- Education in El Salvador
Education in El Salvador follows a (1 or 2) -9-2-5 system:
*One or two years of
preschool(called "kinder", short for kindergarten), which are not part of the State's Educational System.
*Nine years of "Basic Education" divided in three Cycles of three grades each:
**1st Cycle: from 1st to 3rd grades,
**2nd Cycle: from 4th to 6th grades,
**3rd Cycle: from 7th to 9th grades, which is a transition time between primary and
secondary education/ high school(e.g. specialized teachers for each assignment).
*Two (or an optional three years technical program) of Middle Education:
**Two year "General Bachelor's Degree" (High school Degree)
** (or an optional) Three year "Technical Bachelor's Degree" (Technical High school degree) ("e.g. Accountancy, Computer Science, Secretary Degree, etc.")
*Five years (minimum) of
universityor other tertiary education.
However, the national
educational systemis not the only one available.
Pre-university education is not free. The State provides
public educationfor which a fee is paid "if the person paying can afford it" and only "one payment per family" is made (i.e. siblings pay only one fee). Public educationis nevertheless inconstant in quality, being even extremely poor in rural areas and not so good in urban areas.
University of El Salvador(UES) is the only public University in the country.
In 2002, the literacy rate was 77% for females and 82% for males.
1992the Ministry of Education under Cecilia Gallardo de Canoembarked on a program of reform of basic education.
* [http://www.ues.edu.sv University of El Salvador (Spanish)]
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