Edward Backhouse Eastwick


Edward Backhouse Eastwick

Edward Backhouse Eastwick (1814 – July 16, 1883), British orientalist, diplomat and Member of Parliament.

Born a member of an Anglo-Indian family, he was Educated at Charterhouse and at Oxford. He joined the Bombay infantry in 1836, but, owing to his talent for languages, was soon given a political post. In 1843 he translated the Persian "Kessahi Sanjan", or "History of the Arrival of the Parsees in India"; and he wrote a "Life" of Zoroaster, a Sindhi vocabulary, and various papers in the transactions of the Bombay Asiatic Society. Compelled by ill-health to return to Europe, he went to Frankfurt, where he learned German and translated Schiller's "Revolt of the Netherlands" and Bopp's "Comparative Grammar".

In 1845 he was appointed professor of Hindustani at Haileybury College. Two years later he published a Hindustani grammar, and, in subsequent years, a new edition of the "Gulistán", with a translation in prose and verse, also an edition with vocabulary of the Hindi translation of Chatur Chuj Misr's "Prem Sagar", and translations of the "Bagh-o-Bahar", and of the "Anwar-i Suhaili" of Bidpai. In 1851 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

In 1857-1858 he edited "The Autobiography of Latfullah". He also edited for the Bible Society the Book of Genesis in the Dakhani language. From 1860 to 1863 he was in Persia as secretary to the British Legation, publishing on his return "The Journal of a Diplomate". In 1866 he became private secretary to the secretary of state for India, Lord Cranborne (afterwards marquess of Salisbury), and in 1867 went, as in 1864, on a government mission to Venezuela.

On his return he wrote, at the request of Charles Dickens, for "All the Year Round", "Sketches of Life in a South American Republic." From 1868 to 1874 he was Member of Parliament (MP) for Penryn and Falmouth. In 1875 he received the degree of M.A. with the franchise from the university of Oxford, "as a slight recognition of distinguished services." At various times he wrote several of Murray's Indian hand-books. His last work was the "Kaisarnamah-i-Hind" ("the lay of the empress"), in two volumes (1878-1882). He died at Ventnor, Isle of Wight.

References

*1911

Persondata
NAME=Eastwick, Edward Backhouse
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=British orientalist, diplomat and MP
DATE OF BIRTH=March 13 1814
PLACE OF BIRTH=Warfield, now Bracknell, Berkshire
DATE OF DEATH=July 16 1883
PLACE OF DEATH=Ventnor, Isle of Wight


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  • Edward B. Eastwick — Edward Backhouse Eastwick (spr. ihst üick), (* 13. März 1814 in Warfield, jetzt Bracknell, Berkshire; † 16. Juli 1883 in Ventnor, Isle of Wight) war ein englischer Orientalist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Übe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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