South Bank

South Bank


The South Bank is the area in London on the southern bank of the River Thames near Waterloo station that houses a number of important cultural buildings/institutions. The South Bank stretches 2 square miles (5 square kilometres) along the shores of the River Thames. It was the site of the 1951 Festival of Britain, which proposed the name for this post-war urban regeneration project; the ancient name of the area is Lambeth Marsh and Lower Marsh. Presently it is London's fastest-growing section,Fact|date=April 2008 a locale of modern cultural centre with numerous theatre, gallery, and concert halls. The legacy of the Festival is the Royal Festival Hall, now part of Southbank Centre arts complex. The area is split between the boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark (for the part of the riverside which stretches towards Blackfriars Bridge; the riverside beyond that point is properly Bankside.)

Since then, the Queen Elizabeth Hall and Purcell Room were opened in 1967 (on the site of a former Shot Tower), The Hayward in 1968, and the National Theatre in 1976. Nearby are the National Film Theatre and the BFI IMAX cinema. King's College London has a campus in the centre.

Adjacent to the National Theatre is the distinctive white tower of the London Weekend Television (LWT) building, where (among other things) the long-running television Arts programme "The South Bank Show" is produced. Carlton Television and GMTV have also broadcast from the building since 1993, and it is now called The London Television Centre.

Much of the area was subject to various large scale commercial development plans in the 1970s–1980s, which were successfully opposed by community groups. The renovation of the Oxo Tower and development of mixed housing developments and open space by community groups have encouraged the regeneration of the community in the area.

To the west of the RFH, beyond the railway viaduct leading up to Hungerford Bridge, is a public open space called Jubilee Gardens, separating it from nearby County Hall (Incidentally, the County Hall now houses a hotel — the Marriott London County Hall). By County Hall is the large Ferris wheel built to celebrate the 2000 Millennium, the London Eye.

To the east of the South Bank is the adjoining area of Bankside, deriving its name from one of the medieval causeways built to hold back the Thames. Bankside is home to the Tate Modern art gallery and the reproduction of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre and, near London Bridge, Borough Market.

Beyond Waterloo Station, to the south, can be found the rest of the Waterloo area, including the historic market street of Lower Marsh and The Cut, home of The Old Vic.

The South Bank is also regarded by many to be the unofficial home of British street skateboarding. Fact|date=July 2008The sheltered section beneath the Queen Elizabeth Hall has provided the skateboarding community of Britain and international skaters alike with ideal banks and stairs since the 1970s, and is conveniently located near other skatespots such as The Hayward. More recently, a skateboarding related art company, The Side Effects of Urethane, has provided Southbank Centre with several skatable sculptures in their 'Moving Units' project.

In September 2007, a statue of Sir Laurence Olivier as Hamlet was unveiled outside the National Theatre, to mark the great actor's centenary.

ee also

* Festival of Britain
* Coin Street Community Builders

External links

* [ London County Hall Entertainment] (Attraction, Bar and Restaurants, Museum, Venue hire, Entertainments)
* [ Southbank Centre] (Arts and entertainment complex)
* [ South Bank Employers' Group] (Business-led regeneration agency)
* [] (Photographs)
* [ London Eye website] (Visitor information)
* [ London SE1 Community Website] (Local news and information)
* [ Coin Street Community Builders] (Regeneration group)

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  • South Bank — deutsch: Südufer, ist der Name von: South Bank (London), Stadtteil von London, England South Bank (Middlesbrough) South Bank (Queensland) Southbank (Victoria) South Bank (York) South Bank Parklands, Brisbane London South Bank University der süda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • South Bank — the South Bank an important cultural centre on the south bank of the River Thames in London. The ↑National Theatre, the National Film Theatre, the ↑Royal Festival Hall, the Museum of the Moving Image, and the ↑Hayward Gallery are all there …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • South Bank — an area of the south bank of the River Thames around Waterloo Bridge which is London’s main cultural centre. Most of the centre was built in the 1950s and 1960s. It includes the Hayward Gallery, the National Film Theatre, the Purcell Room concert …   Universalium

  • South Bank F.C. — Infobox Football club clubname = South Bank FC fullname = South Bank Football Club nickname = shortname = South Bank founded = 1868 ground = Normanby Road Ground capacity = N/ASouth Bank F.C. is a football club based in Middlesbrough, England.… …   Wikipedia

  • South Bank — Original name in latin South Bank Name in other language South Bank in Normanby, South Bank on Tees State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.56667 latitude 1.15 altitude 22 Population 0 Date 2010 10 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • South Bank — 51°30′15″N 00°07′00″O / 51.50417, 0.116667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • South Bank — El London Eye, en South Bank. South Bank ( Ribera sur en castellano) es el área de Londres que queda al sur del río Támesis, próxima a la Estación de Waterloo y que acoge a un importante número de edificios e instituciones culturales. En 1951… …   Wikipedia Español

  • South Bank —    see Martin, Leslie; Denys Lasdun and Partners …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • South Bank Parklands, Brisbane — South Bank Parklands is a parkland which was opened to the public on 20 June, 1992. The parkland is located in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia on the transformed site of Brisbane s World Expo 88. TOC Overview South Bank Parklands are located on… …   Wikipedia

  • South Bank, Queensland — South Bank is part of the Brisbane suburb of South Brisbane and is located on the south bank area of the Brisbane River.South Bank is possibly best known for South Bank Parklands which were established on the former site of World Expo 88, as well …   Wikipedia

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