Souphanouvong


Souphanouvong

Infobox President
name = Souphanouvong


order = 1st President of Laos
primeminister = Kaysone Phomvihane
vicepresident =
term_start = 2 December, 1975
term_end = 15 August 1991
predecessor =
successor = Phoumi Vongvichit
birth_date = July 13 1909
birth_place = Luang Phrabang, Laos
death_date = January 9, 1995 (aged 85)
death_place = Vientiane
spouse = Viengkham Souphanouvong
party = PPPL
Prince Souphanouvong (July 13, 1909 - January 9, 1995) was, along with his half-brother Prince Souvanna Phouma and Prince Boun Oum of Champasak, one of the “Three Princes” who represented respectively the communist (pro-Vietnam), neutralist, and royalist political factions in Laos. He was the figurehead President of Laos from December 1975 to August 1991.

Souphanouvong was one of the sons of Prince Bounkhong, the last vice-king of Luang Prabang. Unlike his half-brothers, Souvanna Phouma and Phetsarath, whose mothers were of royal birth, his mother was a commoner, Mom Kham Ouane.

Educated in France and Vietnam, he eventually became a supporter of Ho Chi Minh and joined the Indochinese communist movement.

Nicknamed “The Red Prince”, he became the figurehead leader of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, and upon its successful seizure of power in 1975, he became the first President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic. After 1986, Phoumi Vongvichit was Acting President, and when strongman Kaysone Phomvihane decided to establish an executive presidency in 1991, Souphanouvong was relieved of even an inactive-figurehead role.

He is said to have been the most talented of Bounkhong’s sons, mastering eight languages, including Greek and Latin. He worked on the ports of Le Havre before taking his engineering degree from the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées.

External links

* [http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54/056.html Souphanouvong, "Red Prince" of Laos, dies aged 86]
* [http://historyoflaos.tripod.com/souphanouvong.gifSouphanouvong's photo]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Souphanouvong — 1º presidente de Laos Diciembre de 1975 – Agosto de 1991 Predecesor ninguno Sucesor Phoumi Vongvichit …   Wikipedia Español

  • Souphanouvong — (* 13. Juli 1909; † 9. Januar 1995) war ein laotischer Politiker. Leben Er wurde als Sohn des Vizekönigs von Luang Prabang in Laos, Boun Khong, und dessen Nebenfrau Kham On geboren. Er war der jüngere Halbbruder von Prinz Phetsarat und Prinz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Souphanouvong — Mandats 1er Président du Laos 2 décem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Souphanouvong — (prince) (1909 1995) homme politique laotien; demi frère de Souvanna Phouma. Il fonda le Pathet Lao (1950), mouvement procommuniste en lutte armée contre le gouvernement et ses alliés. Il fit partie de deux éphémères gouvernements d unité… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Souphanouvong — /sooh pah nooh vawng /, n. Prince, born 1902, Laotian political leader: president since 1975 (half brother of Prince Souvanna Phouma). * * * born July 13, 1909, Luang Prabang, Laos died Jan. 9, 1995, Laos Leader of the revolutionary Pathet Lao… …   Universalium

  • Souphanouvong — (13 jul. 1909, Luang Prabang, Laos–9 ene. 1995, Laos). Líder del movimiento revolucionario Pathet Lao y presidente de Laos (1975–86). Medio hermano de Souvanna Phouma, se formó como ingeniero civil y construyó puentes y caminos en Vietnam… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Souphanouvong — /sufænuˈvɒŋ/ (say soohfanooh vong) noun Prince, 1902–95, honorary state president of Laos 1975–86; a leader of the movement that gained independence from France …   Australian English dictionary

  • Souphanouvong — /sooh pah nooh vawng /, n. Prince, born 1902, Laotian political leader: president since 1975 (half brother of Prince Souvanna Phouma) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Souphanouvong, Prince — ▪ 1996       Laotian revolutionary and political leader (b. July 13, 1909, Luang Prabang, Laos d. Jan. 9, 1995, Laos), fought against French colonial rule in post World War II Indochina and then against the U.S. backed government of independent… …   Universalium

  • Souvine Souphanouvong — Souphanouvong Souvine Souphanouvong Nationalité Laotienne Naissance 13 juillet 1909 Décès …   Wikipédia en Français


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