Lieutenant General

Lieutenant General

Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a Captain General.

In modern armies, Lieutenant General normally ranks immediately below General and above Major General; it is equivalent to the navy rank of Vice Admiral, and in Air Forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to Air Marshal.

The term Major General is a shortened version of the previous term Sergeant Major General, which was also subordinate to Lieutenant General. This is why a Lieutenant General outranks a Major General, whereas a Major is senior to a Lieutenant.

In many countries, the rank of Corps General has replaced the earlier rank of Lieutenant General (e.g. France, Italy). (The ranks of corps general and lieutenant colonel general are intended to solve the apparent Lieutenant General / Major General anomaly). However, for convenience, this is often translated into English as Lieutenant General.

Lieutenant General ranks by country

* Lieutenant General (Australia)
* Lieutenant-General (Canada)
* Kindralleitnant (Estonia)
* Generalleutnant (Germany)
* Altábornagy (Hungary)
* Lieutenant-General (India)
* Lieutenant General (Republic of Ireland)
* Luitenant-Generaal (Netherlands)
* Lieutenant General (Pakistan)
* Tenente-General (Portugal)
* Teniente General (Spain)
* Lieutenant-General (United Kingdom)
* Lieutenant General (United States)

Lieutenant General equivalent ranks

* General pukovnik , Ante Gotovina (Croatia)
* General potpukovnik (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
* Général de corps d'armée (France)
* Sepah-Bod (Iran)
* Rav Aluf (Israel)
* Generale di Corpo d'Armata ( Italy )
* Jungjang (North Korea)
* Chungjang (South Korea)
* Korpskommandant / Commandant de corps (Switzerland)

Other Lieutenant General ranks

* Gruppenführer (Waffen-SS)
* Feldmarschallleutnant Austro-Hungarian Army


*The Irish defence forces Chief of Staff is a Lieutenant General as the force is too small to require a higher rank

ee also

*Comparative military ranks
*British and United States military ranks compared

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