- Partial Preterism
__NOTOC__Partial preterism is a form of
Christian eschatologythat holds much in common with but is distinct from Full preterism (or 'consistent' or 'hyper' preterism) in that it places the events of most of the Book of Revelationas occurring during the destruction of Jerusalemin 70AD (and/or the Fall of Romeseveral centuries later) yet still affirms an orthodox future bodily return of Christto earth at an unknown day and hour. Partial preterism sees Matthew 24, , the Book of Danieland most of the Book of Revelation(besides its last 2 or 3 chapters) as speaking about events no later than the first century AD, and about "a coming" of Christ in judgement, not the (second, final and bodily) coming of Christ and Last judgement.
Most Partial Preterists also believe the term "Last Days" refers not to the last days of planet Earth or the last days of humankind, but rather to the last days of the
Mosaic Covenantwhich God had exclusively with national Israeluntil the year AD 70, see also Supersessionism. As God came in judgmentupon various nations in the Old Testament, Christ also came in judgment against those in Israel who rejected him. The "last days," however, are to be distinguished from "the" "last day," which is considered still future and entails the " Second Coming" of Jesus, the "Resurrection of the righteous and unrighteous dead" physically from the grave in like-manner to Jesus' physical resurrection, the "Final Judgment", and the creation of a literal (rather than covenantal) "New Heavens" and a "New Earth" free from the curse of sin and death which was brought about by the fall of Adam and Eve, also called the Kingdom of God. Thus partial preterists are in agreement and conformity with the historic eucemenical creedsof the Church and articulate the doctrine of the resurrection held by the early Church Fathers. Partial preterists hold that the New Testamentpredicts and depicts many "comings" of Christ and that the phrase "Second Coming" means second of like kind in a series for the Scriptures record other comings even before the judgment-coming in AD70, thus eliminating that event as the "second" of any series, let alone the second of the series in which the example if the earthly, physical ministry of Christ. Partial Preterists believe that the new creation comes in redemptive progression as Christ reigns from His heavenly throne, subjugating His enemies, and will eventually culminate in the destruction of physical death, the "last enemy" (1 Cor 15:20-24). If there are any enemies remaining, the resurrection event cannot have occurred.
Partial preterism is consistent with
Covenant theologyin that its basis lies in the outworking of the covenant judgements of Deuteronomy28 - 32 and Leviticus 26 and as such opposes Dispensational Premillennialismand Futurism popular in evangelical circles today with such works as the "Left Behind" series. Preterism also is distinct from Dispensationaleschatology in that it does not have specific modern political directives attached (see Dispensationalism's connection to Christian Zionism).
Nearly all Partial Preterists hold to
amillennialismor postmillennialism. Many postmillennial Partial Preterists are also theonomic in their outlook.
A variant form of Partial Preterism developed within
Catholictradition that identified the woman in Revelation 12 as Mary rather than being symbolic of Israeland/or the Churchin Protestant forms of Partial Preterism.
Partial Preterism relies heavily on the account of
Flavius Josephusin describing the destruction of Jerusalemas a first hand account of the recorded fulfillment of the Book of Revelation.
Because of the widespread acceptance of
DispensationalFuturism amongst American evangelicals, Partial Preterism is often considered unorthodox by many. Partial Preterism is also criticised for claiming that the Book of Revelation was written before the destruction of Jerusalemsometime during the reign of Roman emperor Neroin the 60s AD rather than in 95 AD which is the widely held belief among Dispensationalists. Kenneth Gentry, a prominent Partial Preterist, wrote his PhDthesis Before Jerusalem Fell(which has since been made into a book) on a defense of placing the writing of the Book of Revelation during Nero's reign.
Writers and publications
Andrew Corbett, "The Most Embarrassing Verse In The Bible" (ISBN0-9775186-2-0) [http://www.andrewcorbett.net]
R. C. Sproul, "The Last Days According to Jesus"
David Chilton, "Days of Vengeance"
Gary DeMar, "Last Days Madness:Obsession of the Modern Church" (ISBN 0-915815-35-4)
Kenneth Gentry, "Before Jerusalem Fell"
Hank Hanegraaff, "The Last Disciple" , "The Apocalypse Code" [http://www.equip.org] , [http://www.decipherthecode.com]
Hugh J. Schonfield, "The Original New Testament" (ISBN 1 86204 252 7)
Larry T. Smith, "The Coming Of The Lord, The Last Days & The End Of The World" [http://rightlydividingtheword.biz]
External links: Proponents of Partial Preterism
External links: Critics of Partial Preterism
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Preterism — is a variant of Christian eschatology which holds that some or all of the biblical prophecies concerning the Last Days or End Times refer to events which actually happened in the first century after Christ s birth. The term preterism comes from… … Wikipedia
Christian eschatological differences — This is a general overview of the different eschatological interpretations of the Book of Revelation held by Christians. The differences are by no means monolithic as representing one group or another. Many differences exist within each… … Wikipedia
Olivet discourse — Christian eschatology Eschatology views Viewpoints • Preterism • Idealism • Historicism • … Wikipedia
Christian eschatology — Part of a series on Christianity … Wikipedia
Two Witnesses — In Christian eschatology, the Two Witnesses are two individuals, concepts or corporate beings described in chapter 11 of the Book of Revelation in the events leading up to the second coming of Christ.] The images, symbolism, and allegorical… … Wikipedia
Amillennialism — Christian eschatology Eschatology views Viewpoints • Preterism • Idealism • Historicism • … Wikipedia
Hank Hanegraaff — Hendrik Hank Hanegraaff (born 1950) also known as the Bible Answer Man is an American author, radio talk show host and advocate of evangelical Christianity. He is an outspoken figure within the Christian countercult movement where he has… … Wikipedia
Gary DeMar — is an American writer, lecturer and the president of American Vision, an American Christian nonprofit organization. The think tank has a vision of an America that recognizes the sovereignty of God over all of life and where Christians are engaged … Wikipedia
Second Coming of Christ — Second Coming redirects here. For other uses, see Second Coming (disambiguation). Part of a series on Eschatology … Wikipedia
Rapture — For other meanings, see Rapture (disambiguation) … Wikipedia