- Bela Pratt
Nathan Halestatue at Fort Nathan Halein New Haven, Connecticut.]
Pratt was born in
Norwich, Connecticutto Sarah (Whittlesey) and George Pratt, a Yale-educated lawyer. His maternal grandfather, Oramel Whittlesey, was a pianofortemaker and founder in 1835 of the first music school in the country authorized to confer degrees to teach music, Music Vale Seminary. At 16, Pratt began studying at the Yale UniversitySchool of Fine Arts, where his teachers included John Henry Niemeyer(1839-1932) and John Ferguson Weir(1841-1926).
After graduating from Yale, he enrolled at the
Art Students League of New Yorkwhere he took classes from William Merritt Chase(1849-1916), Kenyon Cox(1859-1919), Francis Edwin Elwell(1858-1922), and most important, Augustus Saint-Gaudens(1848-1907), who became his mentor. After a short stint in Saint-Gaudens' private studio, Pratt traveled to Paris, where he trained with sculptors Henri-Michel-Antoine Chapu(1833-1891) and Alexandre Falguière(1831-1900) at the École des Beaux-Arts.
In 1892, he returned to the United States to create two large sculptural groups representing "The Genius of Navigation" for the
World's Columbian Expositionin Chicago. He also produced sculptures for the Pan-American Expositionat Buffalo in 1901. In 1893, he began a 25-year career as an influential teacher of modeling in the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. During this time, Pratt sculpted a series of busts of Boston's intellectual community, including Episcopal priest Phillips Brooks(1899, Brooks House, Harvard University), Colonel Henry Lee (1902, Memorial Hall, Harvard University), and Boston Symphony Orchestrafounder Henry Lee Higginson(1909, Symphony Hall, Boston). He became an associate of the National Academy in 1900. (1)
When Saint-Gaudens' uncompleted group for the entrance to the
Boston Public Librarywas rejected, Pratt was awarded a commission for personifications of Art and Science. Pratt continued Saint-Gaudens' influence in coin design after 1907. His gold Indian Head half ($5) and quarter ($2.50) eagles are known as the "Pratt coins" and feature an unusual intaglio Indian head, the U.S. mint's only recessed design in circulation. A retrospective exhibition of 125 of his sculptures was held at the Museum of Fine Arts, Bostonin the spring of 1918.
* 1892 The Genius of Navigation -
World's Columbian Exposition
* 1893 Clara and Lizzie, Daughters of Frederick and Elizabeth Shattuck (plaque) -
National Gallery of Art
* 1896 Spandrel figures - entrance porch, Thomas Jefferson Building,
Library of Congress
* 1896 The Four Seasons (plaques) - 2nd floor pavilions, Thomas Jefferson Building,
Library of Congress
* 1897 Dr.
Henry Augustus Coit- St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire
* 1906 Young Soldier - St. Paul's School,
Concord, New Hampshire
* 1907 Andersonville Boy - State Capitol Grounds,
Nathaniel Hawthorne- Salem, Massachusetts
Nathan Hale- Yale University, with copy at Central Intelligence Agency
* 1910? Science,
Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts
* 1913 Whaleman's Monument -
New Bedford, Massachusetts
Edward Everett Hale- Boston Public Garden, Boston, Massachusetts
Schoolboy Statue of 1850- Ashburnham, MA
Bashka Paeff, student
Dudley Pratt, son
* [http://www.amacad.org/publications/BookofMembers/ChapterP.pdf AAAS] Names of members
* Downes, William Howe. "The Work of Bela L. Pratt, Sculptor."
New England Magazine27 (February 1903): 760-771.
* Coburn, Frederick W. "Americanism in Sculpture. As Represented in the Works of Bela Lyon Pratt." Palette and Bench 2, nos. 5 and 6 (February-March 1910): 95-97, 127-131.
* Dorr, Charles Henry. "Bela L. Pratt: An Eminent New England Sculptor."
Architectural Record35, no. 6 (June 1914): 508-518.
* Obituary, The
New York Times(19 May 1917).
* Taft, Lorado. "The History of American Sculpture", New York, 1924: 491-496.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pratt — is a surname, may refer to:* Al Pratt (baseball), American baseball player * Atom (Al Pratt), fictional comics character The Atom * Andy Pratt (baseball), American baseball player * Andy Pratt (singer songwriter), American singer songwriter, the… … Wikipedia
Pratt — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 1.1 Cinéma 1.2 … Wikipédia en Français
Dudley Pratt — A grotesque by Dudley Pratt on Smith Hall at the University of Washington. Dudley Pratt (June 14, 1897 – November 18, 1975) was an American sculptor. He was born in Paris to Boston sculptors Bela and Helen Pratt. His sculptural education included … Wikipedia
Salem, Massachusetts — City Salem Maritime National Historic Site … Wikipedia
Wadsworth Atheneum — Infobox nrhp | name =Wadsworth Atheneum nrhp type =nrhp caption =Wadsworth Atheneum location= Hartford, Connecticut lat degrees = long degrees = area = built =1842 July 31, 1844 architect= Alexander Jackson Davis and Ithiel Town architecture=… … Wikipedia
Old Campus — Coordinates: 41°18′31″N 72°55′43″W / 41.3085°N 72.9285°W / 41.3085; 72.9285 … Wikipedia
Bashka Paeff — (1894 1979) was an American sculptor active near Boston, Massachusetts.Paeff was born in Minsk, Russia, but immigrated to the United States as an infant. In 1914 she attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where she studied with… … Wikipedia
Anna Coleman Ladd — Anna Coleman Watts Ladd (1878 ndash; June 3, 1939) was an American sculptress in Manchester, Massachusetts, who devoted her time throughout World War I to soldiers who were disfigured.Anna Coleman Watts was born in Philadelphia and educated in… … Wikipedia
Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building — U.S. Historic district Contributing property … Wikipedia
Ivers Whitney Adams — (born in Ashburnham, Massachusetts in 1838) was an American baseball executive and businessperson. He left at age nineteen to seek his fortune in Boston. He was successful in business, and became president of the American Net and Twine Company,… … Wikipedia