Bhind District


Bhind District

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Bhind
type = ciity
latd = 26.36 | longd = 78.46
state_name = Madhya Pradesh
district = Bhind
leader_title =
leader_name =
altitude =
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 1428559
population_density = 320
area_magnitude = 4,459 km²
area_total = 4459
area_telephone = 91 7534
postal_code = 477001
vehicle_code_range = MP 30
sex_ratio = 829
unlocode =
website = www.bhind.mp.gov.in
footnotes = |

Bhind District (Hindi-भिंड) is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India of Chambal region. The town of Bhind is also the district headquarter.Bhind District is situated in Chambal region in the northwest of the state. The geographical coordinates of the district are Latitude 26°36' N and Longitude 78°46' E. It is bounded by Agra, Etawah, Jalaun and Jhansi districts of Uttar Pradesh state to the north and the east, and the Madhya Pradesh districts of Datia to the south, Gwalior to the southwest, and Morena to the west. The geography of the district is characterized by uneven ravines, plain fertile fields and scanty forests. The total area of the district is 4,459 km².

The soil of Bhind is very fertile and is well drained by the Chambal, Kali Sind, Kunwari or Kwari ,Pahuj and Baisali rivers and by an extensive canal system. Formerly there were four tehsils, Bhind, Mehgoan, Gohad and Lahar, but at present there are seven tehsils: Bhind, Ater, Mehgaon, Gohad, Lahar, Mihona, and Raun. The district is part of the Chambal Division.

History

The district is named after the mythological Hindu saint Vibhandak Rishi, also called Bhindi Rishi. During Vedic period this region was ruled by Yadu, the son of King Yayati . Historically during Mahabharat Era, this region was under the reign of Chedi King Shishupal. King Yadav Krishna later established Yadav rule in this area. During Mahajanapada period Chedi had prominent position.Later this area came under Chandels. Later on Prithivi Raj Chauhan defeated Chandels and brought Bhind under Chauhan Dynasty. This area later ruled by Bhadorias (or Bhadaurias, Bhadoriyas) in the north and Jats in the south.The State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, on 28 May 1948 at Gwalior. Scindia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajpramukh and Up-Rajpramukh, respectively. It was decided to divide the Union into six districts and Bhind was one among them. As a result of reorganization of states Madhya Bharat was added to Madhya Pradesh state November 1, 1956.

Mythological and Historical Facts

*Naarada(Lahar)- is the place where mythological divine saint Maharshi Narada prayed.
*Maharshi Balmiki-Bhind was the ground of Maharshi Balmiki's(The writer of Ramayana) dacoit life.
*Pandari- A village in Bhind Tehsil,where Pandavas took refuge during Agyatvas period of their banishment.Pandari is originated from the word Pandav Vati.
*Lavan-A village in Bhind Tehsil,birth place of Vishnudas,who was the predecessor to Tulsidas for Ram Katha(Story of Rama),he was also named Sahajnath.
*Bhawani Gauri Sarover-Pond built at Bhind town by Pritivi Raj Chauhan.
*Machhand-A village in Mehgaon Tehsil, famous for the place of penance of Machhendranath, the Guru of Guru Gorakhnath.
*Bijpuri- A village in Bhind Tehsil, famous for samadhi of Sage Gwalap, after which Gopachal fort came to be known as Gwalior Fort.
*Boreshwar-A temple in Ater Tehsil at Dulhagan village, famous for ancient Shiva temple.
*Sapad-Sammana- Names of the villages on the banks of river Chambal where Mythological sage Shringi Rishi's Ashram was situated. Shringi Rishi performed 'Putreshti Yagya' for king Dasharath.
*NAWALI VARNDAVAN (DEWALA)-A Village in ater Tehsil,where is tha famous radha karshan (TAKUR JE) mander. it biult by bhadawar king (ater).

Dacoits

The region has long been under the threat of dacoits. Even during Mughal times the mighty and powerful administration failed to curb the menace. The Chambal River, surrounded by yawning chasms and deep gaping "beehads" (Hindi-बीहड़, ravine) provides an ideal hideout for bandits.

Ravines (Hindi-बीहड़)

This region is identified by rest of India by its extensive ravines. The ravines created by gully erosion, are heavily under soil loss. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has tried to check this soil erosion and expansion of ravines by the means of watershed development and by aerial-seeding for plants like "Prosopis", "Acacia", and "Jatropha" in the ravines. But the rugged terrain is still stubborn.

Population

The population of Bhind District is 1,428,559, (2001 census). The density per km² is 320 persons. The sex ratio of the district is 829 females for every 1000 males. The literacy rate is 70.52 percent, 83.19 percent for males and 55.23 percent for females.

Tourist destinations

Fort of Ater

A beautiful fort near Ater town, 28 km from Bhind, was built by the Bhadauria kings Badan Singh, Maha Singh and Bakhat Singh in 1664-1668. The fort is situated on the banks of the Chambal River.

Jain Temples

The temple of Lord Mahavira is situated at Barason in Mehgaon tehsil. In Jain tradition, it is among the Atishaya kshetra, i.e. a place where lord Mahavira visited during his journey after getting Kaivalya (Ultimate Realization) and some miraculous things took place. This holy place is situated 14 km from Bhind town. Other Atishaya kshetra Jain temples are Pavai near Bhind town and Barahi, which is 20 km from Bhind at the Bhind-Etawah district border on the banks of the Chambal.

Mata Renuka Temple

An ancient temple is situated at Jamdara village in Gohad tehsil, 45 km from Bhind, which was thought to built by the mythological sage Parashurama.

Narad Dev Temple

An ancient temple of God Narad Dev is situated on the banks of the Kali Sindh. Great Tourist Spot

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the Chambal River, and is famous for crocodiles, ghariyals, Ganges Dolphins, and numerous migratory birds. A boat cruise is organised by local forest officials. The sanctuary is 22 km from Bhind town.

Gohad Fort

This fort at Gohad was built by the Jat king Maha Singh in the 16th century. Currently government offices are situated in its premises.

Sun Temple

The famous Sun temple is situated 30 km from Bhind at Balaji near Raun Tehsil.

Ancient Dadraua Temple

This is a famous temple of Hindu God Hanuman, believed to possess curing powers. This temple attracts many devotees every Tuesday and Saturday.

Malanpur

This fast growing modern industrial area in Bhind District near Gwalior in Gohad tehsil, 65 km from Bhind town, has many industries, including modern automobile, bicycle, soaps and detergents, electronics, food and dairy products.

External links

* [http://www.bhind.mp.gov.in Bhind District]


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