Pamphylian Greek


Pamphylian Greek

Pamphylian is a little-attested and isolated dialect of Ancient Greek which was spoken in Pamphylia, on the southern coast of Asia Minor. Its origins and relation to other Greek dialects are uncertain. A number of scholars have distinguished in Pamphylian dialect important isoglosses with Arcadocypriot which allow them to be studied together. Pamphylia means "land of all phyles, tribes". Apart from Achaeans who may have settled there under Amphilochus, Calchas and Mopsus, Aspendos was a colony of Argos, Side of Aeolian Cyme, Sillyon of unknown Greek mother-city and Perga of mixed Anatolian population. The isolation of the dialect took place even before the appearance of the Greek article. Pamphylian is the only dialect that does not use articles with the exception of Mycenaean and Poetic language.

Glossary

*Polytonic|ἀβελιακόν "abêliakon" solar (Attic Polytonic|ἡλιακόν heliakon)
*Polytonic|Ἀβώβας "Abôbas" Polytonic|ὁ Ἄδωνις Adonis
*Polytonic|ἄγεθλα " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23411 agethla] " sacrificial victims (Attic the driven ones)
*Polytonic|ἀγός "agos" priest (Attic hiereus) (Cf. agô lead)
*Polytonic|ἀδρί "adri" (Attic Polytonic|ἀνδρί andri,dative of aner,to(for) the man)
*Polytonic|Ἀηδών Aêdôn or Polytonic|Ἀβηδών Abêdôn Athena
*Polytonic|αἰβετός " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%232115 aibetos] " eagle (from aiWetos) (Attic Polytonic|ἀετός aetos)
*Polytonic|ἀμείνασις " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%235112 ameinasis] " mentha (Attic Polytonic|ἡδύοσμον hêdyosmon) Pergaean
*Polytonic|Ἀπέλο̄ν "Apelon" (Attic polytonic|Ἀπόλλων) (Doric also)
*Polytonic|ἄρκυμα " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2315208 arkuma] " locust (Attic Polytonic|ἀκρίς "akris") Pergian
*Polytonic|ἀτρώποισι "atrôpoisi" or Polytonic|ἀτρο̄́ποισι dative,plural (Attic Polytonic|τοῖς ἀνθρώποις tois anthropois, to/for the people) (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.7)
*Polytonic|βαβέλιος " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2318962 babelios] " sun ( Cretan Doric Polytonic|ἀβέλιος abelios , Laconian Polytonic|βέλα bela , Aeolic Polytonic|ἀέλιος aelios Ionic Polytonic|ἠέλιος ēelios Attic helios )
*Polytonic|βόϝα [Pamph. — Sillyon 400-350 BC [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=276051&bookid=635&region=8&subregion=41 Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3] .24] "bowa" ("bota boes" oxen,cattles ?)
*Polytonic|βο̄λε̄μενυς "bolemenus" willing (Attic "boulomenos") (Polytonic|ἐβο̄λᾱσετυ "ebolasetu" , Attic "eboulêthêsan" 'they wanted to') (3.14 , 3.8)
*Polytonic|βουρικυπάρισσος " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2320671 bourikuparissos] " vineyard (Attic ampelos) bouri ? + cypress (Pergaean)
*Polytonic|Εστϝεδιιυς "Estwediius" Aspendios Aspendian
*Polytonic|ϝέτιια "wetiia" years (Attic etê) (Homeric etea)(Locrian,Elean,Arcadocypriot: [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2343292 Wetos] year, cf. Latin vetus)
*Polytonic|ϝίλσις " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2350399 wilsis] " gen. wilsiios 'distress' (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.2)
*Polytonic|ἰκτίς "iktis" (Attic Polytonic|αἴλουρος aílouros cat or member of Felidae)(Attic iktis weasel,skunk)
*Polytonic|ἴοδυ "iodu" imp. they should go (Attic iontôn) (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.19)
*Polytonic|κασσύας "kassuas" (Attic Polytonic|ὄρκυνος orkunos , orcynus thunnus)
*Polytonic|κατεϝέρξοδυ "katewerxodu" katarxontôn? (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.12)
*Polytonic|κόρκορας " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2359129 korkoras] " a bird , Pergaean (Modern Greek kókoras rooster)
*Polytonic|κόρταφος " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2359174 kortaphos] " (Attic Polytonic|κρόταφος krotaphos) temple (anatomy)
*Polytonic|λάφνη " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2362083 laphnê] " (Attic Polytonic|δάφνη daphne) Pergaean
*Polytonic|λάψα " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2362163 lapsa] " turnip (Attic Polytonic|γογγυλίς gongulis) Pergaean
*Polytonic|νι "ni" (Attic "en" in or "hen" one) (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3)
*Polytonic|ὀρούβωEustahius Od.1654 - The Elements of Greek Grammar [http://books.google.com/books?id=yTQSAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA297&dq=Pamphylian+dialect] by Richard Valpy, Charles Anthon] "oroubô" rush forward (Homeric [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0058%3Aentry%3D%2323673 orouô] , ornumi)
*Polytonic|πέδε "pede" five (Attic Polytonic|πέντε pente) (Modern Greek pronunciation : "pende" informal "pede") (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.5)
*Polytonic|περτέδο̄κε "pertedoke" (perti- pros-) (Attic prosedôke) he gave (Cf.Aeolic [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2388444 pres] for Attic pros (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 17)
*Polytonic|πηρία " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2383003 pêria] " field,farm (polytonic|Ἀσπένδιοι)
*Polytonic|σαράπιοι " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2393295 sarapiοi] " Pergaean (Attic Polytonic|μαινίδες mainides small fishes,picarels,maenidae)
*Polytonic|σισίλαρος " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2394294 sisilaros] " (Attic Polytonic|πέρδιξ perdix partridge) (polytonic|Περγαῖοι
*Polytonic|σκυδρὺ "skudru" (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.12)
*Polytonic|τριμίσκον " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23105047 trimiskon] " clothing (Attic himation , tribon) (polytonic|Ἀσπένδιοι) (cf.Koine [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23105050 trimitos] or trimiton , garment of drill or ticking)
*Polytonic|ὕλογος " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23106640 hulogos] " army (Attic stratos) (Attic Polytonic|σύλλογος syllogos reunion,gathering)
*Polytonic|Vανάϡα Πρειία "Vanassa Preiia" Pergian lady-goddess (Homeric Polytonic|ϝάνασσα see wanax) ( Polytonic|ΚλεVύτας ΛϝαραVυ Vασιρϝο̄τας dedicated it to her ) [Pamph. — Perge ~400 BC [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=276565&bookid=549&region=8&subregion=41 Epigr.Anat. 11:97,1] ]
*Polytonic|Vοῖκυ "voiku" house (Attic oikos) (Cretan and Locrian Polytonic|ϝοικία [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2372288 Woikia] ) (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.14,17)
*Polytonic|Vρυμάλια "Vrumalia" (Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.15)(Cf. rhum-)
*Polytonic|φάβος "phabos" light (Homeric phaos Attic phôs)
*Polytonic|φεννίον " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23110533 phennion] " Polytonic|μηδικὴ ὁδός Medean road
*Polytonic|φίκατι [Pamph. — Aspendos 250-200 BC [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=276072&bookid=635&region=8&subregion=41 Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 17] ] "phikati" twenty (Attic eikosi , Laconian beikati , Aeolic,Doric weikati

Onomasticon

"Source: Brixhe, Dialecte grec de Pamphylie"

*Polytonic|Ἀθιμῖϝυς "Athimiwus" and Polytonic|ἈθιμεVς
*Polytonic|ἈπελάVρυVις "Apelavruvis"
*Polytonic|Ἀρτιμίνα "Artimina" Polytonic|Ἀρτιμίδωρυς Artimidôrus Attic "Artemidôros"
*Polytonic|Ἁφαστυς "Aphastus" Attic "Hephaistos"
*Polytonic|Ἀφορδίσιιυς "Aphordisiius" Attic "Aphrodisios"
*Polytonic|Βαλυς "Balus"
*Polytonic|Βοβᾶς "Bobas" , Polytonic|Βοβᾶτυς
*Polytonic|Γουκαλις "Goukalis"
*Polytonic|Δέξιϝυς "Dexiwus" Attic "Dexios"
*Polytonic|Διβῶτυς "Dibôtus"
*Polytonic|Διϝίδωρυς "Diwidôrus" Attic "Diodôros" Polytonic|Διϝ- also in Cypriot names
*Polytonic|Διϝονούσιυς "Diwonousius" Attic "Dionysios"
*Polytonic|Ἑλλόθεμις "Ellothemis" (Cf.Cypriot Polytonic|Ἑλλόϝοικος Ellowoikos") from Homeric "esthlos" good, brave
*Polytonic|Εστλεγιιυς "Estlegiius"
*Polytonic|Εχϝαλια "Echwalia"
*Polytonic|Ζοϝαμυς "Zowamus"
*Polytonic|Ζώϝειτους "Zôweitous"
*Polytonic|Ϝανάξαδρυς "Wanaxadrus" wanax +
*Polytonic|Ϝαρνόπα "Warnopa" Polytonic|Ϝάρνιτους "Warnitous"
*Polytonic|Ϝεχιδάμυς "Wechidamus" Attic "Echedamos"
*Polytonic|Ϝέχιτους "Wechitous" Attic "Echetos"
*Polytonic|Ϝουκω "Woukô"
*Polytonic|Θανάδωρυς "Thanadorus" Attic "Athenodôros"
*Polytonic|Κέδαιϝις "Kedaiwis"
*Polytonic|Κεσκεὺς "Keskeus" Polytonic|Κεσκῖϝους "Keskiwous"
*Polytonic|Κοπερίνα "Koperina"
*Polytonic|Κορϝαλίνα "Korwalina" little girl Arcadocypriot "korwa" girl
*Polytonic|Κόρραγυς "Korragus" Polytonic|Ἀσπέδιιυς "Aspediius" Aspendian
*Polytonic|Κουρασιὼ "Kourasiô"
*Polytonic|Κυδρομολις "Kudromolis"
*Polytonic|Λαυδίκα "Laudika" Attic "Laodikê"
*Polytonic|Μιαλίνα "Mialina" or "Meialina" Attic "Megalina" , Polytonic|Μιακλις "Miaklis" Attic "Megaklês"
*Polytonic|Μουριξους "Mourixous"
*Polytonic|Μουρμακω "Mourmakô"
*Polytonic|Νεϝοχάρις "Newocharis" Attic "Neocharês" and Polytonic|Νεϝόπολις "Newopolis"
*Polytonic|Ὀρυμνιϝυς "Orumniwus"
*Polytonic|Πεδδᾶτος "Peddatos"
*Polytonic|Πελλαυρύις "Pellauruis"
*Polytonic|Περίϝεργυς "Periwergus" Attic periergos
*Polytonic|Ποναμελδῶς "Ponameldôs"
*Polytonic|Πορσόπα "Porsopa"
*Polytonic|Πρεῖϝυς "Preiwus"
*Polytonic|Σϝαρδιας "Swardias" and Polytonic|Ισϝαρδιας
*Polytonic|Vαναξίωνυς "Vanaxiônus"
*Polytonic|Φορδισία "Phordisia" Attic "Aphrodisia"
*Polytonic|Χορείνα "Choreina"

ee also

*Pamphylia
*Arcadocypriot Greek
*Ancient Greek dialects
*Anatolian languages

References

ources

* [http://books.google.com/books?id=WJbd0m6YaFkC&pg=PA427&dq=Pamphylian+dialect&sig=67OeppnDlkkP2EruQOY49e2Em6c#PPA428,M1 Pamphylian] by A. Panayotou - A History of Ancient Greek: From the Beginnings to Late Antiquity ISBN 0521833078
* [http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/studies/history/thema_07/20.html Παμφυλιακή] Παναγιώτου, Α. 2001
*Hesychius of Alexandria


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