- Manchester Central railway station
Manchester Central Location Place Manchester Area City of Manchester Coordinates Coordinates: Grid reference SJ837977 Operations Original company Cheshire Lines Committee Pre-grouping Cheshire Lines Committee Post-grouping Cheshire Lines Committee
London Midland Region of British Railways
Platforms 9 History 1 July 1880 Opened 5 May 1969 Closed Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Manchester Central railway station is a former railway station in Manchester City Centre, England. One of Manchester's main railway terminals between 1880 and 1969, it now houses an exhibition and conference centre named Manchester Central.
The station was built between 1875 and 1880 by the Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC), and was officially opened on 1 July 1880. The architect was Sir John Fowler and the engineers were Richard Johnson, Andrew Johnston and Charles Sacré for the three companies which formed the CLC.
While the main station was being built a temporary facility called Manchester Free Trade Hall Station (after a landmark building nearby) was in use from 9 September 1877. This consisted of two wooden platforms serving four tracks. When Central opened the temporary station was converted to become Manchester Central Goods.
The station's roof is a single span wrought iron truss structure 550 feet (168 m) long with a span of 210 feet (64 m), and was 90 feet (27 m) high at its apex above the railtracks. Glass covered the middle section, timber (inside) and slate (outside) covered the outer quarters. The end screens were glazed with timber boarding surrounding the outer edges. It was constructed by Andrew Handyside and Co. The substructure and masonry partition were provided by Robert Neill and Sons of Manchester. Underneath the train shed there is a large brick undercroft with intersecting tunnel vaults. This was used for storage and was connected to the adjacent goods sidings by a carriage lift.
A wooden building was erected at the front of the station, housing ticket offices and waiting rooms. This was planned to be a temporary structure, to be replaced by a grander edifice, for example a hotel and railway offices as at London St Pancras, but it remained in use until the station closed. The Midland Hotel was built by the Midland Railway in 1898-1903 on an adjacent site.
The Midland Railway (MR), one of the CLC's partners, used Manchester Central as its terminus for services including express trains to London St Pancras. Beginning in 1938, the London Midland and Scottish Railway (successor to the MR) ran two prestige expresses, The Peaks and the Palatine, stopping en route at Chinley, Millers Dale, Matlock, Derby and Leicester.
Between 1960 and 15 April 1966, during the electrification of the West Coast Main Line, Central Station was the terminus for the Midland Pullman, a streamlined blue six-coach diesel multiple unit. This stopped at Cheadle Heath (now closed), before running fast to St Pancras.
Services through Millers Dale finished in July 1968 when the line was closed as a through route. The station provided local services to Chester and Liverpool but closed to passengers on 5 May 1969, when the remaining services were switched to Manchester Oxford Road and Manchester Piccadilly stations.
Preceding station Disused railways Following station Terminus Cheshire Lines Committee
Manchester South District Line
Line and station closed
Cheshire Lines Committee
Manchester to Liverpool Line
Line closed, station open
Cheshire Lines Committee
Line closed, station open
Dereliction and redevelopment
For over a decade, Central Station fell into a dilapidated state (including suffering a fire,) and was used as a car park. The property was acquired by Greater Manchester Council and in 1982 work began on converting the building into an exhibition centre, which opened in 1986 as the Greater Manchester Exhibition and Conference Centre ("G-Mex") (later renamed Manchester Central in honour of its railway history). The undercroft was converted into a car park, serving the centre and Bridgewater Hall.
The opening in 1992 of the Metrolink light rail system has seen the conversion of suburban heavy rail lines such as the former Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway to Altrincham, and there are further proposals to re-open the disused Cheshire Lines Committee route via Didsbury. With the introduction of Metrolink, rail services from south Manchester run once more to Central Station. However, instead of trains running into the Central Station arch, light rail vehicles now cross the railway viaduct and stop at Deansgate-Castlefield Metrolink station (formerly G-Mex). They then run down a ramp which runs parallel to Lower Mosley Street, alongside the south-eastern side of the former train shed, before reaching street level where they operate as trams and head towards St Peter's Square.
- The Great Northern Warehouse A former railway building nearby, now a leisure/shopping complex
- Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester
- ^ "G-Mex, Windmill Street". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. 2002-05-12. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?pid=1&id=458616. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- ^ Lashley, Brian (2009-050-05). "Manchester Central marks milestone". Manchester Evening News. http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/s/1113361_manchester_central_marks_milestone. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
Manchester Lines - City Centre and North, (Past, Present and Future)Legend To Bury To Rochdale Moston To Oldham Bowker Vale Newton Heath Newton Heath and Moston Crumpsall Central Park To Tameside Abraham Moss;Monsall Clayton Bridge Woodlands Road Park Queens Road To Tameside Miles Platting Edge Lane Clayton Oldham Road Sportcity-Velodrome Manchester Victoria Holt Town/Sportcity-Stadium Exchange To Salford New Islington Ardwick Exchange Square/Shudehill Ashburys High Street; Manchester Piccadilly Mayfield;To South Manchester Market Street; Piccadilly Gardens To Belle Vue;Gorton Moseley Street;Oxford Road To Hyde Road St Peter's Square To Tameside Manchester Central/Deansgate-Castlefield Deansgate Liverpool Road To Salford;Cornbrook Cornbrook Pomona To Eccles Trafford Bar To Trafford Firswood To Trafford;To Altrincham To Chorlton Closed railway stations in Greater Manchester Bolton Bury Manchester
(city centre in italics)Baguley • Chorlton-cum-Hardy • Clayton Bridge • Dean Lane • Didsbury • Fallowfield • High Street (Metrolink) • Hyde Road • Levenshulme South • Longsight • Manchester Central • Manchester Liverpool Road • Manchester Mayfield • Manchester Oldham Road • Miles Platting • Newton Heath • Northenden • Park • Wilbraham Road • Withington and West Didsbury
OldhamDelph • Derker • Diggle • Dobcross • Failsworth • Friezland • Grasscroft • Grotton and Springhead • Hollinwood • Lees • Measurements • Middleton Junction • Moorgate • Oldham Central • Oldham Clegg Street • Oldham Glodwick Road • Oldham Mumps • Oldham Mumps (LNWR) • Oldham Werneth • Royton • Royton Junction • Saddleworth • Shaw and Crompton • Uppermill Rochdale Salford Stockport Tameside Trafford WiganTransport in Greater Manchester • GMPTE • List of railway stations in Greater Manchester • List of closed railway stations in Greater Manchester
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