Smörgåsbord IPA| [ˌsmœrɡɔsˈbuːɖ] is a Swedish word which refers to a type of Scandinavian meal served
buffet-style in Swedish cuisine. In Norway it is called a koldtbord and in Denmark it is called a kolde bord. It is typically a holiday or celebratory feast at which the family and guests can help themselves to whatever takes their fancy from a range of dishes laid out for their choice. In a restaurant, the term refers to a buffet-style table laid out with many small dishes from which, for a fixed amount of money, one is allowed to choose as many as one wishes. [http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Sm%C3%B6rg%C3%A5sbord]
A traditional Swedish "smörgåsbord" consists of both hot and cold dishes. It is customary to begin with the cold fish dishes which are generally various form of
herring, salmon, eeland so forth. After eating the dishes, people usually continue with other cold dishes, and round off with hot dishes such as Swedish meatballs ("köttbullar"), and other specialties like " Janssons frestelse." Dessertmay or may not be included in a smörgåsbord. [http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Sm%C3%B6rg%C3%A5sbord]
The Swedish word "smörgåsbord" is a combination word consisting of the words "smörgås" (translated "
sandwich") and "bord" (translated "table"). "Smörgås" (sandwich) in turn consists of the words "smör" (literally "butter") and "gås" (literally "goose", but in its old meaning, it's the churned butter floating on the skimmed milk).
According to a Swedish
linguist, " Catharina Grünbaum" [cite web
url = http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=1637&a=592509
title = Varför smörgåsar och inte smörgäss?
accessdate = 2007-11-14
author = Catharina Grünbaum
date = 2006-11-27
Dagens Nyheter, Kultur
language = Swedish
quote = ] , "gås" referred to pieces of butter that formed and floated to the surface of cream when it was churned; these pieces resembled fat geese swimming to the surface. Such pieces were just the right size to be placed and flattened out on bread. "Smörgås" came to mean butter and bread together. In Sweden, the term "bredda smörgåsar" (buttered sandwiches) has been used since at least the 16th century, and nowadays refers not only to buttered bread but also buttered bread with foodstuffs between sandwiches.
Julbord is a compound word consisting of the elements "jul", meaning
Yule(today synonymous with Christmas) and "bord", literally table. The classic Swedish "julbord" is the traditional "smörgåsbord" served from the beginning of December until just before Christmasin homes and at restaurants. A traditional "julbord" is typically eaten in three courses. The first course consists of the cured salmon, pickled herring and eel served in a variety of sauces. It is customary to eat particular foods together to ensure the appropriate combination of taste and textures. For example, herring is typically eaten with boiled potatoes and hard-boiled eggs and is frequently accompanied by a snapsof vodkawith or without spice.
The second course of a selection consists of cold sliced meats, such as
roast beef, and "julskinka" ( Christmas ham). Sliced Cheese, cucumbersand liver pate are often eaten on top of hard bread.
The third course of hot dishes include "köttbullar" (Swedish
meatballs), "prinskorv" (small sausages), " kåldolmar" (meat stuffed cabbage rolls), jellied pigs' feet, lutfisk(a reconstituted dried codserved with thick white sauce), "revbenspjäll" (oven-roasted pork ribs), and " Janssons frestelse" (literally "Jansson's Temptation", a baked dish of matchstick potatoes layered with cream, onion and sprats). Side dishes include beetrootsalad and warm stewed red cabbage.
Julbord desserts include "risgrynsgröt",
rice porridgesprinkled with cinnamonpowder. [http://media.hd.se/2006/12/14/185624/large/grot1.jpgphoto] Traditionally, an almondis hidden in the bowl of rice porridge and whoever finds it receives a small prize or is recognized for having good luck. There is also a traditional saying that the one who gets the almond will get married within a year.Fact|date=November 2007
Use of the term in English
In English, the word "smörgåsbord" (or often "smorgasbord") refers loosely to any
buffetwith a variety of dishes — not necessarily with any connection to the Swedish traditions discussed in this article. In an extended sense, the word is used to refer to any situation which invites patrons to select whatever they wish among several pleasant things, such as the smorgasbord of university courses, books in a bookstore, etc. It is also used as a metaphorto indicate any diverse group, synonymous with hodge-podge.Fact|date=November 2007
Australia, the word "smorgasbord" is often used for any form of buffet, including the noted Australian Buffet. Smorgasbords are very popular at privately hosted parties.
Canada, "Chinese smorgasbord" is a buffet style used for Canadian Chinese cuisine. This tradition dates back to Gastown, British Columbia, which later became Vancouver, when Scandinavian-immigrant mill workers and loggers encouraged their Chinese cooks to arrange Chinese food as it was done in their homelands.Fact|date=August 2007
Cuisine of Sweden
* [http://www.sr.se/cgi-bin/International/nyhetssidor/artikel.asp?nyheter=1&ProgramID=2054&Artikel=525717 The essential Julbord from Radio Sweden including recipes]
* [http://www.dlc.fi/~marianna/gourmet/smorgasb.htm History of Smörgåsbord, Smörgåsbord table setting and etiquette]
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Smorgasbord — Smörgåsbord mit Hauptgerichten Julbord auf dem Schärendampfer Gustavsberg VII Smörgåsbord ist ein schwedisches Buffet … Deutsch Wikipedia
Smörgåsbord — mit Hauptgerichten Julbord auf dem … Deutsch Wikipedia
smorgasbord — ☆ smorgasbord or smörgåsbord [smôr′gəs bôrd΄, smʉr′gəs bôrd΄ ] n. [Swed smörgåsbord < smörgås, buttered bread < smör, butter (akin to SMEAR) + dial. gås, a clump (of butter), lit., goose (akin to GOOSE) + bord, table (akin to BOARD)] 1. a… … English World dictionary
smorgasbord — 1893, from Swed. smörgôsbord open sandwich table, lit. butter goose table, from smörgôs, which is said to mean bread and butter, but is compounded from smör butter (related to SMEAR (Cf. smear)) and gôs, lit. goose (and from the root of English… … Etymology dictionary
smorgasbord — ► NOUN ▪ a range of open sandwiches and savoury delicacies served as hors d oeuvres or a buffet. ORIGIN Swedish, from smörgås slice of bread and butter + bord table … English terms dictionary
Smörgåsbord — Un Smörgåsbord servido. El Smorgasbord (en sueco [ˌsmœrɡɔsˈbuːɖ]) es un bufé elaborado con diferentes ingredientes típicos de la cocina sueca. La palabra compuesta sueca smörgåsbord está formada por las voces smörgås («sándwich») y bord (« … Wikipedia Español
smorgasbord — /smawr geuhs bawrd , bohrd / or, often, /shmawr /, n. 1. a buffet meal of various hot and cold hors d oeuvres, salads, casserole dishes, meats, cheeses, etc. 2. an extensive array or variety: The company has a smorgasbord of employee benefits.… … Universalium
smorgasbord — [[t]smɔ͟ː(r)gəsbɔː(r)d[/t]] 1) N SING: also no det Smorgasbord is a meal with a variety of hot and cold savoury dishes, from which people serve themselves. 2) N SING: usu N of n A smorgasbord of things is a number of different things that are… … English dictionary
smorgasbord — smor|gas|bord [ˈsmo:gəsbo:d US ˈsmo:rgəsbo:rd] n [U and C] [Date: 1800 1900; : Swedish; Origin: smörgåsbord, from smörgås open sandwich + bord table ] 1.) a smorgasbord of sth a large variety of different things ▪ a smorgasbord of art from around … Dictionary of contemporary English
Smörgåsbord — Smör|gås|bord 〈[smø:rgɔ:s ] m. 6; schwed. Kochk.〉 kaltes Buffet * * * Smör|gås|bord [ smø:rgo:s…], der; s, s [schwed. smörgåsbord, eigtl. = Tisch mit Butterbroten, aus: smörgås = Butterbrot; zu: smör = Butter (verw. mit ↑ Schmer) u. bord = Tisch… … Universal-Lexikon