Muslin


Muslin
Woman's muslin dress, Europe, c. 1855. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, M.2007.211.755.

Muslin (English pronunciation: /ˈmʌslɨn/, or less frequently: (/ˈmjuːslɨn/) is a loosely-woven cotton fabric originated in Bangladesh, which was introduced to Europe from the Middle East in the 17th century. It became very popular at the end of the 18th century in France. Muslin is most typically an unbleached or white cloth, produced from carded cotton yarn. It is often used to make sewing patterns, such as for clothing, curtains, or upholstery. Because air moves easily through muslin, muslin clothing is suitable for hot, dry climates.

Contents

Etymology and history

Muslin clothes were traded by ancient Greeks from the Indian port town Machilipatnam, which was called Maisolos or Masalia in ancient times. Some believe that the name 'Muslin' originated from the name Maisolos.[1][2] Marco Polo, the famous traveller, visited the Kakatiya kingdom in which Machilipatnam was located and praised the muslins available there.[3] Another view was that the fabric was named after the city where Europeans first encountered it, Mosul, in what is now Iraq, but the fabric actually originated from Dhaka, what is now the capital of Bangladesh.[4][5] In the 9th century, an Arab merchant named Sulaiman makes note of the material's origin in Bengal (known as Ruhml in Arabic).[5]

In 1298 C.E. Marco Polo describes the cloth "Muslin" in his book The Travels. He said that it is made in Mosul, Iraq.[6]

The word muslin is also used colloquially. In the United Kingdom, many sheer cotton fabrics are called muslin, while in the United States, muslin sometimes refers to a firm cloth for everyday use, which in the UK and Australia is known as calico.

In British slang, muslin used to refer to women or femininity, while in nautical slang, muslin can refer to a vessel's sails.

Uses

Dress-making and sewing

In Advantages of wearing Muslin Dresses! (1802), James Gillray caricatured a hazard of untreated muslin: its flammability.
Marie Antoinette, in 1783, in her famous "muslin" portrait

When sewing clothing, a dressmaker may test the fit of a garment, using an inexpensive muslin fabric before cutting the intended expensive fabric, thereby avoiding potential costly mistakes. The muslin garment is often called a "muslin", and the process is called "making a muslin". With the availability of inexpensive synthetic fabrics, which closely resemble the hand (drape and feel) of expensive natural fabrics, a test or fitting garment made of synthetics may still be referred to as a muslin, because the word has become the generic term for a test or fitting garment.

Muslin is also often used as a backing or lining for quilts, and thus can often be found in wide widths in the quilting sections of fabric stores.

Culinary

Muslin can be used as a filter:

(a) in a funnel when decanting fine wine or port to prevent sediment from entering the decanter;

(b) to separate out liquid from mush, e.g. to make apple juice - wash, chop, boil, mash, then filter by pouring the mush into a muslin bag suspended over a jug = keep the liquid, reject the solid;

(c) for cheese-making at home, when the milk has curdled to a gel, pour into a muslin bag and squash between two saucers (upside down under a brick) to squeeze out the liquid whey from the cheese curd - keep the solid, reject the liquid;

Muslin is the material for the traditional cloth used to wrap a Christmas pudding.

Muslin is used by Beekeepers to filter melted beeswax, making it clean and particle free for sale.

Theater and photography

Muslin is often the cloth of choice for theater sets. It is used to mask the background of sets and to establish the mood or feel of different scenes. It receives paint well and, if treated properly, can be made translucent.

It also holds dyes very well. It is often used to create night time scenes because when it is dyed, it often gets a wavy look with the color varying slightly, such that it resembles a night sky. Muslin shrinks after it is painted, but it is widely used because it makes an excellent painting surface.

In video production as well, muslin can be used as a cheap greenscreen or bluescreen, either precolored or painted with latex paint (diluted with water). It is commonly used as a background for the chroma key technique.

Muslin is the most common backdrop material used by photographers for formal portrait backgrounds. These backdrops are usually painted, most often with an abstract mottled pattern.

In the early days of silent film-making and up until the late 1910s, movie studios did not have the elaborate lights needed to illuminate indoor sets, so most interior scenes were sets built outdoors with large pieces of muslin hanging overhead to diffuse the lighting.

Medicine

Muslin gauze has also found a use in cerebrovascular neurosurgery. It is wrapped circumferentially around aneurysms or intracranial vessels at risk for bleeding.[7] The thought is that the gauze reinforces the artery and helps prevent rupture. It is often used for aneurysms that, due to their size or shape, cannot be microsurgically clipped or coiled.[8]

References

  1. ^ Periplus, Point 62; http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/periplus.html
  2. ^ http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/M_0427.htm
  3. ^ The Travels of Marco Polo: The Complete Yule-Cordier Edition By Marco Polo, Sir Henry Yule, Henri Cordier, 1993, p.363, ISBN 0-486-27587-6
  4. ^ Muslin, Banglapedia. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (2008)
  5. ^ a b Ahmad, S. (July–September 2005), "Rise and Decline of the Economy of Bengal", Asian Affairs 27 (3): 5–26 
  6. ^ Marco Polo. The most noble and famous travels of Marco Polo, together with the travels of Nicoláo de' Conti. Translated by John Frampton, London, A. and C. Black, 1937, p. 28.
  7. ^ Pool JL. "Muslin gauze in intracranial vascular surgery. Technical note." J Neurosurg. 1976 Jan;44(1):127-8.
  8. ^ Hartmann M, Wildemann B. "Progressive visual loss due to a muslinoma – report of a case and review of the literature." Eur J Neurol. 2003 Mar;10(2):153-8.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muslin — Mus lin, n. [F. mousseline; cf. It. mussolino, mussolo, Sp. muselina; all from Mussoul a city of Mesopotamia, Ar. Mausil, Syr. Mauzol, Muzol, Mosul, where it was first manufactured. Cf. {Mull} a kind of cloth.] A thin cotton, white, dyed, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Muslin — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Marko Muslin (* 1985), französisch serbischer Fußballspieler Slavoljub Muslin (* 1953), serbischer Fußballspieler und trainer Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muslin — Muslin, seines, durchsichtiges Baumwollenzeug, aus nur wenig gedrehtem Garne gewebt, daher an der Oberfläche etwas faserig und rauh. Es hat seinen Namen von der Stadt Mosul in Asien. Der erste M. kam 1670 nach England und 20 Jahre später wurden… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • muslin — MUSLÍN s.n. v. muselină. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  MUSLÍN s.n. v. muselină. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • muslin — (n.) c.1600, delicately woven cotton fabric, from Fr. mousseline (17c.), from It. mussolina, from Mussolo, Italian name of MOSUL (Cf. Mosul), city in northern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) where muslin was made. Like many fabric names, it has changed …   Etymology dictionary

  • muslin — [muz′lin] n. [Fr mousseline < It mussolino < mussolo, muslin, after Mussolo (< Ar Mauṣil), Mosul, city in Iraq, where it was made] any of various strong, often sheer cotton fabrics of plain weave; esp., a heavy variety used for sheets,… …   English World dictionary

  • muslin — mùslīn m <G muslína> DEFINICIJA fina pamučna, vunena ili svilena tkanina, koprenasto prozirna, uglavnom jednobojna, izrađena u platnovezu, podrijetlom iz Iraka ETIMOLOGIJA fr. mousseline ← tal. mussolina, prema gradu Mosulu u Iraku gdje je… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • muślin — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. muślinnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} lekka, cienka, półprzezroczysta tkanina z jedwabiu lub rzadziej z bawełny, pochodząca ze Wschodu, używana do wyrobu strojów kobiecych i zasłon <fr. z arab.> {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • muslin — ► NOUN ▪ lightweight cotton cloth in a plain weave. ORIGIN Italian mussolina, from Mussolo Mosul (the place in Iraq where it was formerly made) …   English terms dictionary

  • muslin — /muz lin/, n. a cotton fabric made in various degrees of fineness and often printed, woven, or embroidered in patterns, esp. a cotton fabric of plain weave, used for sheets and for a variety of other purposes. [1600 10; < F mousseline < It… …   Universalium