Styrofoam is a trademark for polystyrene
thermal insulation, a material manufactured by Dow Chemical Company.
In 1941, researchers in Dow's Chemical Physics Lab found a way to make foamed polystyrene. Led by
Ray McIntire, they had "rediscovered" a method first discovered by Swedish inventor C. G. Munters. [cite book
last = Boundy
first = Ray H.
coauthors =J. Lawrence Amos
title = A History of the Dow Chemical Physics Lab
publisher = Marcel Dekker, Inc.
date = 1990
location = New York
pages = 117-128
isbn = 0-8247-8097-3] Dow acquired exclusive rights to use Munter's patents and found ways to make large quantities of extruded polystyrene as a closed cell
foamthat resisted moisture. Because of its insulating properties, buoyancy and "unsinkability", it was adopted in 1942 by the U.S. Coast Guardfor use in a six-person life raft. Styrofoam can be used for building materials, including insulated sheathing, pipe insulation and floral and craft products. Styrofoam insulation has been used in many notable buildings and facilities in North America. [cite web|url=http://building.dow.com/styrofoam/na/pro-us/information/fame.htm|title=Styrofoam "Walls of Fame"|accessdate=2008-04-01] The Dow product can be identified by its distinctive blue color.
Styrofoam can be used under roads and other structures to prevent soil disturbances due to freezing and thawing. [cite web|url=http://www.alaskool.org/resources/regional/nw_reg_pro/permafrost.html|title=Engineering considerations when building on permafrost|accessdate=2007-08-30]
The word "styrofoam" is often used as a generic term for expanded
polystyrenefoam, such as disposable coffee cups, coolers or packaging material, which are typically white and are made of expanded polystyrene beads and are very different from Styrofoam.
List of generic and genericized trademarks
Structural insulated panel
Resin identification code
National Inventors Hall of Fame
* [http://building.dow.com/styrofoam/what.htm Dow Chemical Company Styrofoam page]
* [http://www.cawrecycles.org/issues/polystyrene_main Californians Against Waste article on Expanded Polystyrene]
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Styrofoam — bezeichnet: ein Markenzeichen für Polystyrolschaum der Firma Dow Chemical ein Pseudonym des belgischen Indietronic Musikers Arne Van Petegem (* 1973) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Styrofoam™ — UK US noun [U] ► US TRADEMARK for POLYSTYRENE(Cf. ↑polystyrene) … Financial and business terms
Styrofoam — 1950, trademark name (Dow Chemical Co.), from (poly)styr(ene) (see POLYSTYRENE (Cf. polystyrene)) + o + FOAM (Cf. foam) (n.) … Etymology dictionary
styrofoam — ► NOUN (trademark in the US) ▪ a kind of expanded polystyrene, used especially for making food containers. ORIGIN from POLYSTYRENE(Cf. ↑polystyrene) + FOAM(Cf. ↑foamy) … English terms dictionary
Styrofoam — ☆ Styrofoam [stī′rə fōm΄ ] [(POLY)STYR(ENE) + O + FOAM] trademark for rigid, lightweight, cellular polystyrene, used in boat construction, insulation, commercial displays, etc. n. [also s ] this substance, or one like it … English World dictionary
Styrofoam® — /stīˈrə fōm/ (also without cap) noun A type of expanded plastic made from polystyrene … Useful english dictionary
Styrofoam® — A trademark used for expanded polystyrene plastic, a light weight, granular material, usually worked in sheets or blocks, but also available in loose granules. It can be cut with great precision and ease with an electrically heated wire.… … Glossary of Art Terms
Styrofoam — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Styrofoam (homonymie). Styrofoam est une marque déposée de panneaux de polystyrène extrudé, fabriqués par la société Dow Chemical, utilisés comme isolant thermique. Ils sont généralement de couleur bleue ou rose … Wikipédia en Français
Styrofoam™ — noun Styrofoam™ is used before these nouns: ↑cup … Collocations dictionary
Styrofoam — Sty|ro|foam [ˈstaıərəfəum US ˈstaırəfoum] n [U] trademark a soft light plastic material that prevents heat or cold from passing through it, used especially to make containers British Equivalent: polystyrene ▪ a Styrofoam cup … Dictionary of contemporary English