Harry Martinson


Harry Martinson

Infobox writer
name = Harry Martinson
birthdate = birth date|1904|5|6|mf=y
birthplace = Jämshög, Sweden
deathdate = death date and age|1978|2|11|1904|5|6|mf=y
deathplace = Stockholm, Sweden
spouse = Moa Martinson
awards = awd|Nobel Prize in Literature|1974 Shared with Eyvind Johnson

Harry Martinson (May 6, 1904February 11, 1978) was an author and poet. In 1949 he was elected into the Swedish Academy. He was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in Literature in 1974 together with fellow Swede Eyvind Johnson. The choice for Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson was very controversial as both were on the Nobel panel. They and Graham Greene, Saul Bellow and Vladimir Nabokov were the favored candidates that year.

Life

Martinson was born in Jämshög, in the Swedish county of Blekinge in south-eastern Sweden. At a young age he lost both his parents, whereafter he was stationed on the Swedish country side as a foster child ("Kommunalbarn"). At the age of sixteen, Martinson ran away, and enrolled on a ship where he spent the next years sailing around the world, visiting countries such as Brazil and India.

A few years later, lung problems forced him to set ashore in Sweden. The next years were spent travelling around Sweden without a steady employment, at times living as a vagabond on country roads. In the city of Malmö, he was arrested for vagrancy, at the age of 21.

In 1929, he debuted as a poet. Together with Artur Lundkvist, Gustav Sandgren, Erik Asklund and Josef Kjellgren, he authored the anthology "Fem unga" (Five Youths), which introduced Swedish Modernism. His poetry combined an acute eye for and love of nature with a deeply felt humanism. His popular success as a novelist came with the semi-autobiographical "Nässlorna blomma" (Flowering Nettle), in 1935, about hardships encountered by a young boy in the countryside. It has since been translated into more than 30 languages.

One of his most famous works is the poetic cycle "Aniara", which is a story of the space craft Aniara, that during a journey through space loses its course, and subsequently aimlessly floats through space, without destination. The book was published in (1956), and became in 1959 an opera, composed by Karl-Birger Blomdahl. The cycle has been described as "an epic story of man's fragility and folly".

From 1929 to 1940 he was married to the Swedish writer Moa Martinson. The sensitive Harry found criticism in the 1970s subsequent to the Nobel prize hard to cope with. He committed suicide with a pair of scissors in Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm in 1978.

The 100th anniversary of his birth was celebrated around Sweden in 2004.

Bibliography

Titles in English where known.

Novels

*"Vägen till Klockrike" (The Road)
*"Nässlorna blomma" (Flowering Nettles)
*"Vägen ut" (The Way Out)

Essays

*"Svärmare och harkrank"
*"Midsommardalen" (Midsommer valley)
*"Det enkla och det svåra" (The easy and the hard)
*"Utsikt från en grästuva" (Sight from a tussock)
*"Verklighet till döds" (Reality to death)
*"Den förlorade jaguaren" (The Lost Jaguar)
*"Resor utan mål" (Aimless Journeys)

Poems

*"Spökskepp"
*"Nomad"
*"Passad" (Trade Wind)
*"Cikada"
*"Aniara"
*"Gräsen i Thule"
*"Vagnen"
*"Dikter om ljus och mörker"
*"Tuvor"

Radio plays

*"Gringo"
*"Salvation"
*"Lotsen från Moluckas"

tage play

*"Tre knivar från Wei"

Psalms

*"De blomster som i marken bor"

External links

* [http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/harrymar.htm Harry Martinson]
* [http://www.swedishbookreview.com/article-2004-1-vinde.asp A translators look at Flowering Nettles] Swedish book review
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9571170 Harry Martinson's Photo & Gravesite]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Harry Martinson — (links) und Ivar Lo Johansson Harry Edmund Martinson (* 6. Mai 1904 in Jämshög, Blekinge; † 11. Februar 1978 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller. Für „ein Werk, das den Tautropfen einfängt und das Weltall spiegelt“, erhielt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harry Martinson — Harry Edmund Martinson (Jämshög, 1904 Estocolmo, 1978). Escritor y poeta sueco. Recibió, compartido con su compatriota Eyvind Johnson, el Premio Nobel de literatura en 1974 por una obra poética capaz de abarcar desde una gota de rocío a todo el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harry Martinson — (à gauche) et Ivar Lo Johansson. Nom de naissance Harry Edmund Martinson Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harry Martinson — Harry Edmund Martinson (Jämshög, 1904 Estocolmo, 1978). Escritor sueco. Recibió, compartido con su compatriota Eyvind Johnson, el Premio Nobel de literatura en 1974 por una obra poética capaz de abarcar desde una gota de rocío a todo el universo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harry Edmund Martinson — Harry Martinson (links) und Ivar Lo Johansson Harry Edmund Martinson (* 6. Mai 1904 in Jämshög, Blekinge; † 11. Februar 1978 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller. Für „ein Werk, das den Tautropfen einfängt und das Weltall spiegelt“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martinson — is an English surname. It may refer to: Alfred Martinson, served in the United States Army during World War I Allan Martinson, Estonian venture capitalist Connie Martinson, American writer and television personality Gloria Martinson, American… …   Wikipedia

  • Martinson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Harry Martinson (1904–1978), schwedischer Schriftsteller Hans Martinson, Pseudonym von Hans Bemmann (1922–2003), österreichischer Schriftsteller Mait Martinson (* 1969), estnischer Diplomat Sergej… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harry — es un nombre masculino, forma medieval del nombre Henry. En tiempos modernos se usa como diminutivo de Henry o Harold[1] y puede referirse a: Deborah Harry, cantante y actriz estadounidense. Grupo Blondie. Harry Abend, escultor polaco. Harry… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martinson, Moa — (1890 1964)    A Swedish novelist and poet, Martinson came from a background of abject poverty in the slums of the town of Norrkoping. She gave birth to five children, two of whom drowned in a creek, and she experienced the gruesome suicide ofher …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Martinson —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Martinson est un nom de famille anglo saxon, germanique et scandinave qui signifie littéralement « fils de Martin ». Harry… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.