Publius Septimius Geta

Publius Septimius Geta

Infobox Roman emperor
title=Emperor of the Roman Empire
full name =Publius Septimius Geta
(from birth to 209);
Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus (from 209 to death)

caption =
reign =209 - February 4 211
(with Severus & Caracalla);
February - December 211 (with Caracalla)
predecessor =Septimius Severus (alone)
successor =Caracalla (alone)
spouse =
spouse 2 =
issue =
dynasty =Severan
father =Septimius Severus
mother =Julia Domna
date of birth =birth date|189|3|7|mf=y
place of birth =Rome
date of death =December 26 211 (age 22)
place of death =
place of burial =|
Severan dynasty

caption=The Severan Tondo

Publius Septimius Geta (March 7, 189–December 26 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death.


Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus by his second wife Julia Domna. Geta was born in Rome, at a time when his father was only a provincial governor at the service of emperor Commodus.

Geta was always in a place secondary to his older brother Lucius, the heir known as Caracalla. Perhaps due to this, the relations between the two were difficult from their early years. Conflicts were constant and often required the mediation of their mother. To appease his youngest son, Septimius Severus gave Geta the title of "Augustus" in 209. During the campaign against the Britons of the early 3rd century, the imperial propaganda publicized a happy family that shared the responsibilities of rule. Caracalla was his father's second in command, Julia Domna the trusted counsellor and Geta had administrative and bureaucratic duties. Truth was that the rivalry and antipathy between the brothers was far from being improved.

Joint emperor

When Septimius Severus died in York in the beginning of 211, Caracalla and Geta were proclaimed joint emperors and returned to Rome. Geoffrey of Monmouth (a highly unreliable medieval source for the history of Roman Britain) claims that Geta was raised to the kingship of the Britons by the Roman legions still occupying York. The Britons, however, raised Caracalla to the throne because Monmouth states Caracalla was the son of a Briton mother. This contradicts evidence that Geta and Caracalla had the same mother.

Regardless, the shared throne was not a success: the brothers argued about every decision, from law to political appointments. Later sources speculate about the desire of the two of splitting the empire in two halves. By the end of the year, the situation was unbearable. Caracalla tried to murder Geta during the festival of Saturnalia without success. Later in December he arranged a meeting with his brother in his mother's apartments, and had him murdered in her arms by centurions.

Following Geta's assassination, Caracalla damned his memory and ordered his name to be removed from all inscriptions. The now sole emperor also took the opportunity to get rid of his political enemies, on the grounds of conspiracy with the deceased. Contemporary sourcesFact|date=December 2007 refer to numbers of about 20,000 persons of both sexes killed and/or proscribed during this time.

ee also

* Severan dynasty family tree


* Dio Cassius lxxvii; "Herodian" iv. I.

External links

* * [*.html Life of Geta] ("Historia Augusta" at LacusCurtius: Latin text and English translation)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Publius Septimius Geta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Geta Emperador del Imperio Romano Busto de Geta Reinado 209 4 de febrero de 211 (con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Publius Septimius Geta — ist der Name folgender Personen: Publius Septimius Geta (189–211), römischer Kaiser, siehe Geta (Kaiser) Publius Septimius Geta (Konsul 203), römischer Politiker und Senator Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Publius Septimius Geta — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Geta. Geta Empereur romain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Publius Septimius Geta (father of Septimius Severus) — Publius Septimius Geta (flourished 2nd century) was the father of Lucius Septimius Severus, father in law of the Roman empress Julia Domna and the paternal grandfather of Roman emperors Caracalla and Publius Septimius Geta. His name was found as… …   Wikipedia

  • Publius Septimius Geta (brother of Septimius Severus) — Publius Septimius Geta (? around 204) was the second son to the elder Publius Septimius Geta and Fulvia Pia. He was born and raised in Leptis Magna (southeast of Carthage, modern Libya, North Africa). He was of Libyco Punic and Roman ancestry.… …   Wikipedia

  • Publius Septimius Geta (Konsul 203) — Publius Septimius Geta war ein römischer Politiker und Senator. Geta wurde in Leptis Magna in der Provinz Africa geboren und war Bruder des Kaisers Septimius Severus. Sein Geburtsdatum ist unbekannt, weshalb auch unklar ist, ob er älter oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Publius Septimius Geta (disambiguation) — There were three people who had the name Publius Septimius Geta. *Publius Septimius Geta (father of Septimius Severus) *Publius Septimius Geta (brother of Septimius Severus) *Publius Septimius Geta, son of Lucius Septimius Severus …   Wikipedia

  • Publius Septimius — may refer to the following persons*Publius Septimius Geta, a Roman emperor *A Roman who wrote two books on architecture prior to the first century B.C. [Vitruvius DeArch. vii, introduction] These books may be lost. References …   Wikipedia

  • Geta, Publius Septimius — ▪ Roman emperor [died 212] born March 7, 189, Mediolanum [now Milan, Italy] died Dec. 26, 211, Rome  Roman emperor from 209 to 211, jointly with his father, Septimius Severus (reigned 193–211), and his brother, Caracalla (reigned 198–217). The… …   Universalium

  • Géta — Publius Septimius Geta Pour les articles homonymes, voir Geta. Geta …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.