Gypsy scale

Gypsy scale

The term Gypsy scale, (alternatively known as "Ciprian scale"[citation needed]) refers to one of several musical scales named after their association with Gypsy music.[citation needed]

Hungarian Gypsy scale

Full octave minor Gypsy scale on C. About this sound Play

The Hungarian Gypsy scale can be made by raising the fourth degree of the natural minor scale.[1]

The sequence of steps comprising the Hungarian Gypsy scale is[2]:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A B C D# E F G A

-W,H,A, H,H,W,W-

(W = Whole Step (Tone), H = Half-Step (Semitone), A=Augmented second)

This scale is one of two known as the Hungarian Gypsy scale.[2][3]

Minor Gypsy scale

The minor Gypsy scale, technically known as the double harmonic scale and popularly called the Spanish Gypsy scale, is a scale that may be played on the (modern) "white keys" of a piano from E to E, except that the G and D are sharpened to the (modern) "black keys" G# and D#.[4] The Spanish Gypsy scale, which is produced by, e.g., raising the fourth note of the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, can be readily altered to the Neapolitan minor scale by lowering the third, as well as to the Phrygian dominant scale, also known as the Freygish scale or the "Jewish scale" for its use in Klezmer music, by lowering the 7th.

The sequence of steps constituting the Spanish Gypsy Scale is[5]:

1 2  3 4 5 6  7 8
C Db E F G Ab B C
 ^  ^ ^ ^ ^  ^ ^ 
 H  A H W H  A H 

(H = half; W = whole; A = augmented)


  1. ^ "Music Solo Performance: Aural and written examination – October/November". Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority. August 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  2. ^ a b Celentano, Dave (1991). Monster Scales and Modes, p.42. Published by CentreStream. ISBN 0931759595.
  3. ^ The Guitar Grimoire, Adam Kadmon, Published by Carl Fischer.[page needed]
  4. ^ Fernández, Lola (2005). Flamenco Music Theory: Rhythm, Harmony, Melody, Form, p.77. ISBN 8460935140., p. 79 citing Michale, Ulrich (1982). Atlas de Músical, p.87
  5. ^

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