usually a very small area compared to game reserves in Africa. For example, African Lion Safarinear Cambridge, Ontario, Canada is 750 acres, or 3 square kilometers. For comparison, Lake Nakuruin the Rift Valley, is 168 square kilometers, and a typical large game reserve is Tsavo East, also in Kenya, which encompasses 11,747 square kilometers.
Safari parks often have other associated tourist attractions: golf courses, carnival rides, miniature trains, and gift shops.
The predecessor of safari parks is
Africa U.S.A. Park(1953-1961) located in Florida.
liondrive-through opened in 1963 in Tama Zoological Park in Tokyo. In double-glazed buses, visitors made a tour through a one-hectare enlosure with twelve lions.
The first drive-through safari park outside of Africa opened in 1966 at Longleat in
Wiltshire, England. Longleat, Windsor, Woburn and arguably the whole concept of safari parks were the brainchild of Jimmy Chipperfield, former co-director of Chipperfield's Circus, as detailed in his autobiography, "My Wild Life" [Jimmy CHIPPERFIELD, "My Wild Life". Macmillan, London (1975). 219 p. ISBN 0333180445] , the autobiography [Bob LAWRENCE, "My Wildlife". R. P. Lawrence, Kidderminster (2000). 304 p. ISBN 0953799905] of Bob Lawrence (owner of West Midland Safari Park) and literature from the parks up until the 1990s. The former Windsor Safari Parkwas located in Berkshire, England, but closed in 1992 and has since been made into a Legoland.
Between 1967 and 1974,
Lion Country Safari, Inc. opened 6 animal parks, one near each of the following American cities: West Palm Beach, Florida; Los Angeles, California; Dallas, Texas; Atlanta, Georgia; Cincinnati, Ohio; and Richmond, Virginia. The first park, in South Florida, is the only Lion Country Safaristill in operation.
Most safari parks were established in a short period of ten years, between 1966 and 1975.
*Great Britain : Longleat (1966), Windsor (1969-1992), Woburn (1970), Blair Drummond (1970), Knowsley (1971), Bewdley ("
West Midland Safari Park", 1973)
*France : Thoiry ("Réserve Africaine", 1968), Peaugres (1974), Sigean (1974), Saint-Vrain (1975-1998), Port-Saint-Père ("Planète Sauvage", 1992)
*Nederlands : Hilvarenbeek ("Safari Beekse Bergen", 1968)
*Germany : Gelsenkirchen ("Löwenpark", 1968-1989), Tüddern ("Löwen-Safari",1968-1990), Stuckenbrock ("Hollywood und Safaripark", 1969), Hodenhagen ("Serengeti Park", 1974)
*Italy : Bussolengo ("Safari del Garda", 1969), Fasano ("Zoosafari", 1973), Pombia ("Zoo Safari", 1976)
*Denmark : Givskud ("Løveparken", 1969), Knuthenborg (1969)
Kolmården("Safari Park", 1972)
*Spain : Cabárceno ("Parque de la Naturaleza", 1990)
**Florida : Loxahatchee ("
Lion Country Safari", 1967)
**California : Irvine ("Lion Country Safari", 1970-1984), San Diego ("Wild Animal Park", 1972)
**Texas : Grand Prairie ("Lion Country Safari", 1971-1992), San Antonio ("
Natural Bridge Wildlife Ranch", 1984), Glen Rose ("Fossil Rim Wildlife Ranch", 1984)
**Oregon : Winston ("
Wildlife Safari", 1973)
**Ohio : Port Clinton ("African Safari Wildlife Park", 1973), Mason ("Lion Country Safari" at
Kings Island, 1974-1993)
**Virginia : Doswell ("Lion Country Safari" at
Kings Dominion, 1974-1993), Shenandoah Valley ("Virginia Safari Park", 2000)
**Georgia : Pine Moutain ("Wild Animal Safari", 1991)
**Ontario : Rockton ("
African Lion Safari", 1969)
**Quebec : Hemmingford ("Parc Safari Africain", 1972)
*Mexico : Puebla ("African Safari", 1972)
* Israel : Ramat-Gan (1974)
* Japan : Himeji ("Central Park", 1984)
* Thailand :
Bangkok(" Safari World", 1988)
* China :
Shenzhen("Safari Park", 1993), Shanghai("Wild Animal Park", 1995), Guangzhou("Xiangjiang Safari Park", 1997), Badaling("Safari World", 2001)
High Delta Safari Park
Knowsley Safari Park
Longleat Safari Park
Woburn Safari Park
West Midland Safari Park
Blair Drummond Safari Park
African Lion Safari
Lion Country Safari
Natural Bridge Wildlife Ranch
Himeji Central Park
SimSafari": a computer game simulating the management of a safari park
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
safari park — safari parks N COUNT A safari park is a large enclosed area of land where wild animals, such as lions and elephants, live freely. People can pay to drive through the park and look at the animals. [BRIT] … English dictionary
safari park — ► NOUN ▪ an area of parkland where wild animals are kept in the open and may be observed by visitors driving through … English terms dictionary
safari park — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms safari park : singular safari park plural safari parks a large area of land where wild animals are kept so that people can drive through and watch them … English dictionary
safari park — noun an area of parkland where wild animals are kept and can be viewed by visitors driving through • Hypernyms: ↑park, ↑parkland * * * noun, pl ⋯ parks [count] chiefly Brit : a park in which wild animals move around freely and are watched by… … Useful english dictionary
safari park — a parklike zoo in which wild animals are allowed to roam free in an environment designed to resemble their natural habitat and are observed by visitors riding through the park in cars or buses; animal park. [1970 75] * * * … Universalium
safari park — sa fari park n an enclosed area of land where wild animals are kept, so that people can drive round to look at them … Dictionary of contemporary English
safari park — sa fari ,park noun count a large area of land where wild animals are kept so that people can drive through and watch them … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
safari park — /səˈfari pak/ (say suh fahree pahk) noun a large park where wild animals are kept, uncaged, to be viewed by the public from cars, etc … Australian English dictionary
safari park — noun a commercial tourist attraction, similar to a zoo, in which visitors drive through animal enclosures … Wiktionary
safari park — noun an area of parkland where wild animals are kept in the open and may be observed by visitors driving through … English new terms dictionary