Randy Rhoads


Randy Rhoads

Infobox Musical artist
Name = Randy Rhoads


Img_capt =
Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth_name = Randall William Rhoads
Alias =
Born = birth date|1956|12|6|mf=y
Santa Monica, California, USA
Died = death date and age|1982|3|19|1956|12|6
Leesburg, Florida, USA
Instrument = Guitar, Organ, Vocals
Genre = Heavy metal, hard rock, glam metal
Occupation = Musician, Songwriter, Producer
Years_active = 1973–1982
Label = Epic, Sony
Associated_acts = Ozzy Osbourne, Quiet Riot
URL =
Notable_instruments = Jackson RR Signature Model
Karl Sandoval "Polka Dot" Custom Flying V
Gibson Les Paul Custom

Randall William "Randy" Rhoads (December 6, 1956March 19, 1982) was an American heavy metal guitarist who played with Ozzy Osbourne and Quiet Riot. Despite his short career, he is cited as an influence by many contemporary heavy metal guitarists. A devoted student of classical guitar, Rhoads often combined his classical music influences with his own heavy metal style. While on tour with Ozzy Osbourne, he would often seek out classical guitar tutors for lessons.

Biography

Early life

Rhoads was born on December 6, 1956 at St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica, California. He was the youngest of three children. His older brother, Doug, who goes by the name of Kelle Rhoads, is a drummer and vocalist who also arranges classical compositions. His sister's name is Kathy.

When Randy was 17 months old, his father, William Arthur Rhoads, left his mother, but he stayed in touch with Randy even up until his son's death. Delores Rhoads, and the three children. Mrs. Rhoads has owned and operated the Musonia School of Music in North Hollywood, California since 1949. Rhoads started playing guitar at age 7 on his grandfather's old Gibson "Army-Navy" classical acoustic guitar. According to Rhoads' mother, he learned to play folk guitar, which was a popular way to learn guitar at the time, although he did not take lessons for very long. Rhoads was always evolving toward a hard rock/metal lead guitar style, but he was heavily influenced by classical music as well. This can be heard on Ozzy Osbourne tracks like "Dee" (an instrumental he named for his mother Delores), "Mr. Crowley", "Diary of a Madman", "You Can't Kill Rock And Roll", "Crazy Train" and "Revelation (Mother Earth)".

Quiet Riot

At the age of 14 Rhoads formed a cover band called Violet Fox (after his mother's middle name, Violet), with his older brother Kelle on drums. Violet Fox staged several performances in the "Grand Salon" at Musonia, Delores Rhoads' music school. Among their setlist was "Mississippi Queen" by Mountain, as well as songs from The Rolling Stones, Alice Cooper, and David Bowie. After the dissolution of Violet Fox, Rhoads taught his best friend Kelly Garni how to play bass, and together they formed a band called The Whore(who rehearsed during the day at Rodney Biggenheimer's English Disco, a famous '70s Hollywood nightspot), who spent several months playing at backyard parties around Los Angeles. Together the pair went on to form Quiet Riot when Rhoads was about 17 (according to Rhoads' mother). Kevin DuBrow auditioned for vocalist in Rhoads' kitchen after he convinced Rhoads and Garni to give him a chance. The drummer, Drew Forsyth, was already in the picture and had periodically played with Rhoads and Garni in the past.

Quiet Riot initially played in small bars in Hollywood and local parties in Burbank, eventually playing at the two main L.A. music clubs of the day — the Whisky a Go Go, and The Starwood. While the band had a strong following in the L.A. club scene, they were unable to secure a major recording contract in the United States. Eventually, however, the band was able to land a record deal with Japanese label CBS/Sony Records and "Quiet Riot" and "Quiet Riot II" were released in Japan.

Career with Ozzy Osbourne

In 1979, ex-Black Sabbath singer Ozzy Osbourne was forming a new band. Future Slaughter bassist Dana Strum recommended Rhoads to Osbourne. Rhoads got the call for the audition just before his final show with Quiet Riot. He walked in with his Les Paul guitar and a practice amp and started warming up; Osbourne immediately gave him the job. Rhoads recalled later, "I just tuned up and did some riffs, and he said, 'You've got the gig.' I had the weirdest feeling, because I thought, 'You didn't even hear me yet.'" Osbourne described Rhoads' playing as "God entering my life." Rhoads subsequently recommended his friend Greg Leon, who also taught guitar at Musonia for Rhoads' mother, to replace him in Quiet Riot, and then departed for the UK to write and record with Osbourne in November 1979.

The band, then known as the Blizzard of Ozz, headed into the studio to record the band's debut album, which would also be called "Blizzard of Ozz". Rhoads' guitar playing had changed due to the level of freedom allowed by Ozzy and Bob Daisley and he was encouraged to play what he wanted. His work with Quiet Riot has been criticized as being "dull" and did not rely on classical scales or arrangements. [All Music [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:gbfoxqrjldfe Quiet Riot 1977] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] Propelled by Rhoads' neo-classical guitar work, the album proved an instant hit with rock fans, particularly in the USA. They released two singles from the album: "Mr. Crowley" and the hit "Crazy Train". The British tour of 1980-81 for Blizzard of Ozz was with Bob Daisley and Lee Kerslake. After the UK tour, the band wrote another LP before the US Blizzard of Ozz tour. But before the US Blizzard tour, both Lee Kerslake and Bob Daisley were fired by Sharon Osbourne. For the US Blizzard tour, Tommy Aldridge and Rudy Sarzo were hired. "Diary of a Madman" was released soon after "Blizzard of Ozz" in October 1981, and since Kerslake and Daisley were already out of the band, Aldridge and Sarzo's photos appear on the album sleeve. This was the source of many future court battles.

Around this time Rhoads remarked to Osbourne, fellow Ozz bandmates Tommy Aldridge and Rudy Sarzo, and friend Kelly Garni that he was considering leaving rock for a few years to earn a degree in classical guitar. In the documentary "Don't Blame Me", Osbourne confirmed Randy's desire to earn the degree and stated that had he lived, he didn't believe Randy would have stayed in his band. Friend and ex-Quiet Riot bassist Kelly Garni has stated in interviews that if Randy had continued to play rock, he might have gone the route of more keyboard-driven rock, which had become very popular through the 1980s.

It was at this time that Rhoads was beginning to receive recognition for his playing. Just before his death Jackson Guitars created a signature model, the Jackson Randy Rhoads or Randy Rhoads Pro (though it was recommended to be called the Jackson Concorde). Randy received two prototypes — one in black and one in white — but died before the guitar went into production. Rhoads also received the Best New Talent award from "Guitar Player".

Death

Randy Rhoads last show was played on Thursday March 18 1982 at the Knoxville Civic Coliseum in Knoxville, Tennessee.On March 19, 1982, the band was headed to a festival in Orlando, Florida. After driving much of the night, they stopped at the house of Jerry Calhoun, the bus company's owner, in Leesburg, Florida. The driver, Andrew Aycock, took Rhoads and hairdresser Rachel Youngblood on a flight in a Beechcraft Bonanza he had taken without permission. Apparently, during the flight, a few attempts were made to "buzz" the tour bus where the other band members were sleeping. [National Transportation Safety Board [http://ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=20020917X02406&key=1 MIA82FA078] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] They succeeded two times but the third attempt went wrong. The right wing clipped the left side of the tour bus by accident, leading to the crash of the plane into Calhoun's nearby mansion, completely destroying its front. Nobody in the mansion was hurt. Rhoads, age 25, was killed instantly, as were Aycock, 36, and Youngblood, 58. It was later determined in an autopsy that Aycock had a trace of cocaine in his system at the time; Rhoads' toxicology test revealed no illicit drugs. The NTSB investigation also determined that Aycock's medical certificate was expired and that the biennial flight review required for all pilots was overdue. [National Transportation Safety Board [http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/GenPDF.asp?id=MIA82FA078&rpt=fa Factual Report of the accident from the National Transportation Safety Board] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]

Randy's funeral was held at the First Lutheran Church in Burbank, CA, which he attended as a child. He is interred at Mountain View Cemetery in San Bernardino, California where his grandparents are also buried. At the time, Randy's mother was living in Burbank.

Equipment

Guitars

* 1974 Cream Gibson Les Paul Custom
* Black Gibson Les Paul Custom
* Karl Sandoval Polka Dot Flying V
* White Jackson Randy Rhoads w. black pinstripes
* Black Jackson Randy Rhoads
* Guild 12 string acoustic
* Early 60s Fender Stratocaster
* Gibson Firebird 12 string electric guitar
* Martin 6&12 string acoustics

Effects

* VOX 847 Wah Wah pedal
* MXR Distortion plus
* MXR 10 band equalizer
* MXR Stereo flanger
* MXR Stereo chorus
* Maestro Phase Shifter
* Korg Space echo (used occasionally)
* Yamaha Analog delay
* Roland FV-300H Volume Pedal

Amplifiers

* Marshall vintage Super Lead Plexi 100w amp heads (2)
* Marshall 4x12 White cabinets with Altec Lansing speakers (2)
* Marshall 4x12 Black cabinets with Altec Lansing speakers (2)
* Marshall Plexi 100 watt amp (modded)
* Ampeg 4x12 cabinet with Altec Lansing speakers
* Peavey standard 130 watt amp
* Fender Harvard 1x12 amp

Posthumous achievements

In 1987, five years after Rhoads' death, Osbourne released "Tribute", the only official album featuring Osbourne and Rhoads playing together in concert. Most of the album is a live performance from Cleveland, Ohio, recorded on May 11, 1981. Also used in the recording was Rhoads' guitar solo from a show in Montreal, Canada, recorded on July 28, 1981. That whole show had been broadcast on WMMS, and the "King Biscuit Flower Hour", from which it became an extremely popular and fast selling bootleg. The songs "Goodbye to Romance" and "No Bone Movies" from the Tribute album were recorded on the UK Blizzard of Ozz tour at Southampton, on the same date as the Mr. Crowley EP.

Randy was inducted into the Guitar Center Rock Walk (on Sunset Blvd in Hollywood, CA), on March 18 2004. Guests included Dolores Rhoads, Kelle Rhoads, Rudy Sarzo, Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne, Zakk Wylde and Yngwie Malmsteen. In a 2006 Guitar World article, it was mentioned that Rhoads' last name was mistakenly spelled "Rhodes" on his plaque, and by the time it was discovered, there was not enough time to correct the mistake. [Blabbermouth [http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=20500 Induction Marred By Misspelling Shocker] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] It has since been fixed.

As a tribute to Rhoads, Marshall Amplification released the 1959RR at NAMM 2008. The amp is a limited-edition all-white Marshall Super Lead 100 watt head modeled after Randy's own Super Lead amp. Marshall engineers looked extensively at Rhoads' actual amplifier and made the 1959RR to those exact specifications, right down to the special high-gain modification Randy specifically requested when he visited the Marshall factory in 1980. [Premier Guitar [http://www.premierguitar.com/Magazine/Issue/Daily/News/NAMM_VIDEO_Marshalls_New_Randy_Rhoads_Amp.aspx Marshall's New Randy Rhoads Amp] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]

Honors

* Placed 85th on Rolling Stone Magazine's 100 Greatest Guitarists. [Rolling Stone [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5937559/the_100_greatest_guitarists_of_all_time/ The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]
* Placed 4th on Guitar World Magazine's 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Guitarists. [Blabbermouth [http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/Blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=18446 GUITAR WORLD's 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Guitarists Of All Time] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]
* Crazy Train and Mr. Crowley placed 9th and 28th respectivley on Guitar World's 100 Greatest Guitar Solos readers poll. [About.com: Guitar [http://guitar.about.com/library/bl100greatest.htm 100 Greatest Guitar Solos] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]
* Named one of the fastest guitar players in Guitar World's 50 Fastest Guitarists list. [deviantART [http://forum.deviantart.com/entertainment/music/1092964/ Guitar World's 50 Fastest Guitarists of All Time] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]
* "Crazy Train" placed 51 in Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time" list. [ Rolling Stone [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/20947527/the_100_greatest_guitar_songs_of_all_time/print The 100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time] Retrieved on July 18 2008.]

Influence

Despite his youth and relatively limited recorded work, Rhoads has influenced many notable guitar players including: Zakk Wylde [Gibson [http://www.gibson.com/whatsnew/pressrelease/2002/mar8a.html Interview with Zakk Wylde] ] , Alex Skolnick, George Lynch [Phil Brodie Band [http://philbrodieband.com/muso_george_lynch.htm GEORGE LYNCH] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] , Alexi Laiho [FourteenG [http://www.fourteeng.net/alexilaiho.html Alexi Laiho interview] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] , Warren DeMartini, Dimebag Darrell, Jerry Cantrell, Dweezil Zappa, Paul Gilbert, [Metal-Rules [http://www.metal-rules.com/interviews/paulgilbert-May2004.htm Interview With Paul Gilbert] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] Marty Friedman, Buckethead [MTV [http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1458813/20021121/guns_n_roses.jhtml Beneath The Bucket, Behind The Mask: Kurt Loder Meets GN'R's Buckethead] Retrieved on July 18 2008.] , Chris Impellitteri, Dan Spitz, John Petrucci, Dan Diaz, Criss Oliva, Tony MacAlpine, Jake E. Lee, Joel Stroetzel, Michael Angelo Batio, Carlos Cavazo, Vinnie Vincent, Vinnie Moore, Doug Aldrich and Rafael Bittencourt [Angra.Net [http://angra.net/theBand.aspx] Retrieved on September 05 2008.] .

Discography

:"Also see: Ozzy Osbourne discography"

With Quiet Riot

* "Quiet Riot" (1977)
* "Quiet Riot II" (1978)

With Ozzy Osbourne

* "Blizzard of Ozz" (1980)
* "Diary of a Madman" (1981)
* "Tribute" (1987)

References

External links

* [http://www.books.com.tw/exep/prod/lookinside.php?item=F030009900#p Guitar World 2007 article on the discovery of the third Randy Rhoads guitar (p. 64)]
*
* [http://www.randyrhoadsfilm.com/ Randy Rhoads Documentary] Dakota Pictures (2009).


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