Morton and Hanthorpe


Morton and Hanthorpe

Coordinates: 52°48′10″N 0°22′22″W / 52.80268°N 0.37291°W / 52.80268; -0.37291

Morton and Hanthorpe
Morton high street-Geograph-693588-by-Ian-Paterson.jpg
Morton High Street
Hanthorpe - geograph.org.uk - 97258.jpg
Hanthorpe
Morton and Hanthorpe is located in Lincolnshire
Morton and Hanthorpe

 Morton and Hanthorpe shown within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference TF097240
District South Kesteven
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOURNE
Postcode district PE10
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places: UK • England • Lincolnshire

Morton and Hanthorpe is a civil parish, formerly known as Morton by Bourne in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. There are other villages and hamlets in the county with the name of Morton. There are 921 households in Morton and 74 in Hanthorpe.[citation needed]

Morton Grade I listed Anglican parish church is dedicated to St John the Baptist.[1] The ecclesiastical parish is Morton (Bourne), part of the Ringstone and Aveland group of the deanery of Beltisloe, Diocese of Lincoln. The incumbent is The Revd David Creasey.[2]

Geography

Morton lies on the western margin of The Fens on three sorts of land, the upland, the fen edge and the fen. The parish was laid out in an elongated form so as to provide access to each of these. At the highest edge, in the west, the geology is chalky till (boulder clay) but most of the upland is Jurassic, including a little Oxford Clay but mostly Kellaways Sand and some Cornbrash and Kellaways Clay. The fen edge consists of First Terrace Gravel with a little Glacial Gravel. The landward part of the fen was black soil, composed largely of peat. Over the two and half centuries since the land was drained, this has largely oxidized away leaving the underlying First Terrace gravel and the mainly clays of the Barroway Drove Beds. These beds form the central part of the fen as well, as they do at the eastern end of the parish. However, there, there is a broad ridge of the Terrington Beds, the remains of a huge marine creek which was not laid down until the Bronze Age and was still active when the Romans diverted Bourne Eau into it by means of what is called by archaeologists 'the Bourne-Morton Canal'. Our medieval ancestors knew it as the Old Ea[citation needed].

History

The village is in two parts, one each side of the fen-edge road, the A15. To the fenward side is Morton and to the upland side is Hanthorpe. The earlier name is that of Morton which will come from the acid peat land which the Anglian settlers found in the fen in around the year 500. The name therefore indicates that the fen was to a significant extent better called the bog in modern terminology. They were Germanic speakers so they called it a moor. Hanthorpe is a name indicating a subsidiary settlement established in the period of the Danish settlements, probably in the tenth century.

The church and the later signs of the manorial centre are in Morton. The church is built in the Early English and Perpendicular styles, and was restored in 1860 and 1951.[3] A baptist chapel was built in 1875, and closed around a hundred years later.[4]

In the late 19th century Morton Road railway station opened in 1872 and finally closed in 1964.[5]

A gazetteer of the 19th century[6] said:

MORTON, a village and a parish in Bourne district, Lincoln. The village stands near Car dyke; 2½ miles N by E of Bourn r. station, and has a post office under. Bourn. The parish contains also the hamlet of Hanthorpe. Acres, 3,390. Real property, £9,382. Pop. in 1851,938; in 1861,1,008. Houses, 203. The manor belongs to the Marquis of Exeter. Hanthorpe House is the seat of W. Parker, Esq. The living is a vicarage, united with the vicarage of Hacconby, in the diocese of Lincoln. Value, £400.* Patron, the Bishop of Lincoln. The church is ancient; was restored in 1861; and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with a tower. There are a Baptist chapel, a free school, and charities £33.

—Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales

References

  1. ^ "Church of St John the Baptist", National Heritage List for England, English Heritage. Retrieved 16 August 2011
  2. ^ "Morton (Bourne) P C C", Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 16 August 2011
  3. ^ "National Monument record:Church". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=348460. 
  4. ^ "National Monument record:Chapel". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1379855. 
  5. ^ "National Monument record:Station". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=507045. 
  6. ^ Wilson, John Marius, ed (1872). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. 

External links


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