- St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church at Hildesheim
State Party = GER
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii
ID = 187
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1985
Session = 9th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/187The Church of St. Michael ( _de. Michaeliskirche) in
Hildesheim, Germany, is an early-Romanesque church. It has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritagelist since 1985.
Abbey Church of St. Michael's was constructed between
1001and 1031under the direction of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim( 993- 1022) as the chapel of his Benedictine monastery. Bernward named the church after the archangel Michael, the Christian angelof protection who carries the deceased to heaven, because he planned to be buried in the "Michaeliskirche"Fact|date=February 2007. Bernward's plans were spoiled by his death in 1022, eleven years before the completion and consecration of the church in 1033. Bernward's successor, Godehard, transferred Bernward's remains to the cryptfollowing its completion.
Reformationwas adopted in Hildesheim in 1542, St. Michael's Church became Protestant, but the Benedictine monastery remained existing until it was secularized in 1803. The monks would still use the church and its crypt, which remain Catholicto this day.
St. Michael's Church was destroyed in an air raid during
World War II, but reconstruction was begun in 1950and completed in 1957. In 1985, the church became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritagesite, along with the Cathedral of Hildesheim, its collection of medieval treasures and its 1000-year old rosebush.
St. Michael's Church is one of the most important churches in Ottonic (Early-Romanesque) style. It is a double-choir
basilicawith two transepts and a square tower at each crossing. The west choiris emphasized by an ambulatoryand a crypt. The ground plan of the building follows a geometrical conception, in which the square of the transept crossing in the ground plan constitutes the key measuring unit for the entire church. The square units are defined by the "double" alteration of columns and piers. There are 2 entrances on the each apse, and 4 entrances on the north and south side of the church.
choirand the cloister, the painted wooden ceiling (around 1230) is most famous of the Church's interior. It shows the genealogical tree of Jesus Christ. Bishop Bernward wanted to construct the pillars of the navein the "Niedersächsischer Stützenwechsel" style, which means square pillars alternating with round ones. Above them, the wall closes with the clerestory, whose round archwindows attract the light from outside. Furthermore, light shines through the Gothic windows of the lower aisles beyond the arcade. Their ceilings are stone vaults.
* Total length: 74,75m
* Total length of the
* Total width of the transepts: 11,38m
* Length of the
* Length of the
* Width of the nave incl. lower
* Width of the nave without lower aisles: 8,60m
* Height of the nave without lower aisles: 16,70m
* Thickness of the walls: 1,63m
St. Michael's Church is situated at the Western rim of the city centre of Hildesheim, on the so-called "Michaelishügel" ("St. Michael's Hill"). The main entrance to the Church is at the south side. Behind the Church, there is a garden called monastery garden. The cloister is also accessible from there. It leads to the Church's contemporary (administrative) buildings. In the south and east of the Hill you reach Hildesheim's downtown, in the west of it there is the River
Innersteand in the north the Gymnasium Andreanumschool.
* [http://22.214.171.124/hornemann/english/unesco_st_michael.htm Introduction to the Michaeliskirche (Hornemann Institut)]
* [http://www.raymond-faure.com/Hildesheim/Hildesheim_Michel/hildesheim-Michel.html Pictures (Raymond Faure's Website)]
* [http://www.st-michaelis-hildesheim.de Official Website of the parish St. Michael (German)]
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