Preadolescence is a stage of human development through
childhoodthat occurs in a child's years before adolescence.New Oxford American Dictionary. 2nd Edition. 2005. Oxford University Press.] Sigmund Freudtermed this the latency period, which he saw as a period of unparalleled repression of sexual desires and erogenous impulses. During the latency period, children direct this repressed libidal energy into asexual pursuits such as school, athletics, and same-sex friendships. He saw the latency period as a time of relative calm when there is little psychosexual conflict and unconscious conflicts and drives go underground and are therefore relatively inaccessible and unavailable. But soon pubertyarrives, and the genitals once again become a central focus of libidal energy. The point at which a child becomes an adolescent is usually defined by the onset of puberty. However, in some individuals (typically females), puberty begins in the preadolescence years,cite web| title=Onset of Breast and Pubic Hair Development in 1231 Preadolescent Lithuanian Schoolgirls |publisher=adc.bmj.com|accessdate=2007-12-06|url=http://adc.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/adc.2004.057612v1] and may extend a few years beyond the teenage years in others (typically males).cite web| title=Questions about Sex, Puberty, and Periods, for adolescents and their parents: 12. Puberty: Growing Up Early |publisher=rainbowpediatrics.net|accessdate=2007-12-06|url=http://www.rainbowpediatrics.net/faq/17.1.html]
Preadolescent children have a different view of the world than younger children in several ways:
fear kidnappings, rapes, and scary media events, as opposed to fantasy things (i.e. witches, monsters, ghosts).
* Have more realistic job expectations ("I want to be an engineer when I grow up", as opposed to "I want to be a wizard".)
* Often have more
chores, such as mowing the lawn, delivering papers, collecting things from friends or relatives and shovelling snow in winter, or helping out in rural activities such as caring for livestock and hauling wood.
* View human
relationships differently (i.e. they may notice the flawed, human side of authorityfigures) .
* Begin to develop a sense of
* Have increased feelings of
* Have a different view on
* More mature, sensible, realistic thoughts and actions
* Often gain knowledge of
* Are responsible for younger siblings and relatives, such as
limerenceor Puppy Love.
* Take adults calling them "cute," "sweetheart," and other baby names as an insult rather than a compliment.
* Start caring about what they look like and wearing make-up to cover-up pimples.
Some schools attempt to develop these feelings through the use of lessons tailored specifically to preteens' developing worldview. For example, debates on touchy moral issues (i.e.
drugsor alcohol) are sometimes introduced in the upper elementary schoolgrades, as well as classes on current events.Weasel-inlineFact|date=October 2007
Preadolescents generally prefer certain
brands, and are a heavily targeted market of many advertisers. Their tendency to buy brand-name items may be due to a desire to fit in, although the desire is not as strong as it is with teenagers. Many of these brands include clothingand music.
Most preadolescent kids, consider watching comedy or reality shows (such as
Disney Channel) rather than cartoons.
A preteen or a preteenager is a person under the age of thirteen years of age. Generally the term is restricted to those close to reaching the age of thirteen, especially boys aged 10-12 years old,and girls aged 9-11 years old.
Tween is an American
neologismand marketingterm [http://tourismintelligence.ca/author/maithe/ Levasseur, Maïthé] (2007-02-09). [http://tourismintelligence.ca/2007/02/09/familiar-with-tweens-you-should-be/ Familiar with tweens? You should be...] . The Tourism Intelligence Network. Retrieved on 2007-12-04.] that means roughly the same thing as preteen. It is a portmanteau wordof "between" and "teen".Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Eleventh Edition. 2003. Merriam-Webster.] The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Fourth Edition. 2000. Houghton Mifflin Company.] The age range of tweens is generally considered to be eight to ten years of age. Marketers describe the driving psychographicmotivation of this group as desperately wanting to be a teen, but not about to stop being a kid.Fact|date=December 2007 The term was first used in J.R.R. Tolkien's 1954 novel " The Lord of the Rings" to refer to Hobbitsin their twenties; "...tweens" as Hobbits called the irresponsible twenties between childhood and the coming of age at thirty-three." -Tolkien, J.R.R; The Lord of the Rings; The Fellowship of the Ring. [Tolkien, J.R.R. "The Lord of the Rings; The Fellowship of the Ring " Copyright 1965 by J.R.R Tolkien; Ballantine Books, A Division of Random House Inc. SBN 345-24032-4-150 ]
Myers, James. "Tweens and cool" [http://www.admapmagazine.com/pdfs/myers.pdf] , "Admap", March 2004.
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Look at other dictionaries:
préadolescence — préadolescent, ente [ preadɔlesɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] n. VAR. pré adolescent, ente • 1959; de pré et adolescent ♦ Jeune garçon, fillette qui atteint l âge situé entre l enfance et l adolescence (période de la préadolescence). Abrév. fam. (1975) PRÉADO [… … Encyclopédie Universelle
preadolescence — noun Date: 1930 the period of human development just preceding adolescence; specifically the period between the approximate ages of 9 and 12 • preadolescent adjective or noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
preadolescence — /pree ad l es euhns/, n. the period preceding adolescence, usually designated as the years from 10 to 13. [1925 30; PRE + ADOLESCENCE] * * * … Universalium
preadolescence — noun the period between childhood and adolescence … Wiktionary
preadolescence — pre·ad·o·les·cence .ad əl es ən(t)s n the period of human development just preceding adolescence specif the period between the approximate ages of 9 and 12 … Medical dictionary
preadolescence — n. period before adolescence, time before puberty, pre teen years … English contemporary dictionary
preadolescence — pre·adolescence … English syllables
preadolescence — pre•ad•o•les•cence [[t]ˌpri æd lˈɛs əns[/t]] n. dvl the period preceding adolescence, usu. designated as the years from 10 to 13 • Etymology: 1925–30 pre ad•o•les′cent, adj. n … From formal English to slang
preadolescence — /priædəˈlɛsəns/ (say preeaduh lesuhns) noun the period immediately preceding adolescence … Australian English dictionary
preadolescence — (|)prē noun Etymology: pre + adolescence : the period of human development just preceding adolescence; specifically : the period between the approximate ages of 9 and 12 … Useful english dictionary