Kut


Kut

:"For the town in Armenia, see Kut, Armenia."Al-Kūt (ArB|الكوت; BGN: Al Kūt; also spelled Kut-Al-Imara or Kut El Amara) is a city in eastern Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris River, about 100 miles south east of Baghdad. As of 2003 the estimated population is about 374,000 people. [http://www.iraqcoalition.org/regions/south-central/provinces/english/wasit.html] It is the capital of the province long known as Al Kut, but since the 1960s renamed Wasit.

The old town of Kut is within a sharp "U" bend of the river, almost making it an island but for a narrow connection to the shore. For centuries Kut was a regional center of the carpet trade. The area around Kut is a fertile cereal grain growing region. The Baghdad Nuclear Research Facility, looted following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, is located near Kut.

The siege of Kut

Al-Kut was the scene of fierce battle during World War I. The British Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force, led by General Townshend, marched north from Basra in September 1915 in what became known as the Mesopotamian Campaign. They reached Al-kut on September 26, where after three days of fighting they drove the Ottoman into the womb.

After a halt of nearly 9 months, Townshend then headed up river to Ctesiphon. Following a battle there, the British forces withdrew back to Kut. On December 7, 1915, the Turks, under their commander Baron von der Goltz, arrived at Kut and began a siege. The British cavalry under Colonel Gerard Leachman succeeded in breaking out, but Townshend and the bulk of the force remained besieged. Many attempts were made to relieve Townshend's forces, but all were defeated. Some 23,000 British and Indian soldiers died in the attempts to retake Kut, probably the worst loss of life for the British away from the European theater. Near the end of the siege, T. E. Lawrence and Aubrey Herbert of British Intelligence unsuccessfully tried to bribe Khalil Pasha to allow the troops to escape.

Townshend, with some 8,000 surviving soldiers, finally surrendered Kut on April 29, 1916. The captured soldiers were divided, where the officers were sent to separate facilities, and many of the enlisted soldiers were impressed into hard labour until the surrender of the Ottoman Empire; more than half of them died. The British went back on the offensive in December 1916 with a larger and better supplied force under General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude and reconquered Kut on February 23, 1917.

References


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  • kut — kȗt m <G kúta, N mn kútovi> DEFINICIJA 1. mat. dio ravnine omeđen dvjema zrakama (krakovi kuta) sa zajedničkom početnom točkom (vrh kuta); ako je istaknut poredak zraka, kut je orijentiran; ovisno o orijentaciji, razlikuju se nul kut i puni …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kut U Up — Origin San Diego, California, USA Genres Indie rock Experimental Alternative rock Post hardcore Years active 1998–2003 2008 present …   Wikipedia

  • Kut — (también conocida como Kut al Imara y Kut El Amara) es una ciudad al este de Irak, en la ribera izquierda del río Tigris, a unos 160 km al sureste de Bagdad. Sus coordenadas son: latitud 32º30 N, longitud 45º50 E. En 2003, se estima que la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kut — (también conocida como Kut al Imara y Kut El Amara) es una ciudad al este de Iraq, en la ribera izquierda del río Tigris, a unos 160 km al sureste de Bagdad. Sus coordenadas son: latitud 32º30 N, longitud 45º50 E. En 2003, se estima que la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kut — Kut,   früher Kut al Amara, Kut el Imara, Handelsstadt in Ostirak, Verwaltungssitz der Provinz Wasit, am unteren Tigris, von dem hier der Nebenarm Schatt el Gharraf zum Euphrat abzweigt, 19 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 183 200 Einwohner;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • kȗt — m 〈G kúta, N mn kútovi〉 1. {{001f}}mat. dio ravnine omeđen dvjema zrakama (krakovi kuta) sa zajedničkom početnom točkom (vrh kuta) [šiljasti ∼; tupi ∼]; ako je istaknut poredak zraka, kut je orijentiran; ovisno o orijentaciji, razlikuju se nul… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • kut — kut·na·ho·rite; kut·tar; whil·kut; ya·kut; …   English syllables

  • kut- — *kut germ., Substantiv: nhd. Eingeweide, Innerei; ne. guts (Plural); Rekontruktionsbasis: mnd.; Etymologie: s. ing. *geud , *gud , Verb, biegen, krümmen, wölben, Pokorny 394; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • kut — kut, uğur, devlet, baht, talih, saadet, I, 85, 92, 164, 200, 272, 301, 304, 320, 384. 508; II, 177. 229 kut almak …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • KUT — Infobox Radio station name = KUT FM city = Austin, Texas area = Austin Round Rock metropolitan area branding = KUT 90.5 slogan = airdate = frequency = 90.5 MHz HD Radio 90.5 HD 2 for BBC World Service format = Public radio affiliations = NPR… …   Wikipedia


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