- Government of England
There has not been a government of England since 1707 when the
Kingdom of Englandceased to exist as a sovereign state, as it merged with the Kingdom of Scotlandto form the Kingdom of Great Britain. Both kingdoms had a single monarch since 1603 under James VI of Scotlandwho also became James I of Englandthat year (see Union of the Crowns).
Prior to the
Acts of Union 1707, England was ruled by a monarch and the Parliament of England. Prior to 1707, the government of England was in fact the government of England and Walessince Waleswas joined to England under the Statute of Rhuddlanin 1284 and from the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542, England and Walesformed a single legal system.
Kingdom of Great Britaincontinued from 1707 until 1865 when it merged with the Kingdom of Irelandto form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which itself became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irelandin 1922 upon independence for most of the island of Ireland. The UK since then has gone through significant change to its system of government, with devolved parliaments, assemblies and governments in Scotland, Walesand Northern Ireland. England, however, remains under the full jurisdiction, on all matters, of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irelandand the UK governmentas no devolved administration has been created for England within the new structure. This situation has led to the anomaly, known as the West Lothian question, which is the fact that Scottish MPs are able to vote on legislation that affects only England whereas English MPs can not vote on certain Scottish matters due to devolution. In extreme cases, the votes of Scottish MPs could be crucial in helping pass legislation for England that the majority of English MPs may oppose.
One possible solution to the
West Lothian questionwould be devolution to the English regions but attempts have been unsuccessful so far. However a series of unelected regional assemblies have been established in addition to the creation of Regional Government Offices. One part of England, Greater London, has a degree of devolved power (although weaker than that of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) with power vested in an elected Mayor of London, currently Boris Johnsonand the London Assembly.
The country is therefore officially divided into the following in terms of governance:
The incumbent government has no plans to create a
Devolved English parliament.
'English' Government Departments of the UK Government
Several Government Departments of the
UK Governmenthave responsibilities for matters affecting England alone:
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs(Defra) is responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheriesand rural communities in England.
Department of Health, (DoH) has responsibility for government policy on health, social careand the National Health Service(NHS) in England.
Department for Communities and Local Government.
Other departments deal mainly with matters affecting England though they also have some UK wide responsibilities in certain areas;
Department for Transport
Politics of England
West Lothian question
Devolved English parliament
List of Parliaments of England
Campaign for an English Parliament
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of local government in England — Local government in England, as with most aspects of government in England, is the result of gradual evolution of the last 1000 years. England has never possessed a constitution as such, with the result that modern administration (and the… … Wikipedia
Local government in England — Councils in England are based in buildings such as the Manchester Town Hall. The pattern of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements. Legislation concerning local… … Wikipedia
2009 structural changes to local government in England — It is planned that during 2009 there will be structural changes to local government in England, whereby a number of new unitary authorities will be created in parts of the country which currently operate a two tier system of counties and… … Wikipedia
Regency Government of England 1422–1437 — The Regency Government of England 1422 37 ruled while Henry VI was a minor. Decisions were made in the king s name by the regency Council made up of the most important and influential government of England, and dominated by Henry IV s son… … Wikipedia
England — For other uses, see England (disambiguation). England … Wikipedia
England — /ing gleuhnd/ or, often, / leuhnd/, n. the largest division of the United Kingdom, constituting, with Scotland and Wales, the island of Great Britain. 45,870,062; 50,327 sq. mi. (130,347 sq. km) Cap.: London. * * * I Southern part of the island… … Universalium
Government of Scotland — Between 1707 and 1999, Scotland had neither a sovereign nor devolved government, despite the existence of distinct Scottish institutions such as its legal system. Her Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom was the sole government with… … Wikipedia
England (Before the Reformation) — England (Before the Reformation) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► England (Before the Reformation) This term England is here restricted to one constituent, the largest and most populous, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.… … Catholic encyclopedia
England (Since the Reformation) — England (Since the Reformation) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► England (Since the Reformation) The Protestant Reformation is the great dividing line in the history of England, as of Europe generally. This momentous Revolution, the outcome… … Catholic encyclopedia
England and Wales — (red), with the rest of the United Kingdom (pink). England and Wales (Welsh: Cymru a Lloegr) is a jurisdiction within the United Kingdom. It consists of England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Unlike Scotland and… … Wikipedia