- Late Pleistocene
The Late Pleistocene (also known as Upper Pleistocene or the Tarantian) is a stage of the
PleistoceneEpoch. The beginning of the stage is defined by the base of Eemian interglacialphase before final glacial episode of Pleistocene 126,000 ± 5,000 years ago. The end of the stage is defined exactly at 10,000 Carbon-14 years BP ("before present"). The stage is followed by Holocene.
Much of the Late Pleistocene Epoch was dominated by glaciation (the
Wisconsin glaciationin North America and corresponding glacial periods in Eurasia). Many megafaunabecome extinct over this period, a trend that continued into Holocene. Also, human species other than the modern human died out. Humanity spread to every continentexcept for Antarcticaduring the Late Pleistocene.
* [http://www.stratigraphy.org/geowhen/stages/Late_Pleistocene.html GeoWhen Database - Late Pleistocene]
*Ehlers, J., and P.L. Gibbard, 2004a, "Quaternary Glaciations: Extent and Chronology 2: Part II North America." Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-51462-7
*Ehlers, J., and P L. Gibbard, 2004b, "Quaternary Glaciations: Extent and Chronology 3: Part III: South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica. " ISBN 0-444-51593-3
*Gillespie, A.R., S.C. Porter, and B.F. Atwater, 2004, "The Quaternary Period in the United States. " Developments in Quaternary Science no. 1. Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 978-0-444-51471-4
*Mangerud, J., J. Ehlers, and P. Gibbard, 2004, "Quaternary Glaciations : Extent and Chronology 1: Part I Europe." Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-51462-7
*Sibrava, V., Bowen, D.Q, and Richmond, G.M., 1986, "Quaternary Glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere, Quaternary Science Reviews." vol. 5, pp. 1-514.
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