- Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation AreaIUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) Location New Jersey & Pennsylvania, USA Nearest city Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania Coordinates Coordinates: Area 68,714 acres (27,808 ha) Established September 1, 1965 Visitors 5,052,264 (in 2005) Governing body National Park Service
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, administered by the National Park Service, preserves almost 70,000 acres (28,000 ha) of land along the Delaware River's New Jersey and Pennsylvania shores, stretching from the Delaware Water Gap northward almost to the New York state line. Middle Delaware National Scenic River is a designated 40-mile (64 km) section of the river entirely within the recreation area.
The park came about because of a plan to build a dam on the Delaware River at Tocks Island, just north of the Delaware Water Gap to control water levels for flood control and hydroelectric power generation. The dam would have created a 37 mile lake in the center of present park for use as a reservoir. Starting in 1960, the present day area of the Recreation Area was acquired for the Army Corps of Engineers through eminent domain. Between 3,000 and 5,000 dwellings were demolished, including historical sites, and about 15,000 people were displaced by the project. Because of massive environmental opposition, dwindling funds, and an unacceptable geological assessment of the dam's safety, the government transferred the property to the National Park Service in 1978. The National Park Service found itself as the caretaker of the previously endangered territory, and with the help of the federal government and surrounding communities, developed recreational facilities and worked to preserve the remaining historical structures.
The recreation area runs from the northeastern outskirts of Milford, Pennsylvania (250 miles (400 km) above the Delaware's mouth into the Atlantic Ocean), roughly southwest to near Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania (approximately 210 miles (340 km) above the Delaware's mouth). It is located in parts of Sussex and Warren counties in New Jersey, and Monroe, Northampton, and Pike counties in Pennsylvania. The Appalachian Trail runs along much of the eastern boundary.
At the south end of the park, the river cuts eastward through the Appalachian Mountains at the scenic Delaware Water Gap. A one-day auto tour of the park can include waterfalls, rural scenery, and historic Millbrook Village. Visitors can also canoe, hike, camp, swim, picnic, bicycle, crosscountry ski, and horseback ride. Fishing and hunting are permitted in season with state licenses. The park hosts significant Native American archaeological sites, and a number of structures remain from early Dutch settlement during the colonial period.
- National Park Service: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
- The Friends Of The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
Protected Areas of New Jersey FederalMorristown National Historical Park • Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park • Statue of Liberty National Monument • Thomas Edison National Historical ParkNational Wildlife Refuges: State
Allaire • Allamuchy Mountain • Barnegat Lighthouse • Cape May Point • Cheesequake • Corson's Inlet • Delaware and Raritan Canal • Double Trouble • Farny • Fort Mott • Hacklebarney • High Point • Hopatcong • Island Beach • Kittatinny Valley • Liberty • Long Pond Ironworks • Monmouth Battlefield • Parvin • Pigeon Swamp • Princeton Battlefield • Rancocas • Ringwood • Stephens • Swartswood • Voorhees • Washington Crossing • Washington Rock • WawayandaState Marinas
Senator Frank S. Farley • Forked River • Fortescue • Leonardo • Liberty LandingRecreation Areas
County National Recreation Areas of the United States Administered by the
National Park ServiceAmistad • Big South Fork • Bighorn Canyon • Boston Harbor Islands • Chattahoochee River • Chickasaw • Curecanti • Delaware Water Gap • Gateway • Gauley River • Glen Canyon • Golden Gate • Lake Chelan • Lake Mead • Lake Meredith • Lake Roosevelt • Mississippi • Ross Lake • Santa Monica Mountains • Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity
other agenciesAllegheny • Angel Peak • Arapaho • Datil Well • Flaming Gorge • Grand Island • Hells Canyon • Land Between The Lakes • Moosalamoo • Mount Baker • Mount Rogers • Oregon Dunes • Orilla Verde • Pine Ridge • Rattlesnake • Sawtooth • Smith River • Spring Mountains • Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks • Valley of Fires • White Mountains • White Rocks • Wild Rivers • Winding Stair Mountain
National Park Travelers Club Conventions2003: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area • 2004: Rocky Mountain National Park • 2005: Mammoth Cave National Park • 2006: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore • 2007: Olympic National Park • 2008: Lowell National Historical Park • 2009: Sequoia National Park • 2010: El Malpais National Monument • 2011: National Mall • 2012 (planned): Apostle Islands National Lakeshore
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