- Bromine number
Bromine number is the amount of
brominein grams absorbed by 100 grams of a sample. The number indicates the degree of unsaturation.
The Bromine Number is useful as a measure of
aliphaticunsaturation in gasolinesamples. The ARB, in its Motor Vehicle Fuels Compliance Assistance Program, indicated that every unit mass of Bromine Number is equivalent to twice the percentage point of olefincontent in gasoline. So, a gasoline with Bromine Number 30 would have an olefin content of not more than 15 percent by volume. One refinery compiled a year's worth of data on Bromine Number and the corresponding olefin content of gasoline. The data showed that the Bromine Number of gasoline is about 2.4 times the olefin content. A gasoline with Bromine Number of 30 would then have an olefin content of about 12.5 percent by volume, which is slightly lower than ARB's assumption, but still is higher than the CaRFG maximum limit of 10 percent by volume.
The Bromine Number is usually determined by
electrochemical titration, where bromine is generated in situ with the redox process of potassium bromide and bromate in an acidic solution, using a mercury catalystto ensure the complete bromination of all olefins.
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bromine number — bromo skaičius statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Bromo kiekis (g), prisijungiantis prie 100 g medžiagos. atitikmenys: angl. bromine number; bromine value rus. бромное число … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
bromine value — bromo skaičius statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Bromo kiekis (g), prisijungiantis prie 100 g medžiagos. atitikmenys: angl. bromine number; bromine value rus. бромное число … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
Bromine — (pronEng|ˈbroʊmiːn/, /ˈbroʊmaɪn/, /ˈbroʊmɪn, el. βρῶμος, brómos , meaning stench (of he goats) Gemoll W, Vretska K: Griechisch Deutsches Schul und Handwörterbuch ( Greek German dictionary ), 9th ed., published by [http://www.oebvhpt.at/ öbvhpt] … Wikipedia
bromine — Symbol: Br Atomic number: 35 Atomic weight: 79.909 Halogen element. Red volatile liquid at room temperature. Its reactivity is somewhere between chlorine and iodine. Harmful to human tissue in a liquid state, the vapour irritates eyes and throat … Elements of periodic system
bromine — /broh meen, min/, n. Chem. an element that is a dark reddish, fuming, toxic liquid and a member of the halogen family: obtained from natural brines and ocean water, and used chiefly in the manufacture of gasoline antiknock compounds,… … Universalium
Bromine monochloride — Chembox new Name = Bromine monochloride ImageFile = Bromine monochloride 2D.png ImageSize = 125px ImageName = Bromine monochloride OtherNames = bromine(I) chloride bromochloride bromine chloride Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo = 13863 41 7… … Wikipedia
Bromine trifluoride — Chembox new ImageFile = Bromine trifluoride 3D vdW.png ImageSize = 150px ImageName = Bromine trifluoride Section2 = Chembox Properties Formula = BrF3 MolarMass = 136.90 g/mol Appearance = straw coloured liquid Density = 2.8 g/ml, liquid… … Wikipedia
bromine — noun /ˈbrəʊmɪn,ˈbrəʊmaɪn,ˈbroʊmin/ a) A nonmetallic chemical element (symbol Br) with an atomic number of 35; one of the halogens b) A bromine atom in a molecule Syn: muride See Also: brome … Wiktionary
bromine — A nonmetallic, reddish, volatile, liquid element; atomic no. 35, atomic wt. 79.904; valences 1–7, inclusive; it unites with hydrogen to form hydrobromic acid, and this reacts with many metals to form bromides, some of which are used in medicine.… … Medical dictionary
bromine — [ brəʊmi:n] noun the chemical element of atomic number 35, a dark red toxic liquid halogen with a choking, irritating smell. (Symbol: Br) Origin C19: from Fr. brome, from Gk brōmos a stink , + ine4 … English new terms dictionary