- Royal Naval Auxiliary Service
The Royal Naval Auxiliary Service (RNXS) was formed in
1963from the Royal Naval Minewatching Service(RNMWS) in response to the nuclear threat to British ports. The service was disbanded on 31 March 1994due to defence cuts. Most vessels from its fleet were transferred to the Royal Navy.
Men & women of the RNXS, or "Auxiliarymen" as they were known (regardless of gender), were to be readily available to assist in the tasks of evacuating major ports and dispatching larger and faster merchant vessels overseas in case of an attack on the UK. Any remaining ships were to be dispersed to safe anchorages along the coasts or at nearby islands. For these purposes, the RNXS operated a small fleet of inshore vessels which were prefixed XSV for Auxiliary Service Vessel. These were mainly surplus vessels converted from other duties.
The sailing of merchantmen overseas involved setting up assembly anchorages where ships might be formed into
convoys, a naval escort or surveillance for information on routing, intelligence, and communications. Auxiliarymen were required at assembly anchorage control.
These tasks were not new, indeed they had been performed by naval and merchant naval personnel throughout the past centuries. The nuclear threat, however, had cut the time available to the
Royal Navy, and the Merchant Navy had to be developed or adapted to cope. Therefore the RNXS was formed.
Following the disbandment of the RNXS, the
Maritime Volunteer Servicewas formed as a national maritime training organisation with charitable status. It has taken over and expanded many RNXS roles.
Royal Naval Reserve
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
Maritime Volunteer Service
* [http://www.rnxs.inuk.com/ Memories of service in the RNXS]
* [http://www.mvs.org.uk Maritime Volunteer Service]
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