Cottage pie


Cottage pie
An example of cottage pie, made with minced beef

Cottage pie or shepherd's pie is a meat pie with a crust of mashed potato.[1][2][3][4]

The term cottage pie is known to have been in use in 1791,[2][5][6] when the potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "cottage" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).

In early cookery books, the dish was a means of using leftover roasted meat of any kind, and the pie dish was lined with mashed potato as well as having a mashed potato crust on top.[7][8]

The term "shepherd's pie" did not appear until 1877,[2] and since then it has sometimes (incorrectly) been used synonymously with "cottage pie", regardless of whether the principal ingredient was beef or mutton.[1][4][6][7][8][9][10] The term "shepherd's pie" should be used when the meat is mutton or lamb,[11] [12] with the origin being that shepherds are concerned with sheep[13] and not cattle.[14][15] [16]This may, however, be an example of folk etymology.

Contents

Variations

File:Shepherds Pie1.jpg
Shepherdess Pie with peas
  • The Cumberland pie is a version with a layer of bread crumbs on top.[17]
  • A similar British dish made with fish is a fish pie.
  • A vegetarian version (occasionally named "Shepherdess Pie") can be made using soya or other meat substitutes (like tofu or Quorn), or legumes such as lentils or chick peas,.
  • In Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia and Chile a similar dish is called "pastel de papa (potato pie).
  • In the Dominican Republic this is called pastelón de papa (potato casserole), it has a layer of potatoes, one or two of meat, and another of potatoes, topped with a layer of cheese.
  • In France, a similar dish is called hachis Parmentier.
  • In Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon a similar dish is referred to as "Siniyet Batata" (literally meaning a plate of potatoes), or "Kibbet Batata".
  • In Quebec, a similar dish is called pâté chinois (literally, "Chinese pie").
  • In Russia, a similar dish is called "Картофельная запеканка" (Kartofel'naya zapekanka, or "potato baked pudding").
  • In Brazil a similar dish is called "bolo de batata" (literally meaning a potato cake)
  • In Portugal a similar dish is called "Empadão", with two layers of mashed potatoes and a layer of minced beef in between.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 1933
  2. ^ a b c Merriam-Webster Online
  3. ^ "The Chambers Dictionary", Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 1999
  4. ^ a b Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh Edition (Revised), Oxford University Press, 2006
  5. ^ An A to Z of Food and Drink by John Ayto, published by Oxford University Press, 2002
  6. ^ a b The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms. Routledge. 1990. http://books.google.com/books?id=vAQOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA81&dq=cottage+pie. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  7. ^ a b Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management by Isabella Beeton, 1861.
  8. ^ a b Cassell's New Universal Cookery Book by Lizzie Heritage published by Cassell and Company, 1894
  9. ^ The Constance Spry Cookery Book by Constance Spry and Rosemary Hume, J M Dent & Sons, 1956
  10. ^ Chambers Dictionary, Ninth Edition, published by Chambers Harrap Publishing Ltd, 2003
  11. ^ "Delia Smith: Shepherds Pie with Crusted Leeks". http://www.deliaonline.com/recipes/shepherds-pie-with-cheese-crusted-leeks,713,RC.html. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  12. ^ "BBC Food Recipies: Shepherd's Pie". http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/recipes/shepherdspie_2077. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  13. ^ "Shepherds' Pie and Cottage Pie". http://www.fellwalk.co.uk/londonfood3.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  14. ^ "Comments on what kind of lamb for Shepherd's Pie". http://chowhound.chow.com/topics/283678#1514818. Retrieved 2009-02-11. .
  15. ^ "Comments on Low Fat Shepherd's Pie recipe". http://lowfatcooking.about.com/b/2007/09/25/low-fat-shepherds-pie.htm#gB3. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  16. ^ "BBC Food Recipies: Classic cottage pie". http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/recipes/classiccottagepie_90765. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  17. ^ "What is Cumberland Pie?". http://britishfood.about.com/od/glossary/g/cumberlandpie.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

External links

Shepherd's pie recipe at Wikibooks "Shepherdess Pie" Recipes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cottage pie — cottage pies N VAR Cottage pie is a dish which consists of minced meat in gravy with mashed potato on top. [BRIT] Syn: shepherd s pie …   English dictionary

  • cottage pie — ► NOUN Brit. ▪ a dish of minced meat topped with browned mashed potato …   English terms dictionary

  • Cottage pie — Exemple de cottage pie, préparé avec du bœuf haché. Le cottage pie, ou shepherd s pie, est un mets d origine britannique constitué d une tourte à la viande avec une croûte de purée de pommes de terre[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cottage pie — noun a dish of minced meat topped with mashed potatoes • Regions: ↑United Kingdom, ↑UK, ↑U.K., ↑Britain, ↑United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, ↑Great Britain • Hypernyms: ↑dish …   Useful english dictionary

  • cottage pie — UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms cottage pie : singular cottage pie plural cottage pies British a meal made from small pieces of cooked meat, especially beef, covered with a layer of cooked potato and baked in an oven …   English dictionary

  • cottage pie — noun Date: 1791 a shepherd s pie made especially with beef …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cottage pie — ➡ shepherd’s pie. * * * …   Universalium

  • cottage pie — noun A meat pie having a mashed potato crust, especially made with beef …   Wiktionary

  • cottage pie — /kɒtɪdʒ ˈpaɪ/ (say kotij puy) noun → shepherd s pie …   Australian English dictionary

  • cottage pie — noun Brit. a dish of minced meat topped with browned mashed potato …   English new terms dictionary


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