- Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine
Prince Charles Alexander Spouse Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria Father Leopold, Duke of Lorraine Mother Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans Born 12 December 1712 Died 4 July 1780(aged 67)
Charles was the son of Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine and Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans. When his elder brother Francis Stephen, Duke of Lorraine, married the Archduchess Maria Theresa, daughter of Emperor Charles VI, Charles Alexander entered the Imperial service in 1737.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, he was one of the principal Austrian military commanders, and was most notable for his defeat by Frederick the Great at the Battle of Chotusitz, fought in 1742, and the Battle of Hohenfriedberg in 1745. He was also defeated by Maurice de Saxe at the Battle of Rocoux in 1746.
On January 7, 1744, he married Maria Theresa's only sister, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, thus making him doubly Maria Theresa's brother-in-law, and the pair were jointly made Governors of the Austrian Netherlands. His sister, Anne Charlotte, whom he was very close to, acted as de facto co sovereign.
Although Maria Anna died later that year, Charles himself continued as governor until his own death in 1780. He was very popular. He also became Grand Master of the Teutonic Order in 1761.
Seven Years War
Despite his record of defeats he was able to retain his position, he was able to attain command ahead of the more popular Marshal Browne because of the support of his brother who had significant influence over military appointments. During the Seven Years' War, he commanded the Austrian army at the Battle of Prague, where he was again defeated. He subsequently defeated a smaller Prussian army in 1757 at the Battle of Breslau before being once again vanquished by Frederick II of Prussia at the Battle of Leuthen. During the battle, he was commander of the Austrian army as appointed by Maria Theresa, who stripped him of his rank forever.
After this last defeat, Charles was replaced by Leopold Josef Graf Daun and retired from military service.
Ancestors of Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine 16. Francis II, Duke of Lorraine 8. Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine 17. Christina of Salm 4. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine 18. Henry II, Duke of Lorraine 9. Claude Françoise of Lorraine 19. Margherita Gonzaga 2. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine 20. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor 10. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor 21. Maria Anna of Bavaria 5. Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria 22. Charles II, Duke of Mantua 11. Eleanor Gonzaga 23. Maria Gonzaga 1. Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine 24. Henry IV of France 12. Louis XIII of France 25. Marie de' Medici 6. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans 26. Philip III of Spain 13. Anne of Austria 27. Margaret of Austria 3. Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans 28. Frederick V, Elector Palatine 14. Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine 29. Elizabeth Stuart 7. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate 30. William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) 15. Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) 31. Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg Preceded by
Count Friedrich August von Harrach-Rohrau
Governor of the Austrian Netherlands
Served alongside: Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria & Albert of Saxe-Teschen
Klemens August of Bavaria
Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria
Princes of LorraineThe generations start from the children of Réné II 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationPrince Henri* · Charles IV · Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine · Henri, Duke of Guise* · Louis, Duke of Joyeuse* · Henri, Count of Harcourt · Charles, Duke of Elbeuf* · Henri, Abbot of Hombliéres* · François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne* · François Louis, Count of Harcourt* · Louis, Count of Armagnac · Philippe, Chevalier de Lorraine 6th GenerationFerdinand, Hereditary Prince* · Charles V · Charles Henri, Prince of Commercy* · Louis Joseph, Duke of Guise* · Alfonse Louis, Abbot of Royaumont* · Raimond Bérenger, Abbot of Faron de Meaux* · Henri, Duke of Elbeuf* · Emmanuel Maurice, Duke of Elbeuf* · Henri, Count of Brionne · Alphonse Henri, Count of Harcourt · Charles, Count of Marsan 7th GenerationLéopold I · Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc* · Prince Charles Ferdinand* · Prince Joseph Innocent* · François Antoine, Abbot of Malmedy* · Charles Thomas, Prince of Vaudémont · François Joseph, Duke of Guise* · Henri, Count of Brionne · Charles, Count of Armagnac · Louis, Prince of Lambesc · Joseph, Count of Harcourt · Charles Louis, Count of Marsan 8th GenerationLouis, Hereditary Prince* · Louis, Hereditary Prince* · Léopold Clément, Hereditary Prince* · Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor · Prince Charles Alexandre* · Louis, Prince of Brionne · Gaston, Count of Marsan* · Camille, Prince of Marsan* 9th GenerationCharles Eugene, Prince of Lambesc, Duke of Elbeuf* · Joseph, Prince of Vaudémont*
- died without surviving issue
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