Rai Dynasty

Rai Dynasty

The Rai Dynasty rulers of Sindh were patrons of Buddhism even though they also established a huge temple of Shiva in present-day Sukkur, derived from original Shankar, close to their capital in Al-ror. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 ] This is consistent with the historical accounts from the times of Emperor Ashoka and Harsha because Indian monarchs never sponsored a state religion and usually patronized more than one faith. The influence of the Rai state exdended from Kashmir and Kannauj in the east, Makran and Debal (Karachi) port in the west, Surat port in south, Kandahar, Sistan, Suleyman, Ferdan and Kikanan hills in the north.

ources of Information

The history of the Rai and that of their usurpers the Brahman dynasties are entirely based upon Muslim chronicles such as the Chach Nama, thereby dating them to about the 5th century. Wink pg.152 ] They arise in the time period of shifting political scene with the wane of the Sassanid influence in the wake of the Hepthalite (White Hun/Huna) invasions, and with the rulers issuing silver coins bearing their likeness by the 7th century.


The Rai dynasty is recorded as ruling lower Sind, from their capital Aror upon the banks of the Indus River for a period spanning 144 years. [The Indus has moved its banks since.] They are not noted as being foreigners or Huna and it is likely that the Huna advances did not penetrate towards lower Sind.

Chronology of Rai rulers of Sindh

Wink reports on the possibility of the corruption of the Sanskrit names and renders them as related in parenthesis in the following chronology of the Rai rulers of Sindh:
Rai Dynasty (c. 489 - 632)
*Rai Diwaji (Devaditya) :He was a powerful chief who forged alliances and extended his rule east of Makran and west of Kashmir and Kannauj, south to the port of Surat and north to Kandahar. [ Elliot. pg. 405]
*Rai Sahiras (Shri Harsha)
*Rai Sahasi (Sinhasena)
*Rai Sahiras second:Died battling the King of Nimroz. [Khusru Naushirwan and Khusru Parvis have both been postulated however it more likely that it was a governor of Fars. [ Elliot. pg. 405]
*Rai Sahasi second

The rule of Rai Sahasi II

Rai Meharsan second had a war with Nimruz of Fars in which he was killed due to injury of an arrow in his throat. After him Rai Sahasi second became the king. He ordered the appointed four Governors (Maliks) in his kingdom to protect the interests of the country and the people, to look after the repairs of the (State) build­ings, and to keep the feudal assignees and estate-holders happy. In his whole dominion, there was not a single refractory or rebellious head who perversely opposed the measures passed by him or (transgressed) the boundaries fixed by him. Owing to his excellent policy and majestic dignity, Rai Sáhasi brought the king­dom under his firm control. The subjects and original residents of the country enjoyed much respect, and lived a happy life. He had a wazir, by name chamberlain Rám. Rám was well acquainted with the various depart­ments of knowledge. Once, when the chamberlain Ram, the Brahman wazir, had come to his office, a Brah­man named Chach, son of Selaij, came to visit him to pay respects to the chamberlain Ram . The wazir was impressed by the talents of Chach and appointed him assistant. In a short time, he became prominent in the correspondence depart­ment of the Council.

Once Sahasi Rai second fell ill. Some letters from the district of Siwistan having arrived, the Secretary Rám was called. But he had not yet come to the Council office. The minister sent his munshi (book-keeper) Chach for this purpose. The wisdom of Chach of Alor influenced the king and he appointed Chach to look after the palace as Assistant Secretary. This way he got free entry into the palace. After the death of Ram, Rai Sáhasi called Chach to himself and conferred on him the office of Chamberlain and Secretary.

ee also

*Chach Nama


* Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, Delhi, 1934
* The Chach-nama. English translation by Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg. Delhi Reprint, 1979.
* Wink, Andre, "Al Hind the Making of the Indo Islamic World," Brill Academic Publishers, Jan 1, 1996, ISBN 90-04-09249-8 pg.
* Elliot, Henry Miers, "The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period. Volume 1, Adamant Media Corporation, ISBN 0-543-94726-2

External links

* [http://persian.packhum.org/persian/pf?file=12701030&ct=0 Chach Nama]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rai (ethnic group) — The Rai, also known as the Khambu (people of Khumbu region), is one of Nepal s most ancient indigenous ethnolinguistic groups. The Rai(Khambu) belong to the Kirati group or the Kirat confederation that includes the Limbu, the Sunuwar, Yakkha… …   Wikipedia

  • Chiang Rai city — Chiang Rai is both a city and a province in Thailand. For the province, see Chiang Rai Province. Chiang Rai ᨩᩭᨦᩁᩣᩭ เชียงราย Chiang Rai …   Wikipedia

  • Chiang Rai — Infobox Settlement official name = Chiang Rai other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = Chiang Rai flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem type …   Wikipedia

  • Har Rai — ▪ Sikh Guru born 1630, Punjab, India died 1661, Punjab       seventh Sikh (Sikhism) Guru, whose administration marked a period of decline in the fortunes of the Sikh community. Unlike his grandfather, the great military Guru Hargobind, Har Rai… …   Universalium

  • Deva dynasty — ← …   Wikipedia

  • Faruqi dynasty — The Faruqi dynasty was the ruling dynasty of the Khandesh sultanate from its inception in 1382 till its annexation by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1601. The founder of the dynasty, Malik Ahmad (also known as Malik Raja) participated in a rebellion …   Wikipedia

  • Origin of the Gupta dynasty — The history of the Gupta dynasty (Sanskrit: गुप्त राजवंश) begins with its founding by Sri Gupta around 240 CE, although dates are not well established. The empire covered most of Northern India and Eastern Pakistan, parts of Gujarat and Rajasthan …   Wikipedia

  • Khen dynasty — The Khen dynasty of Assam replaced the Pala dynasty in the 12th century. Their accession marks the end of the Kamarupa kingdom, and the beginning of the Kamata kingdom.According to the Gosani mangala (1823), the Khen rulers had a humble origin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Maha-Meghavahana Dynasty — Kharavela s Empire[citation needed] …   Wikipedia

  • Nong Sa Rai, Battle of — ▪ Asian history       (1593), in Southeast Asian history, military encounter between the Tai (Thai) kingdom of Ayutthaya and the Toungoo dynasty of Myanmar (Burma) which put an end to the aggression that had been waged intermittently by Myanmar.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.