- Arab Liberation Front
Arab Liberation Front (Arabic: جبهة التحرير العربية, "jabha at-tahrir al-arabiya") is a minor
Palestinianpolitical faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO), politically tied to the Iraqi Ba'ath Partyformerly headed by Saddam Hussein.
The ALF was founded in April
1969, as a front of the Iraqi-led faction of the Ba'th Party. In June 1969it became a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO). The first leader of ALF was its Secretary-General Zeid Heidar. Other leaders have included Munif al-Razzaz, Abd al-Wahhab al-Kayyaliand Abd al-Rahim Ahmad. Today the Secretary-General is Rakad Salem(Abu Mahmoud), who is held in Israeli jail. The ALF has a seat in the PLO Executive Committee, held by Mahmoud Ismael.
Ideology and relations to PLO
The ALF has always followed Iraqi government policy on all matters. In line with the
Pan-Arabideology of the Ba'ath, the ALF was initially opposed to "Palestinization" of the conflict, preferring to argue in terms of the wider Arab World's war with Israel, which it regarded as under the natural leadership of Iraq. During the 1970s, ALF became a member of the Rejectionist Front, initially backed by Iraq and formed by hard-line Palestinian factions to counter what they perceived as the increasing moderation of the PLO. The ALF later opposed the Oslo Accords, as did the Iraqi government.
The ALF was the main faction active in Iraq's small Palestinian population of approximately 40,000, but a very minor group in all other Palestinian communities. It has maintained a small following in the
refugee camps of Lebanon, and has a minuscule presence in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Its headquarter there, is in the city of Ramallahin the central West Bank.
The ALF gained some degree of importance during the
al-Aqsa Intifada, as a distributor of financial contributions from the Iraqi government, to families of " martyrs", with extra grants for the families of suicide bombers. [ [http://www.intelligence.org.il/eng/eng_n/saddam.htm How Saddam Hussein’s régime transferred funds from Iraq to the West Bank and Gaza Strip to encourage Palestinian terrorism] Intelligence and Terrorism Information Centerat the Center for Special Studies (C.S.S) August, 2005] [ [http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/03/25/1017004765039.html Iraq pays suicide bonus to entice new bombers] Paul McGeough, "The Age", March 26, 2002]
The ALF published the monthly newspaper "
Sawt al-Jamahir" (Arabic, "Voice of the Masses"), edited by Rakad Salem.
Samir Sanunu is the representative of ALF in Lebanon. [ [http://www.alwatanvoice.com/arabic/lastnews.php?go=show&id=78828 دنيا الوطن - مسيرة جماهيرية حاشدة في مخيم عين الحلوه لمناسبة الذكرى السنوية الثالثه لاستشهاد القائد القومي والوطني ابو العباس ] ]
The group has not been involved in armed attacks on Israel since at least the early 1990s, and it is no longer believed to possess any significant military capabilities. It is not designated a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the
USA, and is not on the terrorist lists of the UNor the EU.
* [http://www.alba3th.com/index.php ALF official site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arab Liberation Front — Der Baathismus bzw. Bathismus (von arabisch Baʿth: Wiedergeburt, Auferstehung, Wiederaufleben, Erweckung) vereint nationalistischen Panarabismus, Säkularismus und Elemente eines arabischen Sozialismus. Baathismus ist die Ideologie der Baath… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oromo Liberation Front — Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo Dates of operation 1973–present Active region(s) Mainly Ethiopia, additionally Somalia and Kenya … Wikipedia
Balochistan Liberation Front — Infobox Political Party name english = Balochistan Liberation Front name native = colorcode = party leader = Sher Mohammad Marri foundation = 1964 founder = Baluch ideology = Greater Balochistan, Baluch Nationalism, Islamism, Religious… … Wikipedia
Palestine Liberation Front — The Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) (جبهة التحرير الفلسطينية) is a Palestinian militant group which is designated as a terrorist organization by Canada, [ [http://www.psepc.gc.ca/prg/ns/le/cle en.asp#plf31 Currently listed entities ] ] the… … Wikipedia
National Liberation Front (Algeria) — National Liberation Front جبهة التحرير الوطني Jabhat at Taḥrīr al Waţanī Leader Abdelaziz Bouteflika Founded November 1, 1954 Headquarters Algiers … Wikipedia
Moro National Liberation Front — Participant in Bangsamoro War of Independence (ongoing) Logo with Flag of the MNLF Active Late 1969 present Ideology … Wikipedia
National Liberation Front (Yemen) — National Liberation Front Active 1963 – 1978 Country Yemen Allegiance Nationalism, Marxism Role Guerrilla warfare … Wikipedia
Western Somali Liberation Front — Somali guerrilla activity in the Ogaden and in the Haud area east of Harar flared sporadically after Somalia gained its independence in 1960, but the guerrilla activity remained essentially a police concern until a border war erupted in 1964.… … Wikipedia
National Liberation Front - Bahrain — (ArB|جبهة التحرير الوطني البحرانية), was an underground Marxist Leninist communist party in Bahrain. The NLF was founded on February 15, 1955, and was the first Leftist party in the Arab Gulf states. Among the founding members of the group were… … Wikipedia
Arab–Israeli conflict — Arab Israeli conflict … Wikipedia