Dover Area School District


Dover Area School District
Dover Area School District
Address
2 School Lane
Dover, Pennsylvania, York, 17315
United States
Information
Superintendent Dr. Robert Krantz
Grades K-12
Kindergarten 326
Grade 1 280
Grade 2 295
Grade 3 285
Grade 4 302
Grade 5 262
Grade 6 271
Grade 7 312
Grade 8 288
Grade 9 284
Grade 10 268
Grade 11 224
Grade 12 244
Other Enrollment projected to increase to 4290 by 2019[1]
Athletics conference Greater York Conference
Mascot Eagles
Newspaper The Eagles Eye
Website

The Dover Area School District is a public school district located in Pennsylvania, United States. It consists of Dover Township, Washington Township and the Borough of Dover in York County. The district operates Dover Area High School, Dover Intermediate School, Dover Elementary School, Leib Elementary School, North Salem Elementary School and Weigelstown Elementary School. The district encompasses an area of approximately 65 square miles. The school district has a population of 22,349, according to the 2000 federal census.

Contents

Governance

The school district is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four year terms), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[2] The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act which mandates the district focus its resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "D-" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[3]

Academic achievement

Dover Area School District was ranked 286th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2010 by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on three years of student academic achievement on the PSSA results on: reading, writing, math and two years of science.[4]

2009 - 245th
2008 - 247th
2007 - 244th of 500 school districts in Pennsylvania.[5]

In 2009, the academic achievement of the students of Dover Area School DIstrict was in the 38th percentile among 500 Pennsylvania School Districts. Scale - (0-99; 100 is state best) [6]

In 2010, the Pittsburgh Business Times reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Dover Area School District ranked 448th. In 2009 the district was 425th. The paper describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."[7]

Graduation Rate

  • 2010 - 92%[8]
  • 2009 - 92%[9]
  • 2008 - 90%
  • 2007 - 90%[10]

Dover Area High School

Dover Area High School is located at 46 W. Canal St. Dover, Pennsylvania 17315. The principal is Mr. Joel Riedel and the assistant principals are Mr. Shane Miller, Mr. William Rickard.

  • Dover Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 [1]

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
2010 - 64% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 68% of 11th graders on grade level.[11]
2009 - 68%, State - 65% of 11th graders on grade level.[12]
2008 - 70%, State - 65%
2007 - 75%, State - 65.4% [13]

11th Grade Math:
2010 - 55% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders on grade level.
2009 - 51%, State - 56%[14]
2008 - 69%, State - 56% [15]
2007 - 61%, State - 53%

11th Grade Science:
2010 - 24% on grade level. State - 39% of 11th graders were on grade level.[16]
2009 - 34%, State - 40%
2008 - 46%, State - 39%
2007 - Tested, The state did not make the results public.

Graduation Requirements

The Dover Area School Board has set that a minimum of 25.66 credits, including specified required courses and projects required for graduation, must be successfully completed to qualify a student for graduation. Additionally, seniors planning for early graduation must pass/earn two (2) credits while all others must pass/earn four (4) credits regardless of total credits earned to date in order to graduate.[17]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[18]

Beginning with the class of 2015, students must take the Keystone Exams in reading and math.[19]

College remediation

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 28% of Dover Area School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[20] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[21] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment

The high school offers a Dual Enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school, including the graduation ceremony. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[22] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[23]

For the 2009-10 funding year, the school district received a state grant of $10,655 for the program.[24]

Kindergarten

The district has provided all day kindergarten to all pupils since 2006.[25] All day kindergarten is believed to be particularly beneficial for at-risk students such as those with special needs or from a poor or non-English-speaking family. The extra time permits these students to catch up with their peers for first grade through repetition, reinforcement and supplemental the material.[26]

Third Grade

3rd Grade Reading on grade level

  • 2009: 82%, State - 77%[9]
  • 2008: 86%, State - 77%

3rd Grade Math on grade level

  • 2009: 88%, State - 81%
  • 2008: 91%, State - 81%

Fourth Grade

4th Grade Reading on grade level

  • 2009: 75%, State - 72%
  • 2008: 72%, State - 70%

4th Grade Math on grade level

  • 2009: 88%, State - 81%
  • 2008: 83%, State - 79%

4th Grade Science on grade level

  • 2009: 95%, State - 83%[9]
  • 2008: 89%, State - 81%

Fifth Grade

5th Grade Reading on grade level

  • 2009: 62%, State - 64%[9]
  • 2008: 60%, State - 61%

5th Grade Math on grade level

  • 2009: 70%, State - 73%
  • 2008: 66%, State - 73%

Sixth Grade

6th Grade Reading on grade level

  • 2009: 72%, State - 67%
  • 2008: 69%, State - 67%

6th Grade Math on grade level

  • 2009: 71%, State - 75%
  • 2008: 71%, State - 72%

Dover Area Intermediate School

Seventh Grade

7th Grade Reading

  • 2010 - 61%, State - 73% [27]
  • 2009 - 73%, State - 71% [28]
  • 2008 - 71%, State - 70%

7th Grade Math

  • 2010 - 63%, State - 77%
  • 2009 - 68%, State - 75%
  • 2008 - 70%, State - 70% [29]

Eighth Grade

8th Grade Reading

  • 2010 - 73% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 81% of 8th graders on grade level.
  • 2009 - 84%, State - 80%
  • 2008 - 81%, State - 78%

8th Grade Math

  • 2010 - 70% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 75% of 8th graders are on grade level
  • 2009 - 66%, State - 71%
  • 2008 - 69%, State - 70%

8th Grade Science

  • 2010 - 52% on grade level. State - 57% of 8th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 58%, State - 55%
  • 2008 - 55%, State - 52%

Special Education

In December 2009, the district administration reported that 561 pupils or 15.5% of the district's pupils received Special Education services.[30]

The District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Supervisor of Special Education.[31]

Bullying policy

The school district administration reported there was 1 incident of bullying in the district in 2009.[32][33]

The Dover Area School Board has provided the district's antibully policy online.[34] All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[35] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[36]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[37]

Budget

In 2009, the district reports employing over 280 teachers with a salary range of $39,277 to $113,338.[38] Teachers earn extra pay for duties such as advising the clubs, writing curriculum or coaching athletics teams. That amount ranges from several hundred dollars a year to a few thousand. When a team progresses past the regular season the coaches are paid additional dollars for each week the teams continues to play. All of this is stipulated in the teachers' union contract at each district. Additionally, the district teacher union contract includes seven levels, from a bachelor's degree to a doctorate. A teacher with five years of experience and a doctorate would make about $7,500 more than one with the same experience and a master's degree.[39] A teacher who achieves a higher level of education receives a raise in step pay and then the annual raise, as well. In addition to salary, the teachers receive a benefits package which includes: health insurance, life insurance, a defined benefit pension, 10 paid sick and personal days, reimbursement for college courses and more.[40]

In 2007, Dover Area School District employed 214 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $54,777 for 180 days worked.[41] The average teacher salary in York County was $53,918. In 2007, the district's starting salary was $34,865 and the top teacher salary was $72.365.[42]

  • PA Teacher Profiles Database 2008-09 [2]

The teachers' union contract expired in June 2009. A new contract is under negotiation. According to the state fact finder's report the union demands include a 5% annual raise for 6 years retroactive to 2009, while the school board is offering 3% each year for three years.[43] The union is also seeking a half-hour reduction in the workday for teachers.[44] The union voted in favor of the report. The school board rejected it.

Dover Area School District administrative costs was $685 per pupil in 2008. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 in 2008.[45] In 2007, the Average District Administrator salary in Dover Area School District was $90,681. The Average School Administrator salary in Dover Area School District was $78,574 which ranked was the median school administrator salary in York County.[46] In July 2007, the Dover Area School Board awarded a five year contract to Robert Krantz as Superintendent. The contract expires June 30, 2012[47] In 2009 the school district reported Krantz's salary as $129,875.[48]

Reserves - In 2008, the Dover Area School Board reported a $4,148,046.00 in a unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as zero.[49] In 2009-10 school year, Dover Area Reported a end of year fund balance of $7.2 Million. [50]

According to an extensive study of York County school districts conducted by APA Associates in 2008, Dover Area School District achieved a +9 rating based on Performance and Relative Efficiency. Central York School District and Northeastern York School District ranked +10 and 11 of 16 York County districts achieved a positive rating.[46]

In 2008 the district reported spending $11,312 per pupil which ranked 364th among Pennsylvania's 500 school districts.[51]

In January 2009, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the school district. Findings of irregularities were reported to the school board members and the school administration.[52]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax 1.40%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.50%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of the individual's level of wealth.[53]

State basic education funding

In 2011-12, the district will receive $10,032,836 in state Basic Education Funding. [54] [55] Additionally, the district will receive $191,065 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget includes $5,354,629,000 for the 2011-2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010-2011. The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12.[56] Districts experienced a reduction in funding due to the loss of federal stimulus funding which ended in 2011.

In 2010, the district reported that 982 pupils received a free or reduced lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.

For the 2010-11 budget year, the Dover Area School District received a 2% increase in Basic Education Funding for a total of $10,771,692. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. The highest increase in York County was awarded to Hanover Public School District at 8.39%. Among Pennsylvania school districts, the highest increase in 2010-11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[57] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[58]

In the 2009-2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 5.26% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $10,560,483. This was the second lowest percentage point increase, in Basic Education Funding, for the school districts in York County. Four school districts in York County received increases of over 6% in Basic Education Funding in 2009. The state Basic Education funding to the district in 2008-09 was $10,033,035.09. In York County, 12 school districts received less than 6% increase in state basic education funding in 2010 and three districts received the base 2% increase. Ninety school districts in the commonwealth were given the base 2% increase. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding.[59]

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 890 students received free or reduced lunches due to low family income in the 2007-2008 school year.[60]

Accountability Block Grants

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, All Day Kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math Coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010-11 the Dover Area School District applied for and received $518,596 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide Full Day Kindergarten and to develop and implement new curriculum.[61] [62]

Classrooms for the Future grant

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Dover Area School District did not apply to participate in 2006-07. In 2007-08 it was denied funding by the PDE. The district received $158,286 in 2008-09.[63]

Federal Stimulus Funding

The district received an extra $2,245,744 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low income students.[64]

Race to the Top grant

School district officials did not apply for the Race to the Top federal grant. When approved for the grant, the district would have received millions in additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[65] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Central Yorkg was one of six York County school districts that applied to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[66]

Common Cents state initiative

The Dover Area School Board decided to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[67] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes

The school board levied a real estate tax of 20.3300 mills in 2010-11.[68] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[69]

  • 2009-10 - 19.57 mills [70]
  • 2008-09 - 18.87 mills [71]
  • 2007-08 - 17.8200 mills.

Act 1 Adjusted index

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[72]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Dover Area School District 2006-2007 through 2011-2012.<refPennsylvania Department of Education, (May 2010). "Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006-2007 through 2011-2012,". https://spreadsheets.google.com/ccc?key=0AqCAjQ6eteArdFFCaWRjMUhzSkl5RTYxMjNJN1RQemc&hl=en#gid=0. </ref>

  • 2006-07 - 5.1%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.5%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 5.9%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 5.5%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 3.9%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 1.9%, Base 1.4%

The Dover Area School Board did not apply for any exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budget in 2011.[73] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[74]

Property tax relief

In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Dover Area School District was $170 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 7,481 property owners applied for the tax relief.[75] In 2009, the district's property tax relief amount was set at $175 to 7,307 approved homestead owners. In 2010 within York County, the highest amount went to York City School District set at $495 per approved homestead. The property tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres (40,000 m2) and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $641 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[76] Chester-Upland School District was given $632 in 2009. This was the second year they were the top recipient.

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially greater than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[77]

Wellness policy

The Dover Area School Board established a district wellness policy in 2006 - Policy 246.[78] The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 - 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006."

The legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education, physical activity, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus.[79]

The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the policy for approval.

Extracurriculars

The district's students have access to a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Eligibility for participation is determined by the school board policy.[80] The district charges a $50 activity in 2011-12. It also charges $20 for the PIAA mandated physical to participate in sports. [81]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[82]

Instrumental Music Department

Dover Area School District is well known for its music programs. The Dover Eagle Marching Band, led by director George J. Bradshaw, went on a trip in December 2008 to San Diego where they received an award for Best Drum Major in the Big Bay Balloon Parade. The band has also traveled to Hollywood, California, as well as Memphis, Tennessee, where they won the National Parade Award for the Best Marching Band in the parade. The Marching Band also performs at various band shows and festivals throughout the country.

The bands of Dover Area High School are:

  • The Dover Marching Eagles Band
  • Dominants - A select ensemble
  • Jazz Band
  • Concert Band
  • Symphonic Band
  • Pit Orchestra

Vocal Music Department

The choir department is headed by Ms. Sara Reddington. She directs the various choir groups of Dover Area High School. Recently, the Renaissance vocal group travelled to San Diego with the marching band.

The choral groups of Dover Area High School are:

  • Renaissance - A select choir
  • DHS Concert Choir - The Sophomores, Juniors, and Seniors of DHS choir
  • Ladies Choir - The female vocal group
  • Men's Ensemble - A small male vocal group
  • Freshmen Choir - A choir consisting of DHS freshmen, often assisted by upperclassmen

Recently, Dover was named one of the top 100 school districts for music in the nation by the NAMM.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education School District Enrollment and projections, January 2009
  2. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Code Governance 2010
  3. ^ The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives. "The Pennsylvania Project". http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Pennsylvania_school_districts. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  4. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (May 6, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings". http://pittsburgh.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/feature/schools/statewide_rankings.html. 
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Rankings, Pittsburgh Business Times. May 23, 2007.
  6. ^ 2009 PSSA RESULTS Dover Area SD
  7. ^ Overachiever statewide ranking, Pittsburgh Business Times. May 6, 2010
  8. ^ Dover Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table
  9. ^ a b c d Dover Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009
  10. ^ Dover Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008
  11. ^ Dover Area School District 11th grade PSSA Performance Levels 2010
  12. ^ Dover Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education report Mathematics, Reading, Writing PSSA results by School 2007. August 2007.
  14. ^ 2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results
  15. ^ 2008 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results
  16. ^ The Scranton Times-Tribune - Grading Our Schools PSSA database
  17. ^ Dover Area School District Promotion and Retention Policy 215
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements.
  19. ^ Pennsylvania’s New Graduation Requirements
  20. ^ Pennsylvania College Remediation Report
  21. ^ National Center for Education Statistics - IPEDS 2008
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education - Dual Enrollment Guidelines 2010-11.
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement. site accessed March 2010.
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Dual Enrollment Fall Grants 2009-10. August 2009
  25. ^ Shaw, Andrew, Inside Full-Day K: Kindergarten trend sways districts, but not all parents, The York Dispatch. February 12, 2010
  26. ^ Shaw, Andrew, Inside Full-Day K part 2, The York Dispatch, February 12, 2010.
  27. ^ Grading Our Schools 2010 PSSA Scores, The Times-Tribune
  28. ^ 2009 PSSA School Test Results and Rankings in Pennsylvania, The Morning Call. 2009
  29. ^ Grading Our Schools 2008 Math PSSA Scores, The Times-Tribune
  30. ^ Dover Area SD Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009
  31. ^ Dover Area School District - Special Education Department - Annual Public Notice of Special Education Services
  32. ^ Dover Area SD School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009
  33. ^ Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports
  34. ^ Bullying/Cyberbullying Policy 249 effective December 2008
  35. ^ Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8
  36. ^ Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania, Bullying Prevention advisory
  37. ^ Pennsylvania Academic Standards
  38. ^ "Pa. Public School Salaries,". Asbury Park Press. 2009. http://php.app.com/PAteachers09/results.php?county=York&LEAname=Dover+Area+SD&school=%25&lname=&fname=&assignment=%25&Submit=Search. 
  39. ^ The York Dispatch (November 5, 2010). "Teacher salary numbers fuel the debate: Overpaid or underpaid?,". http://www.ydr.com/ci_16416370. 
  40. ^ Commonwealth Foundation. "Pennsylvania School Payrolls - Teachers Union Contracts". http://www.openpagov.org/k12_payroll.asp. 
  41. ^ Fenton, Jacob, (March 2009). "Average classroom teacher salary in York County, 2006-07.". The Morning Call'. http://projects.mcall.com/teacher_pay/county/YORK/ave_salary/1/. 
  42. ^ DeCesare, Dale, Augenblick, John and Myers, John, (January 2008). "Examining Resource Use and Areas for Enhanced Cooperation in York County’s School Districts,". http://www.apaconsulting.net/uploads/reports/12.pdf. 
  43. ^ Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board, (March 1, 2010). "In the matter of the employees of the Dover Area School District, FACT FINDER: Alex A. Kaschock.". http://www.scribd.com/doc/32515678/Dover-Area-Education-a-Fact-Finding-Report. 
  44. ^ Deyo, Darwyyn (March 15, 2010). "Dover School District Faces Potential Union Strike.". Pennsylvania Independent.. http://www.paindependent.com/todays_news/detail/dover-school-district-faces-potential-union-strike. 
  45. ^ Fenton, Jacob. Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?, The Morning Call, Feb 2009.
  46. ^ a b DeCesare, Dale, Augenblick, John, Myers, John, Examining Resource Use and Areas for Enhanced Cooperation in York County’s School Districts. January 2008
  47. ^ The Altoona Mirror (August 2007). "Benefits of Learning,". http://extras.altoonamirror.com/schools/. 
  48. ^ Asbury Park Press APP.com (June 3, 2010). "Pa. Public School Salaries,". http://php.app.com/PAteachers09/search.php. 
  49. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Report on Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008". http://www.scribd.com/doc/25254368/Pennsylvania-Public-Schools-Finances-AFR-General-Fund-Balance-1996-97-to-2007-08. 
  50. ^ Andrew Shaw (June 2011). "Schools decide how to spend excess funds". http://www.yorkdispatch.com/ci_17501964?IADID=Search-www.yorkdispatch.com-www.yorkdispatch.com. 
  51. ^ York County PA School District Administrative Spending versus Student Academic Achievement
  52. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (JANUARY 2009). "DOVER AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA PERFORMANCE AUDIT REPORT". http://www.auditorgen.state.pa.us/Reports/School.html#York. 
  53. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue - Income Tax Information 2009
  54. ^ Pennsylvania Department ofEducation (July 2011). "Pennsylvania 2011-2012 Estimated Basic Education Funding". http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/education_budget/8699/basic_education_funding/539259. 
  55. ^ PA Senate Appropriations Committee (June 28, 2011). "School District 2011-12 funding Report". http://www.scribd.com/doc/58929810/PA-Senate-Appropriations-Committee-Report-School-District-2011-12. 
  56. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (June 30, 2011). "Basic Education Funding 2011-2012 Fiscal Year". http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/education_budget/8699/basic_education_funding/539259. 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee. "PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011". http://www.scribd.com/doc/40153192/PA-Basic-Education-Funding-Printout2-2010-2011. 
  58. ^ Office of the Budget, (February 2010). "Pennsylvania Budget Proposal 2010". http://www.budget.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/past_budgets/4571. 
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  64. ^ Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. "York County ARRA FUNDING". http://www.recovery.pa.gov/. 
  65. ^ Office of the Governor. "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support". http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=7201&PageID=510952&mode=2&contentid=http://pubcontent.state.pa.us/publishedcontent/publish/global/news_releases/governor_s_office/news_releases/pennsylvania_s__race_to_the_top__fueled_by_effective_reforms__strong_local_support.html. 
  66. ^ {{cite web }url=http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop/index.html |title=Race to the Top Fund, |author=U.S. Department of Education |date=March 29, 2010}}
  67. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program - Making Every Dollar Count". http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/common_cents/8781. 
  68. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. (2010). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District,". http://www.scribd.com/doc/40000011/Pennsylvania-Department-of-Education-Finances-Real-Estate-Tax-Rates-2010-11. 
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  71. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "Pennsylvania School District Real Estate Tax Rates 2008-09". http://www.scribd.com/doc/25369575/Pennsylvania-School-District-Real-Estate-Tax-Rates-2008-09. 
  72. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines.
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  74. ^ Scarcella, Frank and Pursell, Tricia, (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages.". The Daily Item. http://dailyitem.com/0100_news/x1174308659/Local-school-tax-assessments-exceed-state-averages. 
  75. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 1, 2010). "Tax Relief per Homestead 2010,". http://www.scribd.com/doc/41505536/SSAct1-Property-Tax-Relief-Per-HomeStead-5-1-10-Pennsylvania. 
  76. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, (May 2009). "Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-09. Report". https://spreadsheets0.google.com/ccc?key=tW9LsmxmTN8R9gEpGsF0C4w&hl=en#gid=0. 
  77. ^ Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners,". http://www.taxfoundation.org/news/show/26742.html. 
  78. ^ Dover Area School Board Policy Manual
  79. ^ Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods in Pennsylvania Schools for the School Nutrition Incentive, Pennsylvania Department of Education — Division of Food and Nutrition. July 2008
  80. ^ Dover Area School Board. "Dover Area School Board Policy Manual Extracurriculars Policy 122 and Interscholastic Athletics Policy 123". http://www.edline.net/GroupHome.page. 
  81. ^ SPECIAL REPORT: Pay-to-play a growing trend in area school districts, Dick VanOlinda, The York Dispatch, September 15, 2011
  82. ^ Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities, Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, November 10, 2005

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