Banpo


Banpo

Banpo (半坡) is an archaeological site first discovered in 1953 and located in the Yellow River Valley just east of Xi'an, China. It contains the remains of several well organised Neolithic settlements dating from approximately 4500 BCE. It is a large area of sixty square kilometers and surrounded by a ditch, probably a defensive moat, five or six meters wide. The houses were circular, build of mud and wood with overhanging thatched roofs. They sat on low foundations. There appears to be communal burial areas.cite book
first=Francis D.K.
last= Ching et al
year= 2007
title= A Global History of Architecture
edition=
publisher=John Wiley and Sons
location=New York
pages= pp. 8–9
id= ISBN 0-471-82451-3
]

Banpo is the type-site associated with Yangshao Culture. Archaeological sites with similarities to the first phase at Banpo are considered to be part of the Banpo phase (5000 BC to 4000 BC) of the Yangshao culture. Banpo was excavated from 1954 to 1957 and covers an area of around 50,000 square metres.

The settlement was surrounded by a moat, with the graves and pottery kilns located outside of the moat perimeter. Many of the houses were semisubterranean with the floor typically a meter below the ground surface. The houses were supported by timber poles and had steeply pitched thatched roofs.

According to the Marxist paradigm of archaeology that was prevalent in the People's Republic of China during the time of the excavation of the site, Banpo was considered to be a matriarchal society; however, new research contradicts this claim, and the Marxist paradigm is gradually being phased out in modern Chinese archaeological research ["The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States", pp.11] . Currently, little can be said of the religious or political structure from these ruins from the archeological evidence.cite book
first=Francis D.K.
last= Ching et al
year= 2007
title= A Global History of Architecture
edition=
publisher=John Wiley and Sons
location=New York
pages= pp. 8–9
id= ISBN 0-471-82451-3
]

The site is now home to the Xi'an Banpo Museum.

Footnotes

References

* Allan, Sarah (ed), "The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective", ISBN 0-300-09382-9
* Chang, Kwang-chih. "The Archaeology of Ancient China", ISBN 0-300-03784-8
* Liu, Li. "The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States", ISBN 0-521-81184-8


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banpo — Banpo,   Pan p o, Siedlung der jungsteinzeitlichen Yangshaokultur (5. Jahrtausend v. Chr.) bei Xi an, China, mit ovalem Wehrgraben, zahlreichen eckigen oder runden Häusern und einem Großgebäude im Zentrum. Töpfereien bilden ein eigenes Viertel.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Banpo — Das Dorf Banpo war in der Zeit von 4800 3600 v. Chr. besiedelt. Zeitlich gesehen gehört es zur jungsteinzeitlichen Yangshao Kultur. Heute ist es eine wichtige archäologische Fundstätte und ein bedeutendes Museum, das im Stadtbezirk Baqiao (灞桥区)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banpo — 34° 16′ 28″ N 109° 02′ 51″ E / 34.274444, 109.0475 Banpo est un site archéologique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Banpo — or Pan p o Site of a Neolithic village located on the Wei River in China, dating to the earlier part of the Yangshao culture, 5000–4000 BC. A huge number of artifacts have been uncovered, including 8,000 stone and bone tools, pottery fragments,… …   Universalium

  • Banpo Bridge — Korean name Hangul 반포대교 Hanja …   Wikipedia

  • Banpo-Siedlung — Das Dorf Banpo war in der Zeit von 4800 3600 v. Chr. besiedelt. Zeitlich gesehen gehört es zur jungsteinzeitlichen Yangshao Kultur. Heute ist es eine wichtige archäologische Fundstätte und ein bedeutendes Museum, das im Stadtbezirk Baqiao (灞桥区)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banpo-Brücke — 37.5156831126.995945 Koordinaten: 37° 30′ 56″ N, 126° 59′ 45″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banpo-dong — Infobox Korean settlement title = Banpo dong imgwidth = imgcaption = hangul = 반포동 hanja = linktext|盤|浦|洞 rr = Banpo dong mr = Panp o tong area km2 = 5.94 pop = 105774 popnote = popyear = 2001 popden km2 = 17807 popdennote = divs = mapcaption =… …   Wikipedia

  • Banpo Station — Infobox SMS station caption=Banpo Station hangul=반포역 hanja=盤浦驛 rr=Banpo yeok mr=Panp o yŏk line7=733 type=Underground platforms=2 side platforms tracks=2 screendoors=Not Installed operator=Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation… …   Wikipedia

  • Banpo Symbols — The Banpo Symbols (半坡陶符) is a name sometimes given to the 27 markings on prehistoric artifacts found in Banpo in Shaanxi, related to the Yangshao culture and dates back to 5000 BC to 4000 BC. These markings are found in some other sites of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.