Russian government referendum, 1993


Russian government referendum, 1993

Unreferencedsection|date=April 2007A referendum was held in Russia on 25 April, 1993, following the constitutional crisis earlier in the year. It asked four questions:
# Do you have confidence in Boris Yeltsin, the President of Russia?
# Do you approve the social and economic policy of the President of Russia and Russia's Government since 1992?
# Do you consider an early presidential elections necessary?
# Do you consider an early elections of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation necessary?

The referendum was initiated by the Congress of People's Deputies. The Congress voted that in order to win, the president would need to obtain 50 percent of the whole electorate, rather than 50 percent of those actually voting. However, the Constitutional Court supported President Boris Yeltsin and ruled that the president required only a simple majority on two issues: confidence in him, and economic and social policy; though he would still need the support of more than half the electorate in order to call new parliamentary and presidential elections.

Results

Unreferencedsection|date=April 2007A majority of voters expressed confidence in the president and called for new legislative elections, although support for the latter did not extend to half (53,655,187) of the electorate (107,310,374) as required. Yeltsin termed the results a mandate for him to continue in power. Although this permitted him to declare that the population supported him, not the parliament, he lacked a constitutional mechanism to implement his victory.

Question 1

1. Do you have confidence in Boris Yeltsin, the President of Russia?

Question 4

4.Do you consider an early elections of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation necessary?


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