Sushun


Sushun

Sushun (zh-stp|s=肃顺|t=肅順|p=Sùshùn); Styled: Yuting (zh-cp|c=雨亭|p=Yǔtíng) (26 November 1816– 1861) was born in the Manchu Aisin-Gioro Clan as the sixth son of Wurgongga (乌尔恭阿), the Prince Zheng.

Although Sushun was born into nobility, the size of his family meant that he received little attention during childhood, and little expectation from the family. He was neither well versed in literature nor exceptionally able in martial arts. Sushun became a General during the late years of the Daoguang Emperor's reign. Following the death of Wenqing, one of the Xianfeng emperor's closest aides, Sushun was increasingly consulted by the emperor on many important policy matters. His first position in the court was as a member of the Imperial Guard and he subsequently served in a number of senior positions in the Qing government, including a term as the president of the Court of Colonial Affairs. During the Second Opium War, he was one of the chief architects of Qing foreign policy and he repudiated many of the treaties that were concluded in the late 1850s, in particular the territorial concessions in the Sino-Russian Treaty of Aigun.

Following the death of the Xianfeng Emperor in 1861, Sushun, his elder brother Duanhua, and Zaiyuan, along with five other prominent people in the Qing Court, were appointed Regents to oversee administrative affairs during the young Tongzhi Emperor's minority. However, without obtaining the seals of the two Empresses Dowager, the Regency could not carry out any important policy decisions, which led to increased political friction in the imperial court. In November 1861, a triumvirate consisting of the half-brother of the deceased emperor, Prince Gong and the two empresses dowager, Ci'an and Cixi, staged a coup d'état, establishing themselves as the only rightful regents of the boy emperor. All the members of the eight-man council were persecuted and Sushun was beheaded in public in 1861 with charges of treason.

References

* [http://www.yifan.net/yihe/novels/history/qsgskym/qsg387.html Sushun in Qing Histories (Chinese)]
* Hummel, Arthur William, ed. "Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912)." 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sushun — (jap. 崇峻天皇 Sushun tennō; † 11. Dezember 592) war der 32. Tennō von Japan (587–592). Er war der zwölfte Sohn Kaiser Kimmeis. Seine Mutter war eine Tochter des Politikers Soga no Iname. Nachdem sein Bruder Kaiser Yomei starb, bestieg er den Thron… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sushun — L empereur Sushun (崇峻天皇, Sushun Tennō, 523 592) était le trente deuxième empereur du Japon, selon l ordre traditionnel de la succession. Il a régné de 587 à sa mort. Son nom personnel était prince Hatsusebe (長谷部皇子 Hatsusebe no Miko). Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Empereur Sushun — Sushun L empereur Sushun (崇峻天皇, Sushun Tennō, 523 592) était le trente deuxième empereur du Japon, selon l ordre traditionnel de la succession. Il a régné de 587 à sa mort. Son nom personnel était prince Hatsusebe (長谷部皇子 Hatsusebe no Miko).… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emperor Sushun — was the 32nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 587 through 592. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 38 39; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 263;… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperador Sushun — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Emperador Sushun (崇峻天皇, Sushun tennō?, ¿520? – 529) fue el 32º Emperador de Japón, según el orden tradicional de sucesión. Reinó entre 587 y 592.[ …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ci Xi — Kaiserinwitwe Cixi Kaiserinwitwe Cíxī (chin. 慈禧太后, Cíxī tàihòu, W. G. Tz e Hsi, oder auch nur 慈禧; * 29. November 1835; † 15. November 1908) war eine der Nebenfrauen des Kaisers Xianfeng der Qing Dynastie und wurde zur einflussreichsten P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cixi — als Kaiserinwitwe Cixi (chinesisch 慈禧 Cíxǐ, IPA (hochchinesisch) [tsʰɯ2ɕi3], W. G. Tz e Hsi; * 29. November 1835; † 15. November …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiserinwitwe — Cixi Kaiserinwitwe Cíxī (chin. 慈禧太后, Cíxī tàihòu, W. G. Tz e Hsi, oder auch nur 慈禧; * 29. November 1835; † 15. November 1908) war eine der Nebenfrauen des Kaisers Xianfeng der Qing Dynastie und wurde zur einflussreichsten P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiserinwitwe Cixi — Kaiserinwitwe Cíxī (chin. 慈禧太后, Cíxī tàihòu, W. G. Tz e Hsi, oder auch nur 慈禧; * 29. November 1835; † 15. November 1908) war eine der Nebenfrauen des Kaisers Xianfeng der Qing Dynastie und wurde zur einflussreichsten P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiserinwitwe Tze Hsi — Kaiserinwitwe Cixi Kaiserinwitwe Cíxī (chin. 慈禧太后, Cíxī tàihòu, W. G. Tz e Hsi, oder auch nur 慈禧; * 29. November 1835; † 15. November 1908) war eine der Nebenfrauen des Kaisers Xianfeng der Qing Dynastie und wurde zur einflussreichsten P …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.