Konstantin Yuon


Konstantin Yuon

Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon or Juon ( _ru. Константин Фёдорович Юон OldStyleDate|October 24|1875|October 12 - April 11 1958) was a noted Russian painter and theatre designer associated with the Mir Iskusstva. Later, he co-founded the Union of Russian Artists and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia.

Biography

Yuon was born in Moscow to a family of a banking clerk of Swiss-Russian origin. His brother Paul Juon was a notable composer.

From 1892 to 1898 he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where Konstantin Savitsky and Konstantin Korovin were among his distinguished teachers. After graduating from the Moscow Art School he took private lessons from Valentin Serov (1898-1900). During several trips to Western Europe he became acquainted with the cityscapes of Camille Pissarro and other Impressionists, but retained his own distinctive style.

In 1900 he opened the first private painting and drawing school in Moscow. Later he taught in Leningrad Academy of Arts and the Surikov Art Institute in Moscow. His studio in Moscow was widely used by other painters. He designed sets for plays at the Moscow Art Theatre and the Maly Theater, becoming the official designer for this theater in 1945 - 1947. He also contributed sets for operas.

In the Soviet era, Yuon was the director of the Research Institute of the Academy of Arts (1948-1950) and the First Secretary of the Union of Soviet Artists (1956-1958). He won a Stalin Prize (1943), received the Order of Lenin and other orders and medals. He died in Moscow on April 11 1958.

elected works

Konstantin Yuon started as an Impressionist landscape and genre painter with a Symbolist note. The most Symbolist of his works are the cycle of engravings "Creation of the World" on the theme of Genesis (1908-1912) and the painting "New Planet" that shows the October Revolution as a Cosmic Catastrophe.

Among the impressionist landscapes are "The Tverskoy Boulevard" and "To the Trinity" (both from 1903). Later he toyed with the ideas of lyrical landscape mixed with the imitations of Palekh miniature and Icon arts. To the end of his life he became a strict social realism artist, producing paintings like "Parade on the Red Square on November 7 1941".

External links

* [http://www.krotov.info/pictures/mashiah/19/1894grou.jpg"Creation of the World]
* [http://www.vgd.ru/JU/juon.htm Biography]
* [http://www.krugosvet.ru/articles/83/1008372/1008372a1.htm Biography]


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