- Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence (
November 29 1338– October 7 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of Edward III of Englandand Philippa of Hainault. He was so called because he was born at Antwerp.
Betrothed when a child to
Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster(d. 1363), daughter and heiress of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster(d. 1332), he was married to her in 1352, but before this date he had entered into possession of her great Irish inheritance. He was called Earl of Ulsterfrom 1347.
Having been named as his father's representative in England in 1345 and again in 1346, Lionel joined an expedition into
Francein 1355, but his chief energies were reserved for the affairs of Ireland.
Appointed governor of that country, he landed at Dublin in 1361, and in November of the following year was created
Duke of Clarence, while his father made an abortive attempt to secure for him the crown of Scotland. His efforts to secure an effective authority over his Irish lands were only moderately successful; and after holding a parliament at Kilkenny, which passed the celebrated Statute of Kilkenny in 1367, he dropped the task in disgust and returned to England.
Lionel's wife died in Dublin in 1363, leaving behind a daughter, Philippa, whose descendants would one day claim the throne for the
House of York. A second marriage was arranged for Lionel with Violante (c. 1353 - November 1386), daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia(d. 1378); the enormous dowry which Galeazzo promised with his daughter being exaggerated by the rumour of the time. Journeying to fetch his bride, Lionel was received in great state both in France and Italy, and was married to Violante at Milanon 28 May 1368. Some months were then spent in festivities, during which Lionel was taken ill at Alba, where he died. There was strong speculation at the time that he had been poisoned by his father-in-law [ Frances Stonor Saunders, "Hawkwood: Diabolical Englishman" (2004). specify] although this has never been proven.
His only child,
Philippa Plantagenet, married in 1368 Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March(1351-1381). Their granddaughter and eventual heir, Anne Mortimer, married into the Yorkist branch of the English Royal family. The House of York based its claim to the throne on this line of descent.
Geoffrey Chaucerwas at one time a page in Lionel's household.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Lionel's arms were at some point those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points, with each point bearing a cross gules. [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ] There are also suggestions, such as the image to the right, that at some point he bore a differentiating label argent of three points, each bearing a canton gules.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence — Sir George of York Plantagenet Duke of Clarence Earl of Warwick Earl of Salisbury Spouse Isabella Neville Issue Anne of York Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick … Wikipedia
Duke of Clarence — For the ship, see TSS Duke of Clarence. Duke of Clarence is a title which has been traditionally awarded to junior members of the English and British Royal families. The first three creations were in the Peerage of England, the fourth in the… … Wikipedia
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the historical figure John of Gaunt. For places and organisations named after him, see John O Gaunt. John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine Successor … Wikipedia
Antwerp — French: Anvers ) is a city and municipality in Belgium and the capital of the Antwerp province in Flanders, one of Belgium s three regions. Antwerp s total population is 472,071 (as of January 2008) and its total area is 204.51 km², giving a… … Wikipedia
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Richard Plantagenet title =Duke of York imgw = 190px succession =Duke of York predecessor =Edward of Norwich successor =Edward Plantagenet spouse =Cecily Neville, Duchess of York issue =Joan of York Anne of… … Wikipedia
List of people from Antwerp — This is a list of notable people from Antwerp, who were either born in Antwerp, or spent part of their life there. Self Portrait, by Anthony Van Dyck Contents 1 … Wikipedia
William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings — (c. 1431 ndash; 13 June 1483) became one of the great powers of the English realm during the reign of Edward IV of England, but was executed to prevent him from opposing the usurpation of his one time companion, Richard III. Hastings father was… … Wikipedia
Edward III of England — This article is about the King of England. For other uses, see Edward III (disambiguation). Edward III … Wikipedia
Descent of Elizabeth II from William I — This list shows the most senior line of descent of Elizabeth II from William I of England. Each person on the list is the son or daughter of the person above him or her on the list. There are many other more junior lines of descent of the family … Wikipedia
Anne de Mortimer — (27 December, 1390 ndash; September, 1411) was an English noblewoman in line of succession for the throne of England. Birth and lineage Anne was born on 27 December 1390 in New Forest, Westmeath, Ireland, the daughter of Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl… … Wikipedia