Khorat Plateau

Khorat Plateau

The Khorat Plateau also Korat Plateau, is a plateau in the northeastern region of Thailand, also called Isan. It is named after the biggest city in the area, Nakhon Ratchasima, which is often called shortly "Khorat".

The average elevation is 200 m and it covers an area of about 155,000 km². The saucer-shaped plateau is tilted towards the south-east, and is drained by the Mun and Chi rivers, tributaries to the Mekong, which also is the boundary of the area. It is separated from Central Thailand by the Phetchabun mountain range, and to the south from Cambodia by the Dongrek mountains. The Khorat Plateau was formed from a sudden fault slip, probably around AD 700, where most of the ground around it fell hundreds of feet. The area eventually flattened out, but the effects are seen in the Mekong tributaries.

These together with the Truong Son Cordilliera in the north-east catch a lot of the rainfall, so the South-West monsoon has much lower intensity then in other regions - the mean annual rainfall in Nakhon Ratchasima is about 1150 mm, compared with 1500 mm in Central Thailand. The difference between dry and wet season is much stronger, which makes the area less fertile for rice.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khorat Plateau — ▪ plateau, Thailand also spelled  Korat Plateau,         saucer shaped tableland of northeastern Thailand. It occupies 60,000 square miles (155,000 square km), is situated 300–650 feet (90–200 m) above sea level, and tilts southeastward. The… …   Universalium

  • Khorat-Plateau — Übersichtskarte Khorat Hochebene Die Khorat Hochebene ist ein Hochland im Nordosten von Thailand, dem Issan, benannt nach der größten Stadt der Gegend: Nakhon Ratchasima, kurz Khorat. Die mittlere Höhe liegt bei etwa 200 m ü. NN. Die Ebene hat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thailand — /tuy land , leuhnd/, n. 1. Formerly, Siam. a kingdom in SE Asia: official name of Siam 1939 45 and since 1949. 59,450,818; 198,242 sq. mi. (513,445 sq. km). Cap.: Bangkok. 2. Gulf of. Also called Gulf of Siam. an arm of the South China Sea, S of… …   Universalium

  • Isan — For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). Isan is the northeastern region of Thailand Isan (Isan/Thai: อีสาน [ʔiːsǎːn]; also written as Isaan, Isarn, Issan, or Esarn;[1]) …   Wikipedia

  • Nakhon Ratchasima Province — Nakhon Ratchasima นครราชสีมา   Province   Statue of Lady Mo in Khorat city centre …   Wikipedia

  • Mekong River — Chinese Lancang Jiang or Lan Ts ang Chiang Longest river of Southeast Asia. Rising in eastern Tibet, China, it flows south across the highlands of Yunnan province. It then forms part of the border between Myanmar (Burma) and Laos, as well as… …   Universalium

  • Geography of Thailand — Detailed map of Thailand …   Wikipedia

  • List of ecoregions (WWF) — This is a list of ecoregions as compiled by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The WWF identifies terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecoregions.The terrestrial scheme divides the Earth s land surface into 8 terrestrial ecozones, containing 867… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Laos to 1945 — Note: this article follows the system for transliterating Lao names used in Martin Stuart Fox s History of Laos . It may differ from systems used in other articles. The Lao state dates only from 1945. The idea of a separate Lao nationality was… …   Wikipedia

  • TH-45 — Roi Et ร้อยเอ็ด Statistik Hauptstadt: Roi Et Tel.vorwahl: 043 F …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.