Ventral body cavity


Ventral body cavity

The ventral body cavity is a human body cavity that is in the anterior (front) aspect of the human body. It is made up of the thoracic cavity, and the abdominopelvic cavity. The abdominopelvic cavity is further separated into the abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity, but there is no physical barrier between the two. The abdominal cavity contains digestive organs, the pelvic cavity contains the urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs, and rectum.

There are two methods for dividing the abdominopelvic cavity. The clinical method, used by physicians and nurses, utilizes four sections called quadrants. They are the Right Upper Quadrant, the Left Upper Quadrant, the Right Lower Quadrant, and the Left Lower quadrant. The directional terms refer to the model's right and left, not the viewer's. Clinicians use the quadrant method because in reality, organs are mobile and move around when the patient is in different positions.

The second method for dividing the abdominopelvic cavity is preferred by anatomists. This method divides the cavity into nine regions. The regions are the left and right hypochondriac regions, so named because they lie under the ribs; the epigastric region which is approximately where the stomach is located between the hypochondriac regions; the right and left lumbar regions which flank the umbilical region (which surrounds the umbilicus, or belly button), the right and left iliac/inguinal regions which are where the hips are, and the hypogastric/pubic region, which lies between the hips.

The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm. The thoracic cavity is further separated into the pleural cavity which contains the lungs and the superior mediastinum which includes the pericardial (heart) cavity.

The organs within the ventral body cavity are called the viscera.

External links

* [http://training.seer.cancer.gov/module_anatomy/unit1_3_terminology3_cavities.html SEER's Web-based Training Modules] , for a picture of the ventral body cavity


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Body cavity — Picture of Human body cavities dorsal body cavity to the left and ventral body cavity to the right. By the broadest definition, a body cavity is any fluid filled space in a multicellular organism. However, the term usually refers to the space… …   Wikipedia

  • ventral sinus — noun : a cavity of the abdomen of an insect between the ventral diaphragm and the ventral body wall …   Useful english dictionary

  • ventral sinus — (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The space of the body cavity below the ventral diaphragm, containing the nerve cord; the perineural sinus …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • body — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I n. torso (See body); solid, mass; group, assemblage; substance, bulk; main part. See whole, party. II Physical structure Nouns 1. body, anatomy, torso; carcass, cadaver, corpse, remains (See …   English dictionary for students

  • body — 1. The head, neck, trunk, and extremities. The human b., consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra). 2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the …   Medical dictionary

  • Human body cavities — The human body consists of the following body cavities: dorsal body cavity cranial cavity, enclosed by the skull and contains the brain, eyes, and ears. spinal canal, enclosed by the spine and contains the spinal cord. ventral body cavity… …   Wikipedia

  • human body — Introduction       the physical substance of the human organism, composed of living cells and extracellular materials and organized into tissues, organs, and systems.       Human anatomy and physiology are treated in many different articles. For… …   Universalium

  • buccal cavity — Cavity on ventral surface of body in which mouth parts are situated; bounded anteriorly by epistome, laterally by free edges of carapace. Within this frame lie the mouth parts, which in most Brachyura are covered by operculiform third maxillipeds …   Crustacea glossary

  • List of muscles of the human body — Skeletal muscles homo sapiens Muscles of the human body: Overview Head  |  Neck  |&# …   Wikipedia

  • Table of muscles of the human body: Neck — Scheme of muscles of neck (left side, platysma muscle dissected) Contents 1 …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.